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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia to E. Tropical Africa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Herbs, sometimes gynodioecious or dioecious
Inflorescences
Inflorescences thyrse-like, dense (in Somali species); bracts ± leaf-like; cymes 1–many-flowered; bracteoles shorter or longer than the calyces
Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, 15-ribbed; lobes subequal or slightly unequal-Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip straight, shallowly hooded or flat, 2-lobed or emarginate; lower lip longer than the upper lip, 3-lobed with a larger often concave and/or dentate midlobe
Stamens
Stamens directed to the upper lip of the corolla, posterior pair longer; thecae divaricate
Style
Style-branches almost equally long
Fruits
Nutlets ellipsoid, with a prominent areole at the scar, tuberculate at least in the apical part (in the Somali species).
Distribution
Genus with over 250 species in India and the temperate parts of the Old World.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Habit
Subshrubs or annual or perennial herbs, aromatic, sometimes gynodioecious
Leaves
Leaves simple
Inflorescences
Inflorescences thyrsoid, cymes lax to congested, pedunculate or sessile, axillary, distant, or crowded into spike-like or ovoid heads
Bracts
Bracts leaf-like or reduced, sometimes longer than calyx
Bracteoles
Bracteoles inconspicuous
Calyx
Calyx tubular to campanulate, actinomorphic to strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), or rarely with lips entire, lobes subequal to unequal, throat straight to strongly oblique
Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), blue, violet, pink, yellow or white, posterior lip straight or curved, anterior lip with median lobe concave or ± flat, undulate or entire, tube included in or exserted from calyx, straight or curved, gradually or ± abrupt
Stamens
Stamens of hermaphrodite flowers 4, rarely 2 with anterior pair absent, usually shorter than corolla, filaments parallel, thecae divergent at 180° (stamens of male-sterile flowers rudimentary)
Stigma
Stigma-lobes subequal
Disc
Disc 4-lobed
Fruits
Nutlets ellipsoid to obovoid, rounded to acuminate, smooth to tuberculate, glabrous or hairy at apex, mucilaginous or not.
Note
2n = 14, 16, 18, 30, 32, 34, 36, 54.  Over 200 species. For a synopsis of infrageneric classification, see Budantsev (1993).
Ecology
Mainly in mountains, semi-deserts and steppes
Distribution
Eurasia, extending into North Africa. Introduced to New Zealand, Northern America and Southern South America. Doubtfully present in Russian Far East

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Nepeta, RM Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Habit
Herbs, aromatic
Stem
Stems quadrangular, with simple hairs, glandular or not
Leaves
Leaves undivided, crenate, lower ones ± petiolate, upper ones often sessile
Inflorescences
Inflorescences thyrsoid, the cymes lax or congested, sessile or pedunculate, often crowded into heads or spikes; bracts leaf-like to reduced; bracteoles present
Calyx
Calyx tubular to campanulate, straight or curved, slightly to strongly 2-lipped, the mouth straight or oblique, the tube strongly 15-veined; posterior lip with 3 teeth, lower with 2
Corolla
Corolla white to yellow or blue, 2-lipped; posterior lip short, ± straight, shortly 2-lobed; anterior lip with a concave or flat, bearded, often crenate middle lobe and two small lateral lobes
Stamens
Stamens 4, sometimes rudimentary in male sterile flowers, ascending under posterior lip of corolla; posterior pair longer than the anterior pair; anthers with thecae divergent at 180°
Disc
Disk 4-lobed
Ovary
Ovary deeply 4-lobed, style gynobasic, exserted, shortly 2-lobed
Fruits
Nutlets ellipsoid to obovoid, smooth or tuberculate, with a conspicuous abscission scar, mucilaginous or not when wetted.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, aromatic
Leaves
Leaves entire to bipinnate
Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid, cymes sessile, terminal, crowded into spike-like, usually unbranched heads
Bracts
Bracts, except sometimes the lowest, reduced, sometimes broadly ovate, coloured, or subulate, inconspicuous
Bracteoles
Bracteoles subulate, inconspicuous
Calyx
Calyx straight or weakly oblique, actinomorphic or 2-lipped, 5-lobed, lobes ovate-oblong to lanceolate, acute or attenuate into spinulose awns, sinuses between anterior teeth with swollen folds at base
Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), white or blue-violet, posterior lip straight, anterior lip with median lobe flat or scarcely concave, entire to crenate, tube included or scarcely exserted from calyx, gradually widening above
Stamens
Stamens with anterior pair antrorsely bent, posterior pair arcuate-ascending under upper lip, thecae divergent at 90° or at an acute angle
Stigma
Stigma-lobes subequal
Disc
Disc 4-lobed
Fruits
Nutlets oblong to elliptic, smooth, mucilaginous or not.
Note
2n = 12.  Three species.
Ecology
Steppes
Distribution
Southern Siberia, Mongolia and China.

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[LKGF]
Use
Some cultivated for medicinal use or ornament.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Azores, Belgium, British Columbia, California, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sweden, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Nepeta L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 570 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Hassan, T., Dar, G.H.& Khuroo,A.A. (2011). Taxonomic status of the genus Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae) in Kashmir Himalaya, India Iranian Journal of Botany 17: 181-188.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 250 (2004)
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 249 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 570 (1753)

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Budantsev, Bot. Zhurn. 78,1: 91-105 (1993), rev.
  • Kudrjaschevia Pojark (1953).
  • Pitardia Batt. ex Pit., Contr. Fl. Maroc: 31 (1918).
  • Afridia Duthie, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 11: 696 (1898).
  • Schizonepeta (Benth.) Briq. in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3a): 235 (1896).
  • Oxynepeta Bunge, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 21(1): 58 (1878).
  • Saussuria Moench, Methodus: 388 (1794).
  • Saccilabium Rottb., Acta Lit. Univ. Hafn. 1: 294 (1778).
  • Cataria Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 192 (1763).
  • Nepeta L., Sp. Pl. 2: 570 (1753)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0