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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, usually also a staminode, slightly didynamous, inserted at or above the middle of corolla tube, included; filaments subulate; anthers sagittate, dorsifixed, erect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, 4-carpellate with carpels 2-locular, each locule with a single erect anatropous ovule; style equalling or shorter than the corolla tube; stigma subcapitate, unequally 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds erect, without albumen. Seeds erect, without albumen.
Distribution
A subtropical American genus of about 35 species.  One species is widely cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics and now often naturalized.
Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, erect or subscandent, unarmed or spinose; stem branched, woody. Shrubs or trees, erect or subscandent, unarmed or spinose; stem branched, woody
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, opposite or verticillate, deciduous, petiolate. Leaves simple, opposite or verticillate, deciduous, petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers few to many, pedicellate, in terminal and axillary racemes or panicles; bracts small. Flowers few to many, pedicellate, in terminal and axillary racemes or panicles; bracts small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cylindric-tubular or subcampanulate, 5-ribbed, 5-dentate, persistent, accrescent in fruit. Calyx cylindric.tubular or subcampanulate, 5-ribbed, 5-dentate, persistent, accrescent in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular, hypocrateriform; tube straight or curved; limb 2-lipped with 5 unequal lobes. Corolla tubular, hypocrateriform; tube straight or curved; limb 2-lipped with 5 unequal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens 4, usually also a staminode, slightly didynamous, inserted at or above the middle of corolla tube, included; filaments subulate; anthers sagittate, dorsifixed, erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, 4-carpellate with carpels 2-locular, each locule with a single erect anatropous ovule; style equalling or shorter than the corolla tube; stigma subcapitate, unequally 4-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy, drupaceous with four 2-seeded [a7]  pyrenes, enclosed within the accrescent calyx. Fruit fleshy, drupaceous with four 2-seeded   pyrenes, enclosed within the accrescent calyx

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Erect, trailing or subscandent unarmed or spiny shrubs or small trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves small, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire to serrate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers few to many in terminal and axillary racemes or panicles; bracts small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-toothed, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla irregular with straight or curved tube; limb 2-lipped, with 5 unequal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–5, slightly didynamous, inserted above the middle of the tube, included; in the case of 4 stamens a small staminode is sometimes present also
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, 8–10-locular, each locule with a single erect anatropous ovule; style equalling or shorter than the corolla-tube; stigma oblique, ± capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy, with 4–5 2-seeded pyrenes, tightly enclosed by the persistent calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds erect, without albumen; testa membranous.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Borneo, Cambodia, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Norfolk Is., Society Is., St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Duranta L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 637 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Atkins in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 467 (2004).
  • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII : 467 (2004).
  • J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 16 : 1–16 (1995).
  • Munir in J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 16: 1–16 (1995).
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 48 (1992).
  • Verdcourt in F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 48 (1992).
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 284 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl.: 637 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 284 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 637 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0