Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit to W. Transcaucasus, Tropical African Mountains, Arabian Peninsula.
Erica arborea

[FTEA]

Ericaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree 0.3– 7.5 m high, trunk diameter to at least 5 cm; much-branched, with ascending branches, the branches red-brown; stems pubescent with short smooth hairs and longer dendritic hairs to 1 mm.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in whorls of 3– 4, appressedor ascending, needle-like, 2– 6.5 mm long, 0.5– 1 mm wide, margins minutely denticulate, glabrous; petiole 0.4– 0.7 mm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers clustered towards the end of short lateral branches, where their density may give impression of continuous flowers along branches; pedicels 1.5– 4 mm long, glabrous or rarely with a few hairs, with bract and 2 ciliolate bracteoles to 1.3 mm long below the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4-merous, 1.1– 1.9 mm long, the lobes ovate, 0.6– 1.2 mm long, ciliolate (sometimes with dendritic hairs) to glabrous, saccate at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or pink, campanulate, pendulous, 1.5– 4 mm long, widest at the mouth or almost so; stamens 8, included in corolla, anthers bifid and dehiscing by an oblique pore, with two small dorsal/basal appendages; disc present; ovary glabrous, style 0.5– 2 mm long, stigma capitate, 0.2– 0.5 mm in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a glabrous capsule.
Figures
Fig. 3.
Habitat
Dominant in a zone above the forest on many mountains, and probably a pyrophyte; also in open forest, bamboo, grassland, and on upper moorland, often in rocky places; often together with Stoebe, Artemisia, Faurea or Protea; (1600– )2000– 3900(– 4500) m
Distribution
Chad (Tibesti), Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan, Ethiopia, SomaliaNorth Africa and Europe from the Canary Is. and N Spain to the Black Sea region and Saudi Arabia and Yemen K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 U1 U2 U3

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Chad, Corse, East Aegean Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Madeira, Morocco, Portugal, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Great Britain, New Zealand North, New Zealand South

Erica arborea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1927 Schimper [4], Ethiopia K000313832
Jan 1, 1927 Schimper [4], Ethiopia K000313833
Jan 1, 1927 Schimper [1789], Ethiopia K000313834
Jan 1, 1927 Franqueville [s.n.], Ethiopia K000313835
Jan 1, 1927 Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000313836
Jan 1, 1927 Roth [395], Ethiopia K000313837
Jan 1, 1927 Schimper [668], Ethiopia K000313838

First published in Sp. Pl.: 353 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Geerinck, D. (2009). Révision du genre Erica L. (Ericaceae) en Afrique centrale Taxonomania 28: 6-16.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
  • Nelson, E.C. (2011). Hardy Heathers from the Northern Hemisphere: 1-442. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspectus Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Nelson, E.C. (2011). Hardy Heathers from the Northern Hemisphere: 1-442. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 170 (1994).
  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 444 (1994).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 116 (1962).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 302 (1895).
  • Engl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 509 (1914).
  • Hamilton, Uganda For. Trees: 80 (1981).
  • Hedberg & Hedberg in Fl. Eth. 4, 1: 46, fig. 133.1 (2003).
  • I. Hansen in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 75: 37– 43 (1950).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 192 (1949).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 353 (1753).
  • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 140 (1957).
  • Oliv., Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 483 (1877).
  • Pic. Serm. & Heiniger in Webbia 9: 12– 28 (1953).
  • Webb & Rix in Fl. Europ. 3: 7 (1972).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/