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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Rauvolfia

[FZ]

Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg & F. K. Kupicha et al. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or rhizomatous undershrubs with white latex.
Morphology General Spines
Spines, tendrils and stipules absent.
Morphology Stem
Branches terminating in 0–5 branchlets accompanied by 5–0 inflorescences; branch-nodes marked by a distinctive ring of numerous colleters confined to the leaf axils and the interpetiolar region.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves verticillate, 3–6 together, in some species on some nodes opposite, those of a whorl often unequal in size and shape.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, sometimes seemingly lateral, few- to many-flowered, cymes; the first ramification umbellate or corymbose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ac-tinomorphic or in some species slightly zygomorphic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes connate at the base only, without colleters inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla hypocrateriform, infundibuliform, urceolate or campanulate, glabrous outside; tube cylindrical, slightly constricted below the insertion of the stamens; lobes in bud contorted and overlapping to the left.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted above the middle of the corolla tube; filaments short; anthers free from each other and the pistil, included, glabrous, basifixed, cordate at the base, mucronate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, composed of two, free or partly to completely fused carpels and with 1-2 ovules; disk annular or cyathiform, entire or lobed; style cylindrical; clavuncula conspicuous, bi-apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits apocarpous or partly to completely syncarpous drupes; often only 1 carpel developing; each carpel with a single stone containing a single seed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds laterally compressed, obliquely ovate or elliptic; embryo large, surrounded by a thin carnous endosperm.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, rarely rhizomatous undershrubs (but not in our area), with white latex in all parts, often candelabrum-shaped; branches in whorls of 3–5; branchlets glabrous to lanate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in whorls of 3–6, sometimes opposite on lower nodes, often confined to apices of branchlets, with numerous colleters in leaf axils; blade glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, rarely axillary, umbellate, lax or congested, few–many-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, fragrant
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals connate at the base, slightly unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla variously shaped; lobes in bud overlapping to the left
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included or exserted; filaments short; anthers mucronate or apiculate at the apex, cordate at the base, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior of two free to syncarpous carpels, glabrous; disk annular or cupular, entire, undulate or slightly crenate, glabrous; pistil head cylindrical, with a basal collar and bifid stigmoid apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of two apocarpous or partly to completely syncarpous drupes each with a single stone
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds laterally compressed, obliquely ovoid or ellipsoid, with a large embryo; embryo surrounded by a thin endosperm.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marquesas, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Queensland

Rauvolfia Plum. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Heyne, B. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132396
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132398
Wight, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132397
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Nepal K001132395
Schatz, G.E. [876], Brazil K000903528
Giulietti, A.M. [PCD5498], Brazil K001062104
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132399
Ekema, N. [921], Cameroon K000436285
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132400

First published in Sp. Pl.: 208 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 4, 1: 108, as Rauwolfia

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl. 1: 208 (1753).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Sp. Pl. 1: 208 (1753)
  • van Dilst & Leeuwenberg in B.J.B.B. 61: 21–69 (1991)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/