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  1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Trachyandra Kunth

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar.


    Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Geophytic herbs (sometimes suffrutescent), solitary or ± tufted, from short vertical rhizomes, acaulescent or sometimes caulescent, glabrous or glandular-pubescent.
    Roots numerous, fibrous, swollen and tapering or fusiform (sometimes narrowly tuberous).
    Stem when present ± woody, naked or covered with old leaf bases.
    Leaves rosulate, rarely ± distichous, sheathing at the base and often persisting as a sheath of fibres, or cauline and alternate; lamina linear, flat, three-angular in section or ± terete, entire, glabrous hispidulous or glandular-pubescent, outer leaves sometimes reduced to chartaceousoverlapping brown sheaths (squamae).
    Inflorescences with flowers racemosely or paniculately arranged on a peduncle or scape; peduncle terete, naked or rarely with a few sterile bracts in the upper part; pedicels each subtended by a floral bract, not articulated, ascending, patent or ± recurved, sometimes curving through 360°, their direction usually changing with the developmental stage of the flower and fruit.
    Flowers erect to pendulous; perianth segments free, spreading or reflexed, usually white, occasionally dull yellowish (rarely pink or mauve), with a single dark central vein, the 3 outer segments slightly narrower than the 3 inner ones, caducous, the perianth base persisting below the ovary to form a small sometimes stipitate rim or cup.
    Stamens 6, slightly shorter than the perianth segments; filaments attached to the perianth base, scabrid or retrorsely papillate; anthers versatile, introrse.
    Ovary sessile, 3-locular, globose with 2–16 ovules biseriate in each locule; style filiform, ultimately exserted, often declinate; stigma minutely penicillate.
    Capsule loculicidally 3-valved, globose or ± 3-lobed; testa coriaceous, smooth or tuberculate with few to many gland-tipped tubercles.
    Seeds angled, brownish or greyish, smooth or verrucose, with or without prominent ridges, with immersed yellow glands (maculate), becoming glutinous when mature.

    Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Suffrutescent or herbaceous perennials, rhizomatous, sometimes developing an upright stem covered with old leaf-bases; roots fibrous or spindle-shaped, sometimes forming a small tuber
    Leaves in a rosette or rarely distichous, or cauline and alternate, terete, triquetrous, canaliculate or flat, with a tubular basal sheath, outer leaves often reduced, membranous and sheathing
    Inflorescence an axillary raceme or panicle; pedicels not articulated, one in each bract; flowers white or rarely yellow, pink or mauve, with dark keels on the tepals and often 2-spotted at the base
    Perianth of 6 free tepals, spreading or reflexed, the 3 outer slightly narrower than the inner
    Stamens 6, slightly shorter than the tepals, sometimes declinate; filaments retrorsely scabrid
    Ovary sessile, globose, with 2–16 ovules per locule; style filiform, often declinate
    Capsule globose to ellipsoid, sometimes tuberculate
    Seeds angled, brown or grey, smooth or verrucose, with scattered glands.



    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Trachyandra Kunth appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Enum. Pl. 4: 573 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Sölch et al. in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 147: 68 (1970).
    • Obermeyer in Bothalia 7: 711–759 (1962).
    • Enum. Pl. 4: 573 (1843), nom. conserv.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Oberm. in Bothalia 7: 711–759 (1962)
    • Enum. Pl. 4: 573 (1843)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.