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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, Eritrea to S. Africa, Madagascar.

[FZ]

Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, solitary or caespitose, mostly acaulescent.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome horizontal, with erect slender or corm-like branches; the nodes distant in solitary plants and closely spaced in caespitose (clump-forming) plants.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate to subdistichous, linear, usually keeled; margins entire or serrulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a dense or lax subspicate raceme of usually numerous flowers on a simple (rarely branched), erect, leafless, stout or somewhat slender, terminal peduncle (scape); peduncle occasionally with 1–3 sterile bracts below the inflorescence; racemes usually bicolorous and ± strongly red at the apex, grading through various shades of red to yellow or yellow-green or white beneath, or sometimes the racemes concolorous and ± uniformly red or greenish-yellow; bracts persistent, scarious, longer than the pedicels; pedicels short or almost absent, lengthening in fruit, articulated at the apex; flowers patent or pendulous, usually with a red pigment conspicuous in the buds, young flowers and flower-tips, this pigment usually ± quickly fading in the maturing flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments ± fused; tube campanulate to cylindrical or somewhat funnel-shaped; lobes unequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, as long as or longer than the perianth at anthesis, the 3 inner stamens longer than the outer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary sessile, ovoid, 3-locular; ovules many in each locule; style filiform, ± equalling the stamens at anthesis, usually becoming exserted; stigma minute, capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose to ovoid, triquetrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, somewhat flattened, acutely 3-angled or winged.

[FTEA]

Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, caespitose or solitary from a thick simple or branched rhizome, rarely with a stem
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate or rarely distichous, linear, tapering gradually to the apex, usually keeled beneath and channeled above; margin smooth to serrulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a dense or lax subspicate raceme on a stout erect simple (rarely abnormally branched) terminal peduncle; bracts scarious, persistent; pedicels usually shorter than the bracts or almost absent, articulated at the apex; flowers spreading or pendulous, white, yellow, brownish or various shades of red, often redder towards the apex of the inflorescence so giving a bicolourous appearance tothe whole
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-tube campanulate to cylindrical; lobes 6, short, subequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, usually as long as or longer than the perianth, the 3 opposite the inner segments longer than the others
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary sessile, ovoid, with many ovules per locule; style subequal to the stamens and usually exserted; stigma minute, capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose to triquetrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds somewhat flattened, acutely 3-angled or winged; endosperm fleshy.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, California, Ecuador, Great Britain, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Oregon, Spain, St.Helena, Turkey, Washington

Kniphofia Moench appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Richards, H. [5175], Zambia 15198.000
Erskine, Ethiopia 16723.000
Gillett, J.B. [14961], Ethiopia 25026.000
Stanfield 32074.000
Scott, H., Ethiopia 4474.000
Gillett, J.B. [14961], Ethiopia 5470.000

First published in Methodus: 631 (1794)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Whitehouse, C. (2016). Kniphofia; The complete guide: 1-440. Royal Horticultural Society.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 450.
  • Meth. 631 (1794)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Berger in Engler, Pflanzenr. IV, fam. No. 38, III, II (Heft 33): 31 (1908).
  • Codd in Bothalia 9: 363 (1968).
  • J.G. Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 360 (1871)
  • Marais in Kew Bull. 28: 465–483 (1974).
  • Meth. Pl.: 631 (1794), nom. conserv.
  • in F.C. 6: 275 (1896)
  • in F.T.A. 7: 450 (1898).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Berger in E.P. IV, 38: 31 (1908)
  • Codd in Bothalia 9: 363–513 (1968)
  • Marais in K.B. 28: 465–483 (1973), non Scop., nom. conserv .
  • Meth.: 631 (1794)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0