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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Tabernaemontana divaricata (Apocynaceae)

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, dichotomously branched, with (1–)2 inflorescences in the forks when flowering; latex white
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweetly scented
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-lobes overlapping to the left and folded inwards in bud, twisted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens mostly included; anthers subsessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary of 2 carpels ± united at the base and connected at the apex by the style
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 2 free or basally united subglobose to subellipsoid fleshy mericarps, dehiscent or not
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds enveloped by a pulpy aril.
Distribution
Genus of about 120 species, pantropical.

[FZ]

Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg & F. K. Kupicha et al. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, repeatedly dichotomously branched and with 2 inflorescences in the forks when flowering (rarely one of the inflorescences not developing).
Morphology Stem
Bark with abundant white latex. Branchlets terete or elliptic on section in African species, often sulcate and angular when dried.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, those of a pair equal or unequal, petiolate (at least in species of the F.Z. area); petioles of a pair connate into a conspicuous ocrea, with colleters in the axils; lamina broadly to narrowly elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence distinctly pedunculate, corymbose, lax to congested.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts de­ciduous, but at least in species of the F.Z. area still present at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, except for the subequal sepals, fragrant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals green or of different colour, almost free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, pale yellow or mauve (Madagascan spp.), with an often green or greenish tube and a pale yellow throat, thick and carnose or thin; tube twisted, in species of the F.Z. area at least twice as long as the calyx; lobes in bud overlapping to the left and folded inwards, twisted, usually obliquely elliptic, usually curved to the right, spreading and often recurved later.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included or less often exserted; filaments reduced to ridges or nearly so; anthers narrowly triangular, acuminate at the sterile apex, sagittate at the base, introrse, dehiscent throughout by a longitudinal slit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary composed of two carpels, these barely to distinctly connate at the base and connected at the apex by the style; style often split at the base; disk absent (at least in species of the F.Z. area); clavuncula not coherent with the anthers and therefore the pistil still complete immediately after the corolla is shed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of two free or basally united subglobose, subellipsoid or pod-like carnose carpels (sometimes one remaining smaller or not developing); carpels opening along an adaxial line of dehiscence or not.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds several or many, enveloped by a thin variously coloured pulpy aril, nearly obliquely ellipsoid, with a deep groove to halfway its width at the hilar side; endosperm ruminate.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees repeatedly dichotomously branched
Morphology General Exudate
Latex present in most parts
Morphology General Bark
Bark smooth or rough, usually with large lenticels
Morphology Branches
Branches with large lenticels and conspicuous leaf scars; branchlets terete, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; petiole glabrous, those of a pair usually connate into a conspicuous ochrea, these frequently widened into intrapetolar stipules, with colleters in axils; blade glabrous on both sides (occasionally pubescent beneath in T. elegans), entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or in forks, corymbose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts deciduous, with colleters in axils, leaving large scars
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, actinomorphic, sweet-scented
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals imbricate in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube thin or thick and fleshy, twisted or not; lobes overlapping to the left, twisted, folded inwards, obliquely ellipsoid and falcate, curved to the right, often auriculate at the left side at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included; filaments short or reduced to ridges; anthers sessile, narrowly triangular, acuminate at the sterile apex, sagittate at the base, with connectives adnate to the corolla
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, of two carpels, barely to distinctly connate at the base, connate at the apex by the style; pistil head not coherent with anthers, subglobose or cylindrical with 5 suborbicular or elliptic lobes at the apex and an entire undulate or lobed ring at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of two separate or rarely basally united mericarps, subglobose to pod-like, baccate, dehiscent or not; aril pulpy, white, orange or red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown or black, with a deep groove on the hilar sides; endosperm copious, starchy, white, ruminate; embryo spatulate

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cook Is., Hawaii, Marquesas

Tabernaemontana Plum. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2005 Prance, G.T. [5076], Brazil K000989475
Aug 1, 2000 Harley, R.M. [11141], Brazil K000989476
Milliken, W. [863], Sulawesi 64607.000
Mbani, J. M. [95], Cameroon K000086224
Rand, E.S. [6], Brazil K000989478
Zappi, D.C. [448], Brazil K000989474
Parkinson, C.E. [413], Myanmar Rejoua 14627.000
Forman, L. [188] Pagiantha 6406.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 210 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —Pichon in Notulae Syst. 13: 230 (1948).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Leeuwenberg in Adansonia, Sér. 2, 16: 390 (1976).
  • Pichon in Not. Syst. 13: 247 (1947).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 210 (1753).
  • Stapfin, F.T.A. 4, 1: 150 (1902)
  • in Mém. Mus. Nation. Hist. Nat., Paris Sér. 2, 27: 225 (1949).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Leeuwenberg, A revision of Tabernaemontana, 1. The Old World species (1991).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Leeuwenberg in Revision Tabernaemontana 1: 1–204 (1991)
  • Sp. Pl.: 210 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/