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This species is accepted, and its native range is Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
A perennial herb up to 40 cm high, from a branched rhizome system associated with a fist-sized woody rootstock; stems few–many, usually simple, sparingly pubescent to villous.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 1–2 mm long, or leaves subsessile.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf blades 1.5–6 × 1–2 cm, ovate to elliptic-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute or obtuse at the apex, sharply and coarsely serrate on the margin, rounded to shallowly cordate at the base, firmly chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, 3–7-nerved from the base, sparingly pubescent and hirsute with bulbous-based hairs on both surfaces; lateral nerves in 1–3 pairs, ascending, slightly prominent beneath, ± so above.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 2–4 mm long, linear to narrowly-oblong.
Note
Plants dioecious, rarely monoecious.
sex Male
Male racemes up to 13 cm long, axillary, solitary, densely flowered on a peduncle up to 7 cm long; bracts resembling the stipules. Male flowers: pedicels c. 1 mm long; buds depressed, 4-lobed, sparingly puberulous, reddish-brown; stamens 5–7, anthers white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female spikes terminal, up to 4 × 3 cm in fruit; bracts few, up to 2 × 1.2 cm in fruit, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, dentate with up to 5 narrowly lanceolate teeth on each side, foliaceous, up to 11-nerved from the base, sparingly hirsute with bulbous-based hairs and sometimes with a few stipitate or sessile glands along the nerves abaxially, 1-flowered. Male racemes up to 13 cm long, axillary, solitary, densely flowered on a peduncle up to 7 cm long; bracts resembling the stipules.
sex Female
Female spikes terminal, up to 4 × 3 cm in fruit; bracts few, up to 2 × 1.2 cm in fruit, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, dentate with up to 5 narrowly lanceolate teeth on each side, foliaceous, up to 11-nerved from the base, sparingly hirsute with bulbous-based hairs and sometimes with a few stipitate or sessile glands along the nerves abaxially, 1-flowered. Female flowers sessile; sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, with stipitate glands and a few bulbous-based hairs towards the apex; styles 2–3 cm long, united in the lower sixth to one-quarter, the style arms very sparingly fimbriate, crimson.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile; sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, with stipitate glands and a few bulbous-based hairs towards the apex; styles 2–3 cm long, united in the lower sixth to one-quarter, the style arms very sparingly fimbriate, crimson. Male flowers: pedicels c. 1 mm long; buds depressed, 4-lobed, sparingly puberulous, reddish-brown; stamens 5–7, anthers white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 3 × 4 mm, 3-lobed, sparingly stipitate-glandular, reddish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 3 × 2 mm, ovoid-subglobose, brownish-grey, with a small yellowish caruncle.

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Acalypha caperonioides Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 6, 1962 Kuntze [5553], South Africa K000431119 Unknown type material
Wallich [1521], South Africa K000431118 Unknown type material

First published in Adansonia 3: 157 (1863)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0