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This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.
Stapelia

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Clump-forming stem-succulents.
Morphology General Exudate
Latex clear or at most cloudy.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, cylindrical, rounded or sharply 4-angled, glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaf rudiments sessile, ascending, caducous; stipules glandular, globoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences basal, 1–10flowered, pedunculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers strongly foetid, not nectariferous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla rotate, shallowly cupular or (rarely) campanulate, fused basally to half of length, fleshy, rugose or unsculptured, glabrous or with trichomes; lobes reflexed or spreading, often ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corolline corona absent Gynostegial corona in 2 series, with 5 staminal and 5 interstaminal parts fused only at the very base; “outer” interstaminal corona lobes ovate, rectangular or deltate, spreading, “inner” staminal corona lobes subulate, often bilobed, erect, occasionally with inflexed subulate or falcate adaxial appendage shorter than staminal parts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegium (sub-)sessile or atop a column
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollinia
Pollinia ovoid or reniform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps two, glabrous or pubescent
Note
Around forty species in southern Africa. The classical “carrion flower”.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Hawaii, India, Kenya, Tanzania

Stapelia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
South Africa 16641.000
Rea, H.J.A., Zambia 30416.000
Greenway, P.J., Tanzania 30492.000
Plowers, D. [1700], Zimbabwe 30707.000
Gillett, J.B. [13168] 31272.000
Davies, R.M. [SRGH 22771], Zimbabwe 39274.000
5393.000
South Africa 6791.000
Plowes, D. [1704], Zimbabwe 7243.000
Plowes, D. [1703], Zimbabwe 7244.000
Plowes, D. [1699], Zimbabwe 7245.000
Plowes, D. [1701], Zimbabwe 7281.000
Plowes, D. [1702], Zimbabwe 7283.000
Wild, H. [GH.44795], Zimbabwe 7284.000
8060.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 217 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Bruyns, P.V. (2005). Stapeliads of Southern Africa and Madagascar 1-2: 1-606. Umdaus press, Hatfield, South Africa.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Excelsa Tax. Ser. 3: 1–157 (1985)
  • Sp. Pl.: 217 (1753)
  • Stap. south. Afr. Madag. 2: 418–489 (2005)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0