1. Family: Putranjivaceae Endl. ex Meisn.
    1. Drypetes Vahl

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious trees or shrubs.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum simple.
    Buds
    Buds perulate (furnished with protective scales) or not.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, stipulate, shortly petiolate; blades simple, entire or toothed, usually asymmetrical at the base, often coriaceous, penninerved.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in leaf axils or axils of recently fallen leaves, or cauliflorous on branches or trunk, fasciculate, usually pedicellate. Male flowers: sepals 4–5(6), imbricate, broad, concave, often unequal; petals absent; stamens (3)4–30(50), filaments free, anthers usually introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; disk intrastaminal, sometimes convoluted and enfolding the stamens; pistillode minute or absent. Female flowers: sepals caducous, otherwise as in male flowers; hypogynous disk annular, cupular or absent; ovary 1–2(4)-locular, with 2 ovules per loculus; styles usually very short or almost obsolete, stigmas dilated and variously shaped.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous; pericarp somewhat fleshy, becoming hardened on drying; endocarp coriaceous, chartaceous or osseous.
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary per loculus or fruit by abortion, ecarunculate, sometimes with a thin sarcotesta; endosperm copious; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious, polygamo-dioecious or more rarely monoecious trees or shrubs with a simple indumentum
    Buds
    Buds sometimes perulate
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or toothed, commonly asymmetrical at the base, often coriaceous, penninerved
    Flowers
    Flowers fasciculate, axillary, or cauliflorous on the older branches or trunk, usually pedicellate Female flowers: sepals as in ♂; disc hypogynous, annular, cupular or rarely 0; ovary 1–4-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles usually short or 0; stigmas thick, flattened, sometimes subpeltate, bifid, reniform or discoid Male flowers: buds usually globose; sepals 4–5, imbricate, broad, concave, often unequal; petals 0; stamens 3–12(–50); filaments free, anthers erect, commonly introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; disc central, flat, cupular, ± entire, lobed, laciniate or plicate, sometimes enfolding the filaments; pistillode 0 or minute
    Male
    Male flowers: buds usually globose; sepals 4–5, imbricate, broad, concave, often unequal; petals 0; stamens 3–12(–50); filaments free, anthers erect, commonly introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; disc central, flat, cupular, ± entire, lobed, laciniate or plicate, sometimes enfolding the filaments; pistillode 0 or minute
    Female
    Female flowers: sepals as in ♂; disc hypogynous, annular, cupular or rarely 0; ovary 1–4-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles usually short or 0; stigmas thick, flattened, sometimes subpeltate, bifid, reniform or discoid
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose, ovoid or ellipsoid drupe; pericarp somewhat fleshy, becoming indurated on drying; endocarp coriaceous, papery or bony, 1–4-locular
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary by abortion, ecarunculate, albumen fleshy, embryo straight, cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Marianas, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Drypetes Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2014 Buchanan-Hamilton, F. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132917
    May 1, 2013 Thomas, D.W. [1079], Cameroon K000027921
    Jan 1, 1966 Onochie, C.F.A. [31196], Cameroon K000181067
    Troupin, G. [3439], Congo, DRC 5192.000
    Olorunfemi, J. [35662], Nigeria 15731.000
    Olorunfemi [30636], Cameroon 4342.000
    Cheek, M. [10398], Cameroon 61928.000
    Harris, D.J. [702], Central African Republic 55581.000
    Harris, D.J. [4941], Central African Republic 60030.000
    Harris, D.J. [4953], Central African Republic 60032.000
    Harris, D.J. [4982], Central African Republic 60033.000
    Harris, D.J. [2366], Central African Republic 60038.000
    Harris, D.J. [2876], Central African Republic 60044.000
    Harris, D.J. [2310], Central African Republic 60063.000
    Harris, D.J. [2369], Central African Republic 62978.000
    Harris, D.J. [2615], Central African Republic 63054.000
    Harris, D.J. [828], Central African Republic 63390.000
    McWhirter, J. [250], Madagascar 32195.000
    Timberlake, J. [4907], Mozambique K000545257
    Timberlake, J. [4917], Mozambique K000545267

    First published in Eclog. Amer. 3: 49 (1807)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 15: 229–279.
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 674
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Eclog. Amer., part 3: 49 (1807).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(15): 229 (1922)
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 674 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 278 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 453 (1866)
    • Eclog. Amer. 3: 49 (1807)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0