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  1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Trachyandra Kunth

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Geophytic herbs (sometimes suffrutescent), solitary or ± tufted, from short vertical rhizomes, acaulescent or sometimes caulescent, glabrous or glandular-pubescent.
    Roots
    Roots numerous, fibrous, swollen and tapering or fusiform (sometimes narrowly tuberous).
    Stem
    Stem when present ± woody, naked or covered with old leaf bases.
    Leaves
    Leaves rosulate, rarely ± distichous, sheathing at the base and often persisting as a sheath of fibres, or cauline and alternate; lamina linear, flat, three-angular in section or ± terete, entire, glabrous hispidulous or glandular-pubescent, outer leaves sometimes reduced to chartaceousoverlapping brown sheaths (squamae).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences with flowers racemosely or paniculately arranged on a peduncle or scape; peduncle terete, naked or rarely with a few sterile bracts in the upper part; pedicels each subtended by a floral bract, not articulated, ascending, patent or ± recurved, sometimes curving through 360°, their direction usually changing with the developmental stage of the flower and fruit.
    Flowers
    Flowers erect to pendulous; perianth segments free, spreading or reflexed, usually white, occasionally dull yellowish (rarely pink or mauve), with a single dark central vein, the 3 outer segments slightly narrower than the 3 inner ones, caducous, the perianth base persisting below the ovary to form a small sometimes stipitate rim or cup.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, slightly shorter than the perianth segments; filaments attached to the perianth base, scabrid or retrorsely papillate; anthers versatile, introrse.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, 3-locular, globose with 2–16 ovules biseriate in each locule; style filiform, ultimately exserted, often declinate; stigma minutely penicillate.
    Fruits
    Capsule loculicidally 3-valved, globose or ± 3-lobed; testa coriaceous, smooth or tuberculate with few to many gland-tipped tubercles.
    Seeds
    Seeds angled, brownish or greyish, smooth or verrucose, with or without prominent ridges, with immersed yellow glands (maculate), becoming glutinous when mature.
    [FTEA]

    Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Suffrutescent or herbaceous perennials, rhizomatous, sometimes developing an upright stem covered with old leaf-bases; roots fibrous or spindle-shaped, sometimes forming a small tuber
    Leaves
    Leaves in a rosette or rarely distichous, or cauline and alternate, terete, triquetrous, canaliculate or flat, with a tubular basal sheath, outer leaves often reduced, membranous and sheathing
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary raceme or panicle; pedicels not articulated, one in each bract; flowers white or rarely yellow, pink or mauve, with dark keels on the tepals and often 2-spotted at the base
    Perianth
    Perianth of 6 free tepals, spreading or reflexed, the 3 outer slightly narrower than the inner
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, slightly shorter than the tepals, sometimes declinate; filaments retrorsely scabrid
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, globose, with 2–16 ovules per locule; style filiform, often declinate
    Fruits
    Capsule globose to ellipsoid, sometimes tuberculate
    Seeds
    Seeds angled, brown or grey, smooth or verrucose, with scattered glands.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Trachyandra Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Enum. Pl. 4: 573 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Sölch et al. in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 147: 68 (1970).
    • Obermeyer in Bothalia 7: 711–759 (1962).
    • Enum. Pl. 4: 573 (1843), nom. conserv.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Oberm. in Bothalia 7: 711–759 (1962)
    • Enum. Pl. 4: 573 (1843)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0