1. Family: Rutaceae Juss.
    1. Toddalia Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Rutaceae, F. A. Mendoça. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Sarmentose or climbing shrubs; branches, leaves and inflorescences aculeate.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, 3-fbliolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary and terminal panicles.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, 5-merous, unisexual by abortion. Male flowers: stamens 5, inserted at the base of a short gynophore, opposite the sepals; filaments filiform; anthers introrse; ovary vestigial, conical. Female flowers: staminodes filiform; ovary on a short gynophore, 5–7-locular, with 2 ovules in each loculus; stigma disk-shaped, 5-lobed.
    Calyx
    Sepals united to form a cupuliforrn 5-dentate calyx.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, free, imbricate.
    Fruits
    Fruit globose, drupaceous with woody endocarp, 3–7-locular; loculi 1-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, oblong; testa thick; cotyledons linear.
    [FTEA]

    Rutaceae, J.O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Woody scramblers; branches usually armed with prickles
    Leaves
    Leaves trifoliolate, alternate, sometimes aculeate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary and terminal panicles
    Flowers
    Flowers unisexual by abortion, 5-merous, small Female flowers: staminodes filiform; ovary on a short gynophore, 5–7-locular, with 2 ovules in each locule; stigma 3–5-lobed, disk-shaped Male flowers: stamens 5, inserted at the base of a short gynophore, opposite the sepals; filaments filiform; ovary vestigial
    Calyx
    Sepals united to form a cupuliform 5-dentate calyx
    Corolla
    Petals 5, free, imbricate
    Male
    Male flowers: stamens 5, inserted at the base of a short gynophore, opposite the sepals; filaments filiform; ovary vestigial
    Female
    Female flowers: staminodes filiform; ovary on a short gynophore, 5–7-locular, with 2 ovules in each locule; stigma 3–5-lobed, disk-shaped
    Fruits
    Fruit globose, drupaceous, with woody endocarp, 3–7-locular, locule 1-seeded
    Seeds
    Seed oblong-reniform; testa thick; cotyledons linear.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Burundi, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Toddalia Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 371 (1789)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl.: 371 (1789).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Pl.: 371 (1789)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0