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  1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Bulbine Wolf

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical to S. Africa, Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Succulent glabrous perennials, rhizomatous and caespitose, much-branched suffrutices or solitary geophytes
    Leaves
    Leaves in a basal rosette or distichous or cauline and alternate, fleshy and often terete or angled, with a tubular basal sheath, the outer leaves reduced, membranous and sheathing
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a many-flowered raceme on a naked peduncle usually longer than the leaves; bracts membranous; pedicels usually long, not articulated; flowers yellow or rarely white, orange or pink
    Perianth
    Perianth of 6 free tepals, spreading or reflexed, all 1-nerved, oblong
    Stamens
    Stamens 6; filaments densely hairy in upper half
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, with 2–4 ovules per locule
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, occasionally inflated
    Seeds
    Seeds angled, smooth or tuberculate, ovate, flattened and winged, black.
    [FZ]

    Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Succulent geophytic herbs (rarely annual), caespitose (tufted) from a small woody rhizome or solitary from a tuberous or cormose rootstock, acaulescent or sometimes caulescent, glabrous or sparsely puberulent.
    Roots
    Roots numerous, fibrous or ± stoutly fleshy.
    Stem
    Stems branching or basal or 0.Leaves basal and rosulate or distichous, or spaced along the woody stems, erect spreading or prostrate, sheathing at the base and sometimes persisting as a sheath of fibres; lamina ± fleshy, subterete or angular or lanceolate, entire, glabrous or the margins occasionally ciliolate, often reduced or absent in outer leaves (squamae).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence simple, overtopping the leaves, with flowers racemosely arranged on a peduncle (scape); peduncle terete, naked; racemes densely to laxly cylindrical or corymbiform; floral bracts membranous, ± auriculate or not, persistent; pedicels ascending, patent or ± recurved, persistent.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments (tepals) free, usually yellow or greenish-yellow, brown or sometimes white (rarely pink or mauve), with a single dark central vein, the outer narrower than the inner, sometimes cucullate, spreading or ± reflexed for a short time then closing about the developing fruit, circumscissile below with a small annulus persisting below the ovary.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, erect, free, slightly shorter than the perianth segments; filaments densely bearded; anthers dorsifixed, versatile, introrse.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, 3-locular, globose with 2–many ovules in each locule, axile; style terete; stigma capitate.
    Fruits
    Capsule loculicidally 3-valved, globose or oblong-ovoid, sometimes inflated.
    Seeds
    Seeds black or dark brown, angular or pyramidal with a convex outer face and 2–3 flat inner faces tapering to the point of attachment, sometimes narrowly winged on the angles, sometimes with a reticulate pattern of ridges on the faces inmature seeds.
    [FZ]

    Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Geophytic herbs, solitary, acaulescent, glabrous, perennating from an abbreviated woody rhizome with numerous radiating roots; roots fusiform fleshy, with slender rootlets.
    Leaves
    Leaves basal, erect, the outer sheathing and tubular to funnel-shaped at the base; lamina subterete, pithy or hollow, glabrous, usually reduced or absent in outer leaves (squamae).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–3, simple, usually shorter than the leaves, with flowers racemosely arranged; peduncle (scape) terete, naked; racemes dense; floral bracts white membranous, exauriculate, persistent; pedicels ascending before anthesis, recurved in fruit, persistent.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments (tepals) free, white, ± cucullate, the outer broader than the inner, 3(5)-nerved in the outer, 1-nerved in the inner, spreading for a short time then closing about the developing fruit, circumscissile below.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, erect, free; filaments densely bearded in the upper part; anthers versatile, introrse.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, 3-locular, globose; ovules 2(4) per locule, axile; style slender with a ± papillose stigma.
    Fruits
    Capsule loculicidally 3-valved, globose, inflated or not.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, angular or pyramidal with a convex outer face and 2–3 flat inner faces tapering to the point of attachment, smooth.
    [FTEA]

    Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Perennial herbs without a stem; rhizome short
    Leaves
    Leaves in a basal rosette, terete or flattened, the outer leaves reduced and scale-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a compact many-flowered raceme on a naked peduncle, shorter than the leaves; bracts membranous; pedicels shorter or longer than the bracts, not articulated; flowers white
    Perianth
    Perianth of 6 free spreading tepals, the inner 1-nerved, the outer 3–5-nerved
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, shorter than the tepals; filaments densely hairy
    Ovary
    Ovary obovoid, with 2–4 ovules per locule
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid to ellipsoid, inflated or not
    Seeds
    Seeds black.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Queensland, Rwanda, Somalia, South Australia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tasmania, Uganda, Victoria, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Italy

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Bulbine Wolf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Whellan, J.A. [685], Zimbabwe 4418.000
    Glover, P. [2662], Kenya 31004.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 84 (1776)

    Accepted by

    • Geerinck, D.J.L. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi), n.s., Asphodelaceae: 1-43. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Baijnath, Taxonomic studies in the genus Bulbine Wolf, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Reading (unpubl.) (1977).
    • in F.T.A. 7: 475 (1898).
    • J.G. Baker in F.C. 6: 359 (1896)
    • Gen. Pl.: 84 (1776), nom. conserv.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • R.A. Dyer, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl.: 924 (1976)
    • R. Ross in Acta Bot. Neerl. 15: 155 (1966)
    • Gen. Pl.: 84 (1776)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0