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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, N. Israel. It is has environmental uses.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1200 - 2820 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: “Habitat in Calabria, Sicilia, Syria, Aegypto.” Lectotype: Herb. Linn. No. 15: Papyrus (UPS), designated by Simpson in Cafferty & Jarvis (ed.), Taxon 53: 179 (2004)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, very robust, up to 5.5 m high, with a creeping rhizome, 2–5 cm in diameter, with a white central part of air-tissue and a lighter brown harder outside cylinder; the outside of the rhizome densely covered by blackish scales 5–10 × 5–10 mm wide.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome with many roots.
Morphology Culms
Culms 200–500 cm long, basally 1–2.6 cm wide, apically 0.4–1 cm wide, trigonous, sometimes almost rounded, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blades absent Leaf sheath brown to black, thick and leathery to sometimes almost woody, 4–26 cm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts pale-brown, 3–10. Leaf-like, spreading, lowermost 6–18 cm long, 0.8–1.7 cm wide, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence simple, primary branches up to 350, 7–40 cm long, triquetrous to rounded, at the base of the branches with reddish brown tubular prophylls 2.5–6 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets on an elongated axis at the end of primary or secondary branches, up to 40 per axis, lanceolate to cylindric, 2.7–10 mm long, 0.4–1.3 mm wide, axis straight.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes pale brown to golden, ovate to obovate, 1.3–2.3 mm long, 0.8–1.2 mm wide, keel flattened, sometimes green, apex obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 1.6–2.2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 0.6–1.4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 3 branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet grey, ellipsoid to ovoid, trigonous, 0.9–1.4 mm long, 0.4–0.5 mm wide, ± smooth
Figures
Fig. 31, p210
Ecology
Swamps and lake edges and -shores, sometimes forming dense and impenetrable floating mats in deeper water; 300–2000 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its widespread distribution and abundance
Distribution
Range: Widespread in Africa; Mediterranean Flora districts: U2 U3 U4 K3 K4 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 Z

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Stems spongy, up to 5 m. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Characteristic mop-like inflorescences of very numerous primary, often sterile rays
Ecology
Forming rafts in open water and fringing lakes.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Alt. 1200 - 2820 m.

[UPB]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

California, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Florida, Hawaii, India, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mauritius, Nansei-shoto, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Sicilia, Spain, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

English
Paper plant, Papyrus

Cyperus papyrus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 1891 Illegible. [s.n.], Congo K000321320 Unknown type material
22203.000
Scott, L. [s.n.], Malawi K000362973 lectotype

First published in Sp. Pl.: 47 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 379 (1967).
  • F.T.A. 8: 374
  • Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyper. 45 (1935)
  • Sp. Pl. 47 (1753)

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P. 4, 20 (101): 45 (1936)
  • F.T.A. 8: 374 (1902)
  • Fl. Eth. 6: 441. fig. 212.73 (1997).
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 177, figs. 336, 337 (1983)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 47 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0