Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa to India.
Chascanum pinnatifidum (L.f.) E.Mey

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect or spreading perennial herbs or subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly distinctly toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate in terminal spikes or racemes; bracts small; bracteoles minute or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx narrowly tubular, 5-ribbed, 5-toothed, splitting longitudinally at maturity
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, yellowish or pink; tube slender, straight or curved, often widened at apex, glabrous outside, pilose inside; limb ± 2-lipped with 5 subequal to unequal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, inserted in upper part of corolla tube, included or slightly exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary narrowly oblong, 2-celled, each cell with 1 basal ovule; style filiform; stigma ± oblique
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 2 1-seeded linear-oblong nutlets ribbed on outer surface, sometimes winged at apex.
Distribution
Some 32 species, mainly African, extending to Madagascar, the Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan and India.

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Erect or spreading perennial herbs or undershrubs, often quite woody at base and often densely pubescent Leaves opposite or subopposite, mostly ovate or oblong, toothed or incised-dentate, rarely ± entire, ± petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate in terminal spikes or spike-like racemes; rhachis not excavated; bracts small and narrow; bracteoles minute or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx narrowly tubular, 5-ribbed and 5-angled, somewhat oblique, 5-toothed, dilating and splitting longitudinally at maturity
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, yellowish or pink, infundibuliform or hypocrateriform; tube slender, straight or curved, often widened at apex, glabrous outside, pilose inside between stamens; limb ± oblique, with 5 subequal or unequal lobes, ± 2-lipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted in upper part of the corolla-tube, included or slightly exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary cylindrical or narrowly oblong, glabrous, 2-locular, each locule with one basal anatropous ovule; style terminal, filiform, elongate; stigma ± oblique, sub-bilobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit straw-coloured to black, oblong, of 2 1-seeded linear-oblong nutlets ribbed on outer surface, sometimes winged at apex, minutely verruculose-asperulous on seed-part inside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds linear, exalbuminous.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Distribution
A genus of c. 25 species, mainly African, extending to Madagascar, Arabia, Pakistan and India.
Morphology General Habit
Erect or spreading perennial herbs or undershrubs, ± woody at the base, ± densely pubescent, the [a4] indumentum often with gland-tipped hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite-decussate, simple, entire, serrate or dentate, lobed or pinnatipartite, sessile or petiolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate in terminal spikes or racemes, slightly zygomorphic[a5].
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx narrowly tubular, 5-angled, with a green longitudinal rib on each angle and hyaline whitish between the ribs, slightly oblique, 5-dentate or 5-apiculate, the teeth ± unequal; fruiting calyx dilating and splitting longitudinally at the front, from base to apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or yellowish, funnel-shaped or hypocrateriform; tube slender straight or curved, somewhat widened at the apex, glabrous outside; limb ± oblique, 5-lobed or 5-partite with lobes subequal or unequal, glabrous outside, papillose-hairy at the base as well as in the throat.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, included, inserted in the upper part of the corolla tube; filaments short, shortly glandular hairy; anthers ovate, basifixed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary cylindric, glabrous, 1-carpellate, carpel 2-locular, each locule with one basal anatropous ovule; style terminal, filiform, glabrous; stigma ± oblique, divided at the apex into an anterior stigmatiferous lobe and a posterior small tooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a schizocarp enclosed within the persistent calyx, shorter than the calyx, oblong, hard, glabrous, formed by 2 equal 1-seeded mericarps, ribbed on the outer surface, sometimes winged in the upper 1/3, minutely verruculose-asperulous on the seed part inside, separating from one another[a6].
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds linear, without albumen.

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Cape Provinces, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Guinea, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Chascanum E.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 275 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Comm. Pl.Afr. Austr. 275 (1837)
  • Moldenke in Fedde Rep. 45: 114 (1938).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Atkins in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 463 (2004).
  • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 57 : 265–273 (1984).
  • Comment. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 275 (1838) nom. conserv.
  • Gilbert et al. in Taxon 35: 391 (1986).
  • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII : 463 (2004).
  • Kew Bull. 43 : 319 (1988).
  • Moldenke in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 45: 113–160, 300–319 (1938).
  • Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 45 : 113–160, 300–319 (1938).
  • Sebsebe & Verdcourt in Kew Bull. 43: 319 (1988).
  • Taxon 35 : 391 (1986).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 275 (1838)
  • Gilbert et al. in Taxon 35: 391 (1986)
  • Gillett in K.B. 10: 131 (1955)
  • Moldenke in F.R. 45: 113–160, 300–319 (1938)
  • Moldenke in F.R. 46: 1–12 (1939)
  • Moldenke in Phytologia 52: 323–329 (1983)
  • Rev. Sudam. Bot. 6: 15–24 (1939)
  • Saxena in Indian Journ. Bot. 3: 95–102 (1980) (pollen)
  • Sebsebe & Verdc. in K.B. 43: 519 (1988), nom. conserv.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0