Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical coasts.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes scrambling
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or rarely opposite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube slit to the base on the back, usually hairy inside; lobes subequal, with broad membranous margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary usually completely inferior; ovules 2–4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe.
Distribution
Genus of over 110 species, the majority in Australia, but a few in Asia, the Pacific Islands, Africa and tropical America, one endemic species, S. socotraensis St. John, on Socotra.

[FZ]

Goodeniaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, entire or with the margins dentate, sessile or petiolate, sometimes clasping the stem.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, cymose, usually pedunculate, rarely flowers solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx much shorter than the corolla, usually fleshy; tube cylindrical to subglobose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5–lobed, slightly fleshy; tube with a longitudinal split to the base, villous or pubescent inside; lobes subequal, spreading, with broad membranous margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens free; anthers with an apical projection.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary usually completely inferior, 2–locular, thick–walled, fleshy, style, semi–terete, simple or bilobed, thick; stigma surrounded by a ciliate cup–shaped membrane.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, with a succulent or membranous exocarp and a woody or thin and cructaceous endocarp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds discoid, with a parchment–like testa and a succulent endosperm.

[FTEA]

Goodeniaceae, F. G. Davies. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, sessile or petiolate, entire or the margin toothed, glabrous or with stellate or simple hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or in axillary bracteate cymes, variously coloured
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube turbinate to globose; limb nearly entire to deeply 5-toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube split down one side to the base, often pubescent at least within; lobes subequal, spreading obliquely
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary inferior; style simple or 2-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, the outer layer often succulent, the inner layer (endocarp) woody and enveloping the seeds.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Line Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marcus I., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Texas, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia

Extinct in:

Norfolk Is.

Introduced into:

Belize, Windward Is.

Scaevola L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oldfield [s.n.], Australia K000216413
leg. ign. [s.n.], Australia K000216444
Sturt, C. [s.n.], Australia K000216070
Oldfield [s.n.], Australia K000216320
Oldfield [s.n.], Australia K000216319

First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 145 (1771)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 3: 462. Nom. cons.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Mant. Pl. 2: 145 (1771) nom. conserv.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mant. Pl. 2: 145 (1771), nom. conserv.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0