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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific, Tropical & Subtropical America.
Justicia hyssopifolia


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire, simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in axillary or terminal spikes or clusters; bracts and bracteoles present, sometimes enlarged
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5-lobed (5-lobed in Somalia)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip usually shallowly 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2; anthers 2-celled with one cell above the other and the lowest one usually tailed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2–4-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds smooth or variously ornamented.
Genus of some 900 species, mainly in the tropics.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Christmas I., Cook Is., Fiji, Hawaii, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion, Sicilia, St.Helena, Taiwan, Venezuelan Antilles

Justicia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2013 Tchiengue, B. [2518], Cameroon K000745926
Aug 1, 2013 Groeninckx, I. [352], Madagascar K000662464
Sep 1, 2007 Luke, W. R. Q. [11687], Kenya K000469024
Jan 1, 1996 Schoenenberger, J. [15], Cameroon K000198724
Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1175], Mexico K000064770
Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1191], Mexico K000064775
Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1195], Mexico K000064769
Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1188], Mexico K000064772
Drummond, R.B. [2289], Tanzania 13091.000
Verdcourt, B. [665], Kenya 13092.000
Chancellor, R.J. [177], Uganda 13093.000
Hornby, R.M. [755 or 2083], Tanzania 13094.000
Keay, R.W.J. [25389], Nigeria 13095.000
Tweedie, E.M. [510], Kenya 2884.000
Hemsley, J.H. [1465], Tanzania 2885.000
Tweedie, E.M. [844], Kenya 2888.000
Tweedie, E.M. [824], Kenya 2890.000
Drummond, R.B. [4452], Kenya 2892.000
Scott, H [239], Ethiopia 2893.000
Bogdan, A. [3702], Kenya 2894.000
Chancellor, R.J. [177], Uganda 2895.000
Verdcourt, B. [837], Uganda 2896.000
Gillett, J.B. [13969], Kenya 2897.000
Fanshawe, D.B. [29], Zambia 2899.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10953], Tanzania 2900.000
Robinson, E.A. [210], Zambia 2901.000
Drummond, R.B. [1776], Tanzania 4256.000
Verdcourt, B. [788], Tanzania 4257.000
Drummond, H.B. [2100], Tanzania 4259.000
Hornby, R.M. [2083 or 755], Tanzania 4263.000
Keay, R.W.J. [25602], Nigeria 4264.000
Beentje, H.J. [4738], Madagascar 60563.000
Beentje, H.J. [4683], Madagascar 62894.000
Richards, H.M. [4870], Zambia K000419239 holotype
Richards, H.M. [4870], Zambia K000419240 holotype
Bidgood, S. [6022], Tanzania K000468403
Palmer, E. [4021], Mexico K000064798
Langlassé, E. [635], Mexico K000064803
Hinton, G.B. [12524], Mexico K000064789
Hinton, G.B. [10955], Mexico K000064792
Hinton, G.B. [11478], Mexico K000064794
Peterson, K.M. [432], Mexico K000064771
Gourlay, W.B. [5], Mexico K000064773
Hinton, G.B. [15845], Mexico K000064774
Hinton, G.B. [16104], Mexico K000064778
Hahn, M., Mexico K000064784
Gaumer, G.F., Mexico K000064785
Hinton, G.B. [15189], Mexico K000064786
Hinton, G.B. [1028], Mexico K000064788
Tanzania K000046865
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132338
Zampieri, C. [62], Brazil K001033582
Onishi, E. [336], Brazil K001033585
Krukoff, B.A. [5133], Brazil K001033654
Ferreira, A.R. [281], Brazil K001033655
Prance, G.T. [58905], Brazil K001033664
Kuhlmann, M. [s.n.], Brazil K001033665
Irwin, H.S. [20584], Brazil K001033672
Lindeman, J.C. [2138], Brazil K001033682
Mori, S.A. [11495], Brazil K001033683
Prance, G.T. [15796], Brazil K001033692
Hill, S.R. [12823], Brazil K001033703
Pires, J.M. [48853], Brazil K001033699
Glaziou [11346], Brazil K001033694
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4599], Brazil K001033706
Hinton, G.B. [16061], Mexico K000064776
Glaziou, A. [13081], Brazil K001033688
Calderon, C.E. [2693], Brazil K001033580
Hinton, G.B. [16063], Mexico K000064802
Amaral, I.L. [1093], Brazil K001033571
Glaziou, A. [21885/a], Brazil K001033684
Hinton, G.B. [5190], Mexico K000064777
Burchell [7580], Brazil K001033658
Sperling, C.R. [6033], Brazil K001033592
Prance, G.T. [13910], Brazil K001033691
Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001033652
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132510
Prance, G.T. [58661], Brazil K001033588
Ferreira, C.A.C. [6293], Brazil K001033657
Teixeira, L.O.A. [521], Brazil K001033679
Hemming, J.H. [23], Brazil K001033587
Trail, J.W.H. [658], Brazil K001033696
Rico, L. [1006], Mexico K000064793
Mueller, F. [163], Brazil K001033686
Harley, R.M. [20160], Brazil K001033576
González O., J. [1B], Mexico K000064795
Paula- Zárete, E.L. [257], Brazil K001033676
Sperling, C.R. [6026], Brazil K001033570
Rosa, N.A. [1098], Brazil K001033594
Ferreira, A.R. [784], Brazil K001033653
Lleras, E. [P/16868], Brazil K001033705
MacDougall, T. [H106], Mexico K000064787
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4802], Brazil K001033573
Steward, W.C. [P/13104], Brazil K001033579
Silva, M.B. [164], Brazil K001033662
Bolland [17], Brazil K001033677
Pires, J.M. [51267], Brazil K001033589
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4502], Brazil K001033574
Prance, G.T. [13729], Brazil K001033581
Prance, G.T. [12229], Brazil K001033578
Burchell [7580], Brazil K001033661
González O., J. [636], Mexico K000064797
Philcox, D. [4049], Brazil K001033586
Anderson, W.R. [10757], Brazil K001033572
Calderon, C.E. [2897], Brazil K001033702
Hinton, G.B. [10855], Mexico K000064791
Hinton, G.B. [10316], Mexico K000064801
Harley, R.M. [10581], Brazil K001033681
Mendonça, R.C. [2140], Brazil K001033690
Sperling, C.R. [6053], Brazil K001033590
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4834], Brazil K001033575
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4557], Brazil K001033707
Giulietti, A.M. [13758], Brazil K001033689
Hinton, G.B. [16100], Mexico K000064779
Bidgood, S. [6114], Tanzania K000468311
Cavalcanti, T.B. [2371], Brazil K001033583
Rico, L. [2014], Mexico K000265993
Palmer, E. [788], Mexico K000064799
Pires, J.M. [48853], Brazil K001033698
Taylor, E.L. [E/1300], Brazil K001033697
Hunt, D.R. [5890], Brazil K001033584
Sperling, C.R. [6152], Brazil K001033651
Prance, G.T. [1685], Brazil K001033663
Miers, J. [4660], Brazil K001033673
Chautems, A. [80], Brazil K001033678
González O., J. [5589], Mexico K000064780
Ferreira, A.R. [410], Brazil K001033656
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001033693
Krukoff, B.A. [6530], Brazil K001033671
Burchell [5643], Brazil K001033659
Kuhlmann, M. [4339], Brazil K001033685
Kuhlmann, M. [4339], Brazil K001033680
Mendonça, R.C. [3041], Brazil K001033669
Martinelli, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001033701
Calderon, C.E. [2883], Brazil K001033577
Morton, C.V. [2364], Mexico K000064796
Fonseca, M.L. [1241], Brazil K001033668
Martinelli, G. [9100], Brazil K001033593
Mori, S.A. [9376], Brazil K001033666
Mori, S. [10678], Brazil K001033667
Prance, G.T. [7291], Brazil K001033704
Prance, G.T. [12596], Brazil K001033687
Harley, R.M. [18322], Brazil K001033675
Martinelli, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001033700
Dusén, P. [10880], Brazil K001033695
Burchell [7577/2], Brazil K001033660
Krukoff, B.A. [5364], Brazil K001033591
Krukoff, B.A. [6530], Brazil K001033670
Hinton, G.B. [12291], Mexico K000064790
Harley, R.M. [20160], Brazil K001033674
Mexia, Y. [8732], Mexico Jacobinia K000064781
Drummond, R.B. [1998], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 2839.000
Drummond, R.B. [1720], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 2898.000
Drummond, R.B. [2094], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 4296.000
Drummond, R.B. [1874], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 4297.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 15 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Daniel, T.F. & Figueiredo, E. (2009). The California Academy of Sciences Gulf of Guinea Expeditions (2001, 2006, 2008) VII. Acanthaceae of São Tomé and Príncipe Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, IV, 60: 623-674.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (2009). New names, combinations and synonyms in Justicia and Stenostephanus Kew Bulletin 64: 49-55. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 179.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl.: 15 (1753).
  • —Graham in Kew Bull. 43: 551–624 (1988).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Hedrén [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia

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