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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An erect, slightly pubescent branched annual, to 21/2 ft. high.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb 15–50(–100) cm high; stems crisped-puberulous, sometimes also pilose
Morphology Leaves
Petiole up to 7.5 cm long; leaf-blade ovate to broadly lanceolate, 4–10 x 1.5–5 cm, base cuneate to rounded, tip acuminate, hairy becoming glabrous below; stipules 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes axillary, up to 5 cm long, densely flowered, lower 1/3–2/3rds female, rest male, sometimes with terminal modified female flower on pedicel up to 5 mm long
Morphology General Buds
Male buds 4-angular, granular tuberculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Female bracts accrescent to 6 x 12 mm, margin finely divided into numerous straight linear-filiform teeth 1.5–3 mm long, sometimes glandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers: sepals 3, 1 mm long; ovary hairy; styles 2 mm long, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1.5 x 2.5 mm, subglabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, 1.3 x 1 mm, brown; caruncle ± flat.
Distribution
C2; S1, 3 west to Burkina Faso and Togo, south to S Mozambique and N Namibia, avoiding higher rainfall areas; tropical Arabia, Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka
Ecology
Altitude range 20–240 m.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
An erect slender annual herb up to 1 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems sparingly crisped-puberulous and sometimes also slightly pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Petioles up to 7.5 cm. long; leaf-blade ovate, elliptic-ovate or occasionally ovate-lanceolate, 4–10 cm. long, 1.5–5 cm. wide, acutely or subacutely caudate-acuminate, cuneate, rounded or scarcely subcordate, crenate-serrate, membranous, 3–5-nerved at the base, lateral nerves 4–5 pairs, sparingly pubescent above and beneath, more particularly on the midrib, lateral and tertiary nerves, later glabrescent above.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules filiform, 2 mm. long, very sparingly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences spicate, axillary, solitary or paired, up to 5 cm. long, densely flowered, the lower third to two-thirds ♂, the upper part ♂, sometimes terminated by an allomorphic ♀ flower on a pedicel up to 5 mm. long; axis sparingly crisped-puberulous; ♂ bracts minute; ♀ bracts transversely ovate, accrescent to up to 6 mm. long and 12 mm. wide, laciniate-multifid, the segments variable, ranging from 1.5 mm. long, lanceolate and curved forwards to 3 mm. long, filiform and patent, ciliate, glabrous, subglabrous or sparingly pubescent or pilose, occasionally with an admixture of glandular hairs, without and within, ribbed, 1-flowered.
sex Male
Male flowers subsessile; buds 4-gonous, minutely granular-tuberculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, ovate-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, ciliate; ovary subtrilobate, 0.3 mm. diameter, sparingly pubescent above; styles ± free to the base, 2 mm. long, laciniate, white. Male flowers subsessile; buds 4-gonous, minutely granular-tuberculate. Allomorphic ♀ flowers obovoid, with 2 lateral and 1 basal fimbriate whorls, pubescent.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, ovate-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, ciliate; ovary subtrilobate, 0.3 mm. diameter, sparingly pubescent above; styles ± free to the base, 2 mm. long, laciniate, white. Allomorphic ♀ flowers obovoid, with 2 lateral and 1 basal fimbriate whorls, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit trilobate, 1.5 mm. long, 2.5 mm. diameter, smooth, subglabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 1.3 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, ± smooth, brown, with a flattened elliptic caruncle.
Habitat
Open and wooded grassland, deciduous and coastal bushland, often in rocky or damp places, also ruderal; 0–1650 m.
Distribution
from Senegal to Eritrea and south to Namibia and South Africa (Transvaal)S. ArabiaPakistanIndia E. to OrissaCeylon K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
An erect, slender, unbranched annual herb up to 1.3 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems puberulous.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles up to 7 cm long.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf blades 2–10 × 1–5.5 cm, ovate, elliptic-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, caudate-acuminate at the apex, crenate-serrate, cuneate or rounded at the base, membranous, subglabrous or sparingly pubescent on both surfaces, and more evenly so along the midrib and main nerves beneath, 3–5-nerved from the base; lateral nerves in 4–6 pairs.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 1 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences up to 3 cm long, spicate, axillary, often paired, male in the upper half, female in the lower, sometimes terminated by a solitary allomorphic female flower; male bracts minute; female bracts accrescent to up to 6 × 10 mm, transversely ovate, multifid-laciniate, the teeth up to 4 mm long, linear to filiform, separate, erect, ciliate, the bracts as a whole sparingly pubescent or ± glabrous, ribbed, 1-flowered.
sex Male
Male flowers subsessile; buds minute, tetragonal, granular-tuberculate, greenish; anthers yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, ciliate; ovary 0.3 mm in diameter, somewhat 3-lobed, sparingly pubescent above; styles 2 mm long, ± free, laciniate, white. Allomorphic female flowers obovoid, rugulose, with or without a pair of fimbriate whorls near the top, pubescent. Male flowers subsessile; buds minute, tetragonal, granular-tuberculate, greenish; anthers yellow.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, ciliate; ovary 0.3 mm in diameter, somewhat 3-lobed, sparingly pubescent above; styles 2 mm long, ± free, laciniate, white. Allomorphic female flowers obovoid, rugulose, with or without a pair of fimbriate whorls near the top, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 1.5 × 2.5 mm, 3-lobed, smooth, subglabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.3 × 1 mm, ovoid, ± smooth, brown, shiny, with a flattened, elliptic caruncle.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Djibouti

Acalypha ciliata Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 18, 2008 Crawford, F. [164], Namibia K000450314
Jan 1, 1986 Bruce, E.M. [951], Tanzania K000452418
Jan 1, 1986 Haarer, A.E. [667], Tanzania K000452408
Jan 1, 1986 Bally, P.R.O. [4248], Tanzania K000452410
Jan 1, 1986 Haarer, A.E. [408], Tanzania K000452406
Jan 1, 1986 Harris, B.J. [4251], Tanzania K000452393
Ash [521], Ethiopia 37165.000
Heyne [7781], India K000246983 Unknown type material
Clair - Thompson, G.W.S. [561], Tanzania K000452387
Richards, H.M. [9859], Tanzania K000452388
Richards, M. [17650], Tanzania K000452389
Bidgood, S.C. [1196], Tanzania K000452414
Thompson, C. [1932], Tanzania K000452395
Bidgood, S.C. [905], Tanzania K000452420
Davis, R.L. [173], Tanzania K000452398
Laferrere, M. [3], Mali K000385832
Milne-Redhead, E. [9081], Tanzania K000452394
Burtt, B.D. [1399], Tanzania K000452411
Stolz, A. [1861], Tanzania K000452386
Koritschoner, H. [2071], Tanzania K000452403
Greenway, P.J. [13967], Tanzania K000452391
Haarer, A.E. [573], Tanzania K000452407
Batty, M. [901], Tanzania K000452392
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000247146 Unknown type material
Burtt, B.D. [2390B], Tanzania K000452399
Lovett, J. [1346], Tanzania K000452397
Bidgood, S.C. [960], Tanzania K000452415
Schlieben, H.J. [1745], Tanzania K000452416
Bax, R.D. [97], Tanzania K000452400
Koritschoner, H. [2076], Tanzania K000452404
Greenway, P.J. [11442], Tanzania K000452413
Polhill, R.M. [1040], Tanzania K000452409
Richards, H.M. [21222], Tanzania K000452390
Bax, R.D. [98], Tanzania K000452401
Koritschoner, H. [2235], Tanzania K000452405
Wallace, G.B. [611], Tanzania K000452402
Michelmore, A.P.G. [1476], Tanzania K000452396
Robertson, S.A. [495], Tanzania K000452419
Hornby, H.E. [184], Tanzania K000452412

First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 162 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 16: 98.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 901

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2):99 (1921).
  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 215 (1974).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 51 (1952).
  • Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab.: 162 (1775).
  • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 901 (1912).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 410 (1958).
  • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 873 (1866).
  • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(16): 98 (1924).
  • Pax in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 239 (1895).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0