Skip to main content
  1. Family: Berberidaceae Juss.
    1. Berberis L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. to Tropical Mountains.


    Berberidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Evergreen or deciduous shrubs; branches with usually 3-partite spines and short axillary shoots bearing the leaves.
    Stipules absent.
    Leaves apparently simple but (in our species at least) derived from 3-foliolate leaves, the side leaflets represented by vestigial leaflets and the terminal leaflet articulated at the base.
    Flowers in panicles, racemes, fascicles or solitary, yellowish or orange.
    Sepals c. 9, petaloid, free, imbricate, the outer smaller than the inner.
    Petals 6, free, imbricate, in two series, similar to the sepals but biglandular near the base.
    Stamens 6, free; anthers opening by two valves.
    Ovules few, basal, erect.
    Fruit a berry.

    Berberidaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

    Evergreen or deciduous shrubs or subshrubs
    Branches usually with simple or compound spines, which subtend short shoots bearing the leaves and flowers
    Leaves in fascicles or whorls, sessile or shortly petiolate, simple or with 2 vestigial leaflets at the base; blade toothed or entire
    Flowers solitary or in fascicles, umbels, racemes or panicles
    Sepals in (1–)2–3(–4) series or whorls, petaloid, usually with 1–2(–3) smaller bracteoles below
    Petals (5–)6, shorter or longer than the sepals, with 2 glands near the base
    Stamens 6; filaments ± dentate at the apex, the connectives sometimes produced; anthers opening by valves
    Ovary with 1–12(–15) basal ascending ovules
    Fruit a berry.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Argentina South, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Malawi, Manchuria, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northwest European R, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, Somalia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia

    Introduced into:

    Connecticut, Delaware, Denmark, Falkland Is., Finland, Great Britain, Iowa, Ireland, Kansas, Maine, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Michigan, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North European Russi, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Portugal, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., South Australia, Sweden, Vermont, Victoria, Wisconsin

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Berberis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wilson [1707] 33749.000
    Ward, K. [5936] 11938.000
    Bowden, J.K. [586] 37701.000
    Bowden, J.K. [578] 37761.000
    Simmons [Guiz 158], China Mahonia 55801.000


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 330 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 153 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 330 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 153 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 330 (1753)


    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.