1. Family: Rutaceae Juss.
    1. Harrisonia R.Br. ex A.Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical and Africa..

    [FZ]

    Simaroubaceae, H. Wild & J. B. Phipps. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Erect or ± sarmentose or climbing shrubs or small trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves not crowded at the ends of the branches, imparipinnate, with 1–7 pairs of leaflets; leaflets 4:opposite; petiole and rhachis often winged, petiole often with a pair of lateral spines at its insertion.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, or of racemose cymes.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual.
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply 4–5-lobed.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5, valvate or slightly imbricate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8–10; filaments with a hairy appendage at the base, alternate filaments often slightly shorter.
    Disc
    Disk annular, pulviniform or cupular.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose or 4–5-lobed, 4–5-locular; loculi 1-ovulate; ovules pendulous; styles united throughout their length or free near the base; stigmas united into a capitate 4–5-lobed mass.
    Fruits
    Fruit a 4:fleshy 4–5-lobed berry with 4–5 seeds.
    [FTEA]

    Simaroubaceae, Brian Stannard. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2000

    Habit
    Erect or sometimes scandent shrubs or small trees, thorny; trunk and larger branches often bearing thorns on short wart-like outgrowths
    Leaves
    Leaves not crowded at the ends of branches, imparipinnate or ternate; petiole and rachis often winged, petiole often with a pair of recurved spines at the base; leaflets opposite or subopposite, ± sessile, subentire to crenate-dentate or serrate-lobate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary or terminal cymes, short racemes or panicles
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Calyx
    Calyx of 4–5(–6) sepals united towards base
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5(–6), much longer than calyx, valvate or slightly imbricate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8–10; filaments with a hairy scale attached at base
    Disc
    Disc annular, pulviniform or cupular, sometimes inconspicuous
    Ovary
    Ovary globose or 4–5(–6)-lobed, 4–5(–6)-locular, with 1 pendulous ovule per locule
    Pistil
    Styles united entirely or free at base; stigmas united to form a capitate, lobed mass
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, entire or 4–8-lobed; seeds 4–8, perforated at top.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre

    Harrisonia R.Br. ex A.Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hornby, R.M. [27A], Tanzania 15443.000

    First published in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 12: 517 (1825)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Engl. in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19A: 382 (1931).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 311
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Mem. Mus. Par. 12: 517, t. 28 (1825).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris 12: 517, t. 28/47 (1825), nom. conserv .

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0