1. Family: Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.
    1. Ardisia Sw.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Myrsinaceae, P. Halliday. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Shrubs, trees or woody herbs, hermaphrodite or ♀
    Leaves
    Leaves usually marked with dark, often raised dots or streaks
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, with a bract-covered peduncle shorter than or equalling the petioles and bearing less than 12 flowers
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous
    Perianth
    Sepals and petals imbricate, the latter shortly united and sometimes contorted in bud
    Stamens
    Stamens subsessile on lower 1/3 of petals; anthers large, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, often adnate in bud
    Pistil
    Ovary with several to many ovules in several rows but in African species usually with placenta bearing few ovules which are in 1 row on the upper half of the placenta and attached basally to it; style long, slender; stigma minute, punctiform
    Fruits
    Fruit globose, 1-seeded; endocarp brittle
    Seeds
    Seed globose, covered by remnants of placenta; embryo transverse, straight or slightly curved.
    [KBu]

    Julius, A. & Utteridge, T.M.A. Kew Bull (2012) 67: 379. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-012-9374-4

    Habit
    Herbs or low subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves subopposite, subverticillate or crowded towards the stem apex, rarely alternate; margins finely and densely serrate or serrulate-denticulate (rarely nearly entire), lacking marginal glands
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, in axils of fully-developed or bract-like leaves; simple racemes appearing umbellate or corymbose or compound-racemose (appearing umbellate-paniculate)
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous; sepals spreading at anthesis, not or scarcely overlapping; filaments short or very short; styles inserted before anthesis; ovules few to many in 1 – 3 series.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Bermuda, Cook Is., Hawaii, Mauritius, Northern Territory, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is.

    Ardisia Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Forman, L. [178], Indonesia 7019.000
    Thomas, D.W. [388], Cameroon K000027702
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 9128], Malaysia K001132247
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000802073
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000802075
    Lyne [150], Tanzania K000791916
    Lyne [150], Tanzania K000802074

    First published in Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 48 (1788)

    Accepted by

    • Jackes, B.R. (2009). Taxonomic revision of Australian Myrsinaceae: Ardisia Sw. and Terardisia Mez Austrobaileya 8: 1-23.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mez in E.P. IV. 236: 57 (1901)
    • Prodr.: 3, 48 (1788)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0