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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
Aeollanthus repens

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or subshrubs with ± fleshy leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spicate, lax; spikes one-sided; bracts small and distinct from the leaves; bracteoles absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed or 2-lipped in flower, distinctly 2-lipped and closed after anthesis, circumscissile in fruit with the larger apical part deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped; tube usually bent in the basal part; upper lip (3–)4-lobed, almost flat; lower lip slightly longer and boat-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted tightly beside each other near the mouth of the corolla-tube, included in the lower lip of the corolla, free from each other; anthers 1-celled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style-branches equally long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets subglobose or shortly ellipsoid.
Distribution
Genus with 44 species, restricted to tropical and southern Africa, where it is widespread in the highlands.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Usually succulent subshrubs or herbs, often geoxylic, aromatic
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, opposite, rarely ternate or sometimes scattered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid, with cymes variously arranged, sessile, 1-flowered, appearing like paniculately arranged spike-like racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts usually inconspicuous, sometimes with an abaxial glandular structure
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular at base, distally dorsiventrally flattened, ± straight, 2-lipped, 5- or 2-lobed (3/2 or 1/1), lobes unequal, posterior 3-toothed or truncate, apex sometimes folded over anterior lip, anterior 2-toothed or truncate, lips pressed together, cir
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (4/1), white, pink or blue, posterior lip erect or ascending, 4-lobed with median lobes exceeding lateral, horizontal and concave or sometimes hooded and becoming reflexed to explosively release the stamens, corolla-tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, free, held over or within anterior lip of corolla, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma lobes equal, subulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc 4-lobed with anterior lobe larger
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets elliptic or ovoid, mucilaginous.
Note
Just over 40 species in tropical Africa. 2n = 34 (36).
Ecology
Usually on rocks or thin soil.
Distribution
Native to West Tropical Africa, West-Central Tropical Africa, Northeast Tropical Africa, East Tropical Africa, South Tropical Africa, Southern Africa

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Morphology General Habit
Annual and perennial herbs or subshrubs, ± fragrant or odoriferous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, scattered or apparently alternate, ± fleshy, simple, crenate, dentate, pinnatifid or entire, ± hairy with unbranched eglandular and glandular hairs and colourless sessile glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences spike-like, terminal; spikes mostly one-sided, often all-sided on the main axis, sometimes also all-sided on the lateral branches, with fertile bracts supporting the flowers and often also with sterile bracts; bracts usually much smaller and distinct from the leaves, often with a glandular dot on the abaxial side near the apex, often ± purplish to violet
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx subequally 5-lobed or distinctly 2lipped at anthesis, closed and distinctly 2-lipped after anthesis, circumscissile; posterior lip 3-lobed or truncate; anterior lip 2-lobed or truncate; basal part persistent, usually much shorter than the deciduous apical part, orbicular or zygomorphic (when seen from above), flattened above or cupular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, violet, purple, mauve, pink or white; posterior lip flat or almost so, 4-lobed or sometimes apparently entire or 2–3lobed, usually with darker vertical markings; anterior lip boat-shaped or sometimes flat or arched, entire or lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, free and adjacent at the base, ± as long as the anterior lip of the corolla or sometimes shorter; attached to the corolla at the corolla throat and the base of the anterior lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary deeply 4-lobed; style gynobasic, bifid with equal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ovoid to suborbicuolar, apically rounded, flattened at the two proximal sides, glabrous, mucilaginous when wetted.
Note
Kenya, 1939 m, Höhnel 87 or Höhnel s.n. (B†, holo.) Aeollanthus ndorensis Schweinf. in Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 362 (1892), nom. nud.; Schweinf. in L. Höhn., Rudolph-Stephanie-See: 857 (1892); Baker in F.T.A. 5: 398 (1900). Type: Kenya, North Nyeri District: Ndoro on the western slope of Mt Aeollanthus livingstonei C.Koch in Wochenschrift für Gärtnerei und Pflanzenkunde, 3: 183 (1860). Type not known. Type specimens of the following names have not been seen despite an extensive search. Ryding loc. cit. (1986) suggests that these names do not refer to species of Aeollanthus. See Ryding loc. cit. (1986) for complete synonymy.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Aeollanthus C.Mart. ex Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Drummond, R.B. [2538], Tanzania 11385.000
Polhill, R. [1286], Tanzania 23359.000
Eyles, F. [8428], Zimbabwe 2721.000
Dawkins, H.C. [635], Uganda 2722.000
Drummond, R.B. [4389], Kenya 2723.000
Richards, H. [406], Zambia 2724.000
Ash [1040], Ethiopia 35518.000
Bally, P.R.O. [B. 13538], Kenya 35922.000
Kassner, T. [2794], Congo, DRC K000405734

First published in Syst. Veg., 2: 678 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 388.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Ryding in Symb. Bot. Upsal. 26(1): 1–152 (1986).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Nordic J. Bot. 1: 154–164 (1981)
  • Nordic J. Bot. 2: 219–229 (1982)
  • Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 32: 45–48 (1972)
  • Symb. Bot. Upsal. 26, 1: 1–152 (1986)
  • Syst. Veg. 2: 678 (1825)

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Aeollanthus Mart. ex Spreng. Syst. Veg. 2: 750 (1825)
  • Bovonia Chiov., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 29: 114 (1922 publ. 1923).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Icomum Hua, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 3: 329 (1897).
  • Oxyotis Welw. ex Baker in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 395 (1900).
  • Ryding, Symb. Bot. Ups. 26, 1 (1986), rev.

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0