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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
A much-branched pubescent or pilose shrub (1–)2–3(–4.5) m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Petioles 2–5(–15) mm. long; leaf-blade elliptic-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 3–7(–11) cm. long, (1–)2–3(–5) cm. wide, acutely or subacutely long-acuminate, often mucronulate, usually narrowed to an obliquely rounded or shallowly cordate base, crenate, remotely serrulate or coarsely serrate, firmly membranous, pinnately nerved, lateral nerves 5–7 pairs, sparingly pubescent or pilose above and beneath, more evenly so on the midrib and main nerves beneath.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules ovate-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 3–5(–12) mm. long, long-acuminate, pubescent without, ciliate, chestnut-brown.
sex Male
Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-gonous, 0.4 mm. diameter, pubescent, reddish tinged. Male racemes solitary, axillary, usually on the short lateral branches, sometimes toward the apex of a main shoot, 4–6.5 cm. long, not pedunculate; bracts 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescences spicate, solitary, terminal on both the lateral branches and main shoots, cylindric, (1–)3–5 cm. long, 1 cm. wide, shortly pedunculate; bracts multifid, the segments triangular-lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long, setose-pilose, eglandular, purple tinged, 1-flowered. Male racemes solitary, axillary, usually on the short lateral branches, sometimes toward the apex of a main shoot, 4–6.5 cm. long, not pedunculate; bracts 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers ± sessile; sepals 3, ovate, ± 1 mm. long, pubescent; ovary subtrilobed, 1.2 mm. diameter, densely pubescent; styles free, slender, 5 mm. long, pectinate, sparingly pubescent, crimson. Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-gonous, 0.4 mm. diameter, pubescent, reddish tinged.
sex Female
Female flowers ± sessile; sepals 3, ovate, ± 1 mm. long, pubescent; ovary subtrilobed, 1.2 mm. diameter, densely pubescent; styles free, slender, 5 mm. long, pectinate, sparingly pubescent, crimson. Female inflorescences spicate, solitary, terminal on both the lateral branches and main shoots, cylindric, (1–)3–5 cm. long, 1 cm. wide, shortly pedunculate; bracts multifid, the segments triangular-lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long, setose-pilose, eglandular, purple tinged, 1-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits trilobate, 1.5–2 mm. long, 2.5 mm. diameter, evenly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 1.8 mm. long, 1.4 mm. wide, smooth, dark purplish grey, ecarunculate.
Habitat
In deciduous woodland thicket and evergreen forest, on rocky hills, riverine and in secondary associations; (275–)500–1450 m.
Distribution
T1 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
A deciduous, much-branched, straggling or scrambling, slender-stemmed shrub or small tree up to 5 m tall, pubescent or pilose; branches over-arching and pendent.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 2–10(25) mm long.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf blades 3–13(15) × 1–5(8) cm, ovate-lanceolate to asymmetrically rhombic-lanceolate, acuminate at the apex, tapered to a narrowly cordate base, crenate-serrate on the margin, sometimes subentire towards the base, firmly membranous, 3–5-nerved from the base, sparingly pubescent or pilose on both surfaces and more evenly so on the midrib and main nerves beneath, pale to mid green; lateral nerves in 5–7 pairs.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 2–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate, long-acuminate, chestnut-brown.
Note
Plants monoecious.
sex Male
Male racemes 5–6 cm long, axillary, solitary, scarcely pedunculate, sometimes galled. Male flowers: pedicels 0.5 mm long; buds tetragonal, pubescent, greenish- or reddish-brown; anthers cream-coloured.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female spikes 2–7 × 1 cm, terminal, cylindric, on a peduncle up to 7 mm long; bracts accrescent to 6–12 × 7–13 mm, transversely-ovate, pilose, eglandular, green, 1-flowered, 7–17-toothed, the teeth narrowly lanceolate, c. one-third to half the length of the bract. Male racemes 5–6 cm long, axillary, solitary, scarcely pedunculate, sometimes galled.
sex Female
Female spikes 2–7 × 1 cm, terminal, cylindric, on a peduncle up to 7 mm long; bracts accrescent to 6–12 × 7–13 mm, transversely-ovate, pilose, eglandular, green, 1-flowered, 7–17-toothed, the teeth narrowly lanceolate, c. one-third to half the length of the bract. Female flowers ± sessile; sepals 3, c. 1 mm long, ovate, pubescent; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely pubescent; styles free, 5 mm long, laciniate, crimson to maroon.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers ± sessile; sepals 3, c. 1 mm long, ovate, pubescent; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely pubescent; styles free, 5 mm long, laciniate, crimson to maroon. Male flowers: pedicels 0.5 mm long; buds tetragonal, pubescent, greenish- or reddish-brown; anthers cream-coloured.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 1.5–2 × 2.5 mm, 3-lobed, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.8 × 1.4 mm, ovoid, ± smooth, purplish-grey.

Native to:

Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Acalypha chirindica S.Moore appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 5, 1978 Vollesen, K.B. [MRC4773], Tanzania K000452438
Ruffo, C.K. [3457], Tanzania K000452421
Erni, F. [B4087], Tanzania K000452427
Semsei, S.R. [3354], Tanzania K000452436
Robertson, S.A. [504], Tanzania K000452437
Anderson, B. [1305], Tanzania K000452439
Lovett, J. [2842], Tanzania K000452443
Newbould, J.B. [2681], Tanzania K000452431
Mwasumbi, L.B. [16552], Tanzania K000452426
Procter, J.E.A. [585], Tanzania K000452429
Burtt, B.D. [108], Tanzania K000452433
Greenway, P.J. [1195], Tanzania K000452432
Swynnerton, C.F.M. [380], Zimbabwe K000431083
Linderman, H.A. [574], Tanzania K000452428
Luke, P.A. [4947], Tanzania K000452422
Vollesen, K.B. [MRC4810], Tanzania K000452441
Anderson, B. [1306], Tanzania K000452440
McGrew, W.C. [s.n.], Tanzania K000452442
Luke, P.A. [5100], Tanzania K000452423
Cole, M. [C59], Tanzania K000452434
Haerdi, F. [340OA], Tanzania K000452435
Lovett, J. [1045], Tanzania K000452424
Lawton, R.M. [2220], Tanzania K000452430

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 40: 199 (1911)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 98 (1921).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 192 (1962).
  • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 885 (1912).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 196 (1949).
  • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(16): 81 (1924).
  • S. Moore in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 40: 199 (1911).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0