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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. U.S.A. to Central America, Brazil to Argentina.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, subshrubs, and rhizomatous perennial herbs, strongly aromatic, with simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile to short-petiolate, simple, toothed (usually finely) or entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of terminal and axillary cymes (occasionally reduced to solitary flowers), a terminal paniculiform or spiciform thyrse, or involucrate terminal and subterminal glomerules
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx actinomorphic or zygomorphic, occasionally 2-lipped (3/2), not accrescent, cylindrical to tubular-campanulate, usually 10-13-nerved, 5-lobed, lobes deltoid to subulate, throat usually densely hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla lavender to white, weakly zygomorphic to 2-lipped (2/3), posterior lip usually emarginate, anterior 3 lobes occasionally forming a lip but more often fully separate above tube, tube straight to slightly downcurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2 fertile (posterior pair reduced to staminodes or absent), exserted, filaments glabrous, thecae parallel to divaricate, separate at dehiscence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma lobes equal to subequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc ± symmetrical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ellipsoid-trigonal, smooth, glabrous.
Note
2n = 28.
Distribution
About 15 species with a disjunct distribution, occurring from eastern North America to Panama and in southern South America (Southeastern Brazil, Northeastern Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay).

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Costa Rica, Delaware, District of Columbia, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Virginia, West Virginia

Cunila Royen ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Hatschbach, G. [14972], Brazil K001225977
Hatschbach, G. [38886], Brazil K001225978
Glaziou, A. [11301], Brazil K001225979
Sobral, M. [4180], Brazil K001225976

First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1359 (1759)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Xifreda, C.C. & Mallo, A.C. (2006). El género Cunila (Lamiaceae, Mentheae) en Argentina Darwiniana 44: 298-308.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Cunila D. Royen ex L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 2: 1359 (1759), nom. cons.
  • Epling, Rep. Spec. Nov. Beih. 85: 138-142 (1936), rev.
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Hedyosmos Mitch., Diss. Bot. Zool.: 33 (1769).
  • Mappia Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 58 (1759), nom. illeg.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0