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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Myanmar.
Balanites aegyptiaca

[FZ]

Balanitaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Note
Characters as for the family.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, usually bearing conspicuous spines at a varying distance above the subtending leaves
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, 2-foliolate or some reduced to simple minute scale-leaves; stipules triangular, usually falling early; leaflets entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in cymes or cymose clusters, regular, bisexual, 4–5-merous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals free, imbricate, the sepals ovate, usually eventually falling off, silky-hairy at least within, the petals mostly glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8–10, free, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk fleshy, annular, longitudinally grooved, usually minutely papillose, surrounding the ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior, 4–5-celled, each cell containing 1 pendulous ovule; style glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded drupe, indehiscent or splitting apically, with a leathery or crisp and brittle exocarp, fleshy or spongy mesocarp, and hard, woody endocarp.
Distribution
Genus of nine species, two in India and Myanmar, and seven distributed through most of tropical Africa and extending to the Arabian peninsula and the Jordan valley.
Note
The single genus, Balanites, has usually either been treated as a monogeneric family or as a member of Zygophyllaceae or Simaroubaceae. Recent molecular evidence (Sheahan & Chase in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 122: 279–300, 1996) supports the view that Balanites is a member of Zygophyllaceae and, furthermore, that it belongs to the subfamily Tribuloideae.

[FTEA]

Balanitaceae, Martin J.S. Sands. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2003

Note
Description as for the family.

[FSOM]
Use
The fruits of most species can be eaten, and the bark, gum-resin and fruits have various medicinal uses.

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Palestine, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Azores, Cape Verde, Dominican Republic, Netherlands Antilles

Balanites Delile appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2(Mém.): 221 (1813)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Engl. in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19A: 179 (1931).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 314

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Descr. Egypt., Hist. Nat. 2: 221 (1813) nom. conserv.

Flora of Somalia

  • Cuf. Enum.: 365–367 (1956)
  • Fl. Eth. 3: 433–436 (1990).
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. J. S. Sands & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Sands in Kew Bull. 38: 40 (1983), 56: 1–128 (2001).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2: 221, t. 28, 1 (1813)
  • Sands in K.B. 56: 1–128 (2001)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0