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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FZ]

Piperaceae, M.A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial often succulent herbs, terrestrial epiphytic or growing on rocks; stems erect or ascending, sometimes climbing.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, thin to ± fleshy, often glandular-punctate, glabrous or hairy, stipules absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of solitary or crowded spikes, terminal, leaf-opposed or axillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, numerous, sessile, sometimes sunk in depressions in the rhachis, usually white cream or green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, borne at the base of the ovary, soon deciduous; filaments short, very thin; anthers transversely oblong or subglobose, dorsifixed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose or ellipsoid, glabrous; stigma 1(2), sessile or style developed, simple, sometimes sunken, smooth or penicillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a sessile or stipitate drupe; pericarp thin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1, testa membranous or coriaceous; endosperm farinaceous.

[FTEA]

Piperaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial often succulent herbs, terrestrial, epiphytic or growing on rocks; stems erect, prostrate, spreading or climbing, the vascular anatomy resembling that of monocotyledons
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, thin to thick and succulent, even ± globose, glabrous or pubescent with simple or branched hairs; petioles usually present; stipules absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, numerous, congested or lax, in simple spikes or inflorescences of many spikes arranged in panicles, usually white, cream or green, sessile, sometimes borne in depressions in the rhachis; bracts round or ovate, peltate, glabrous or fimbriate, usually with gland dots
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, borne at base of the ovary, soon deciduous; anthers subglobose or ellipsoid, 2-thecous, with filaments usually much shorter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 1 (rarely 2), sessile or style developed, simple or sometimes sunken, usually fimbriate, apical, subapical on the abaxial side and usually oblique or at base of apical beak
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose, ovoid, ellipsoid, subcylindrical or obovoid, rounded mammiform or with a small style (oblique or adnate shield-shaped or with short beak), sessile, pedicellate, or on flattened pseudopedicel, sticky, smooth or verruculose, affixed basally or subbasally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1; pericarp thin; endocarp slightly hardened.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, often epiphytic, ± succulent; stipules absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual, subtended by small fleshy bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary of a single carpel; style simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a small berry.
Distribution
Genus of perhaps more than 1300 species, the majority in tropical America.
Note
P. abyssinica Miq. and P. tetraphylla (Forst.) Hook. & Arn. were said to occur in Somalia by Düll in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 93: 82, 96 (1973), but the localities cited are in Ethiopia.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Easter Is., Northern Territory, Western Australia

Peperomia Ruiz & Pav. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 25, 2003 SAN [143437], Sabah K000183436
Jan 1, 2003 Lane, P. [53], Cameroon K000180247
Jan 1, 2003 Cable, S. [1123], Cameroon K000180246
Oct 1, 1994 Lane, P. [135], Cameroon K000518910
Oct 1, 1994 Balding, S. [40], Cameroon K000518900
16976.000
Madagascar 17459.000
Madagascar 17561.000
Madagascar 17562.000
Madagascar 18136.000
18137.000
Wild, H. [37629], Zimbabwe 24383.000
Polhill, R. [1779], Tanzania 35287.000
Polhill, R. [1631], Tanzania 35290.000
Cable, S. [1183], Cameroon K000180269
Satabie, B. [246], Cameroon K000182030
Cable, S. [2848], Cameroon K000180263

First published in Fl. Peruv. Prodr.: 8 (1794)

Accepted by

  • Callejas Posada, R. (2020). Flora Mesoamericana 2(2): 1-590. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Mathieu, G. & Callejas Posada, R. (2006). New synonymies in the genus Peperomia Ruiz & Pav. (Piperaceae) - an annotated checklist Candollea 61: 331-363.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"
  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 147

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Düll in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 93: 56–129 (1973).
  • Fl. Peruv. Chilen. Prodr. : 8, t. 2 (1794).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Düll in E.J. 93: 56–129 (1973)
  • Fl. Peruv. Chilen. Prodr.: 8, t. 2 (1794)
  • Tebbs in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 519 (1993)

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/