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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 2, anterior, inserted at the upper half of corolla tube, included; staminodes 2 or 0; filaments short; anthers with linear-oblong divaricate thecae
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-locular, dorsally compressed, on a short gynophore; loculi lateral, each with 1 erect anatropous; style filiform with a capitate or subcapitate stigma
Distribution
A genus of about 112 species
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx persistent, closely appressed, not enlarging in fruit; tube narrow, dorsally compressed, 5-ribbed, often plicate, membranous or herbaceous, very shortly 4–5-dentate with subequal teeth, or bifid with 2-dentate lobes or entire. Calyx persistent, closely appressed, not enlarging in fruit; tube narrow, dorsally compressed, 5-ribbed, often plicate, membranous or herbaceous, very shortly 4–5-dentate with subequal teeth, or bifid with 2-dentate lobes or entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue, purple, red or white, funnel-shaped or hypocrateriform; tube cylindrical, narrow, straight or curved, pubescent inside at the throat; limb ± spreading, oblique, 5-lobed, the lobes broad, subequal or unequal. Corolla blue, purple, red or white, funnel-shaped or hypocrateriform; tube cylindrical, narrow, straight or curved, pubescent inside at the throat; limb ± spreading, oblique, 5-lobed, the lobes broad, subequal or unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Fertile stamens 2, anterior, inserted at the upper half of corolla tube, included; staminodes 2 or 0; filaments short; anthers with linear-oblong divaricate thecae.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-locular, dorsally compressed, on a short gynophore; loculi lateral, each with 1 erect anatropous; style filiform with a capitate or subcapitate stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a schizocarp; schizocarp oblong, included within the persistent calyx, splitting at maturity into 2 mericarps; mericarps hard, shortly beaked, striate on the back and usually pitted near the apex. Fruit a schizocarp; schizocarp oblong, included within the persistent calyx, splitting at maturity into 2 mericarps; mericarps hard, shortly beaked, striate on the back and usually pitted near the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds without endosperm. Seeds without endosperm.
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, glabrous to densely hairy. Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, glabrous to densely hairy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or alternate, simple, serrate, dentate or crenate, usually petiolate. Leaves opposite or alternate, simple, serrate, dentate or crenate, usually petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an elongate terminal spike; bracts present. Inflorescence an elongate terminal spike; bracts present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, crowded, each partially sunk in a hollow in the rhachis and subtended by an acuminate bract. Flowers sessile, crowded, each partially sunk in a hollow in the rhachis and subtended by an acuminate bract

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, glabrous to densely hairy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or alternate, entire or toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, crowded in elongate terminal spikes, the rhachis hollowed beneath each flower; bracts present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx persistent, closely adpressed, not enlarging in fruit; tube narrow, 4–5-lobed or-toothed or with 2 2-fid lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla coloured, hypocrateriform; tube cylindrical; limb equally or usually subequally 5-lobed, ± irregular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, anterior plus 2 staminodes inserted in the upper part of the tube; fertile stamens with divergent anther-thecae, ± included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-locular with 1 erect anatropous ovule in each locule; style filiform with capitate or subcapitate stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit included in the calyx, splitting into 21-seeded linear-oblong mericarps
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds linear, exalbuminous.

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Leeward Is., Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zaïre

Extinct in:

Cape Verde

Introduced into:

Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Congo, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hawaii, India, Kazan-retto, Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Queensland, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Zimbabwe

Stachytarpheta Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1997 Guedes, M.L. [PCD2010], Brazil K000944302
Apr 14, 1995 Bernacci, L.C. [1426], Brazil K000944301
Callejas, R. [1549], Brazil K000944296
Gardner [4338], Brazil K000944298
Gardner [4338], Brazil K000944299
Guedes, M.L. [PCD1423], Brazil K000944303
Noblick, L.R. [4445], Brazil K000944295
s.coll. [146], Brazil K000944300
Carvalho, A.M. [277], Brazil K000944297

First published in Enum. Pl. Obs. 1: 205 (1804)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Brenan in Kew Bull. 5: 223 (1950) .4
  • —F.T.A. 5: 283

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Atkins in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 463 (2004).
  • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 57 : 87–111 (1984).
  • Enum. Pl. 1: 205 (1804) nom. conserv.
  • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII : 463 (2004).
  • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 57: 87–111 (1984).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Enum. Pl. 1: 205 (1804)
  • Moldenke in Rev. Fl. Ceylon 4: 246–267 (1983)
  • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 57: 87–111 (1984), nom. conserv.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0