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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.
Celosia trigyna L.

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, erect, simple or branching from near the base upwards, (8) 30–120 (180) cm.
Morphology Stem
Stem and branches green to reddish, sulcate or striate, glabrous or with short, few-celled hairs especially about the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly lanceolate to broadly ovate, occasionally (mostly in S. Africa) with a broad, obtuse lateral lobe on each side near the base, acute to acuminate, glabrous or with short, few-celled hairs on the inferior surface about the base; lamina of main stem leaves (1) 2–8.5 (10) × (0.4) 1–4 (5) cm., subcordate to truncate or attenuate below, the lower margins often scabrid, more or less decurrent along the slender, up to more or less 5 cm. long petiole; superior and branch leaves smaller and often narrower, more shortly petiolate; all leaves often fallen by the fruiting stage.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, simple or branched spike-like thyrses more or less 6.5–35 cm. long, formed of distant or (at least above) approximate, few-to many-flowered lax or congested and subglobose, white or pinkish clusters 2–20 (30) mm. in diam., in well-grown individuals the superior leaves much reduced so that a terminal panicle is formed; inflorescence axis glabrous or furnished with multicellular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts and bracteoles ovate to ovate-elliptic, c. 1.25–2 mm. long, scarious with a darker nerve, margins minutely (or more coarsely at the base) erose-denticulate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals ovate-elliptic, 1.75–2.75 mm. long, shortly mucronate with excurrent midrib, glabrous, scarious with a narrow less translucent band along the midrib, margins minutely denticulate at least above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Free portion of filaments subequalling the sheath, sinuses rounded with no intermediate teeth; anthers reddish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 2–3, longer than the very short style; ovary 6–8-ovulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 1.75–2.25 mm. long, included or a little exserted, rounded and not thickened at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 0.75 mm. in diam., compressed, black, shining, with a rather fine reticulate pattern, the areolae only slightly convex.

[FWTA]

Amaranthaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Laxly erect annual herb, decumbent below, 6–24 in. high, or straggling up a support to about 4 ft.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white with pink stamens
Ecology
A frequent weed in waste places in savannah and forest regions.

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, erect, simple or branching from near the base upwards, (8–)30–120(–180) cm.
Morphology Stem
Stem and branches green to reddish, sulcate or striate, glabrous or with subscabrid, short, few-celled hairs especially about the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly lanceolate to broadly ovate, acute to acuminate, glabrous or with short few-celled hairs on the lower surface about the base; lamina of the leaves from main stem (10–)20–85(–100) × (4–)10–40(–50) mm., subcordate to truncate or attenuate below, the lower margins often scabrid, ± decurrent along the slender, up to ± 5 cm. petiole; upper and branch leaves smaller and often narrower, more shortly stalked; all leaves often deciduous by the time of fruiting.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, simple or branched spike-like condensed thyrses ± 6.5–35 cm. long, formed of distant or (at least above) approximate few-many-flowered lax or congested and subglobose white or pinkish clusters 2–20(–30) mm. in diameter, in well-grown individuals the upper leaves much reduced so that a terminal panicle is formed; inflorescence-axis glabrous or sparingly furnished with multicellular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts and bracteoles ovate to oval-elliptic, ± 1.25–2 mm., scarious with a single nerve, margins minutely (often more coarsely at the base) erose-denticulate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments oval-elliptic, 1.75–2.75 mm., shortly mucronate with the percurrent single nerve, glabrous, scarious with a narrow less translucent vitta along the nerve, margins minutely denticulate, at least above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Free portion of filaments subequalling the sheath, sinuses rounded with no intermediate teeth; anthers red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 2–3, longer than the very short style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 6–8-ovulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 1.75–2.25 mm., included or a little exserted, rounded and not thickened at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± 0.75 mm., compressed, black, shining, with a rather fine reticulate pattern, the areolae being only very slightly convex.
Habitat
Most frequently as a weed of abandoned or currently cultivated arable land, also in forest clearings, along woodland paths and roadsides, in short grassland or on damp ground by rivers; 1–1500 m.
Distribution
K2 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 practically throughout tropical Africarecently recorded as naturalised in Florida

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb, simple or branched, (80–)30–120(–180) cm
Morphology General Indumentum
Stem, branches and inflorescence axis glabrous or with short multicellular hairs mostly at the nodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly ovate to narrowly lanceolate, acute or acuminate, main stem-leaves 1–10 x 0.4–5 cm, glabrous or with scattered short few-celled glands on the lower surface towards the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, white to pinkish, thyrsoid, simple or branched, dense or with the cymes distant, 6.5–35 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals elliptic-ovate, 1.7–2.75 mm, hyaline with a less pellucid central vitta, midrib shortly excurrent, the margins ± erose-denticulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 6–10-ovulate, the stigmas much longer than the very short style
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, obtuse, not incrassate at the apex, 1.75–2.25 mm.
Distribution
S3 widespread in tropical Africa, also in Namibia, S Africa, Madagascar, Arabia and Madeira, naturalised elsewhere.
Ecology
Altitude range 90 m.

[FWTA]

Amaranthaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A straggling herb, climbing in low forest-regrowth, to 10 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white
Ecology
Rare in savannah.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Florida

Celosia trigyna L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2008 Festo, L. [2397], Kenya K000438609
May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1553], Cameroon K000051098
May 1, 1979 Lowe J. [3811], Cameroon K000025533
Jan 1, 1952 Baldwin, J.T. Jr. [10025], Liberia K000211386
Johnston H. H. [0s.n.32], Cameroon K000025528 Unknown type material
Ekema, N. [437], Cameroon K000518866
Vebrun, J. [6977], Congo, DRC K001089639 syntype
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6995], Cameroon K000025530
Maitland, T.D. [211], Cameroon K000025537
Hambler, D. J. [229], Cameroon K000025541
Maitland, T.D. [211], Cameroon K000025535
Maitland, T.D. [38], Cameroon K000025534
Hutchinson, J. [96], Cameroon K000025539
Bos, J.J. [2670], Liberia K000211385
Morton, J.K. [7045], Cameroon K000025540
Maitland, T.D. [211], Cameroon K000025536
Dunlap [172], Cameroon K000025538
Chuml, H. [546], Cameroon K000025529

First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 212 (1771)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Berhaut, J. (1971). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 1: 1-626. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 527.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 19

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. C. Townsend [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 132 (1974).
  • C.C. Townsend in Hook., Ic. Pl. 38(2) 27, t. 3729 (1975).
  • Cavaco in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. B, 13: 44 (1962).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 56 (1953).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 102 (1962).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 117 (1950).
  • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 172 (1895).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 17 (1951).
  • J. G. Baker & C. B. Clarke in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 19 (1909).
  • L., Mant. Pl. Alt.: 212 (1771).
  • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 208 (1932).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 126 (1948).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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