Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, SW. Tanzania to S. Africa.
Tulbaghia violacea

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Alliaceae by S. Kativu

Morphology General Habit
Perennial geophytic herbs with an alliaceous smell.
Morphology Roots
Rootstock a corm or rhizome.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves filiform or narrowly linear, in 2 rows.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle solitary, erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucral bracts 2, ovate acuminate to narrowly lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 3–40-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments united into a tube for about half the length, bearing 3 or more free scales or a fleshy tubular corona.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers sessile in 2 whorls.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior; style short; stigma capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule dehiscing loculicidally, surrounded by a persistent perianth; seeds black, trigonal.

[FTEA]

Alliaceae, Sarah Smith & Jonathan Stansbie. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs smelling strongly of onions, with a ± swollen and irregularly shaped rhizome (rarely a corm or bulb) surrounded by dry sheathing leaf-bases
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 4–8, strap-shaped filiform, distichous, base forming a very short closed sheath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape solitary (–2), erect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence umbellate, subtended by 2 spathaceous bracts; pedicels subtended by smaller membranous bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 3–40, opening in succession, with the outer opening first
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments united into a tube for about half their length; tube with a corona of 3 or more free fleshy scales or a fleshy tube (in all East African species)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers sessile in 2 whorls, 1 whorl usually inserted on the corona
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style short; stigma capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit surrounded by remains of perianth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, flat.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Mexico Central

Tulbaghia L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Mant. Pl.: 148 (1771)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 148 (1771), nom. conserv.
  • ―Burbidge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 36: 77–103 (1978).
  • ―Vosa in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 34: 47–121 (1975).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mant. Alt. 2: 148 (1771) (as Tulbagia)
  • Neck, Elem. 3: 188 (1790)
  • R.B. Burb. in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edin. 36: 77–103 (1978)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0