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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat digestive system disorders, skin subcutaneous cellular tissue disorders and unspecified medicinal disorders and as food for bees.
Bidens pilosa

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An erect annual herb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Yellow disk-florets and white ray-florets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits strongly adherent
Note
A common weed of disturbed ground.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, erect, 0.1–1.5 m high; stem much branched or sometimes hardly branched, pale green or sometimes reddish, 4-angled, sparsely pubescent to glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately 3–5-lobed or occasionally simple in upper or lowermost part of stem, up to 15(–20) cm long, segments ovate to ovate-lanceolate, margins serrate or crenate-serrate, sparsely pubescent to glabrous, terminal segment 5–10 cm long, 2.5–5 cm wide, lateral segments 2–5 cm long, 1–2 cm wide and asymmetric, often lobed or bilobed; petiole to 70 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula terminal and solitary or few together; peduncle to 16 cm long; outer phyllaries 7–10, 3–4 mm long, reflexed at anthesis, inner phyllaries 5–8, yellow-green to pale brown, 3–4.5 mm long with yellow scarious margins, glabrous but for the apex; receptacle club-shaped in fruit; paleae light brown, striate, 3–5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray florets white or cream, sometimes absent, neuter or with pistillodes or staminodes, 4–8, rays (when fully developed) 7–15x3–4.5 mm, tube 0.5–0.8 mm long; disc florets yellow or yellow-orange, ± 4 mm long, pubescent at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes black, 4–6-ribbed, linear-tetragonal, 4–12 mm long, strigose or verrucose; aristae 2–3(–4), 2–4 mm long, retrorsely barbed.
Figures
Fig. 172/12–13 (page 805).
Habitat
common weed of cultivation and ruderal sites, often on alluvial sites, also in forest margins and grassland, in swamps and along streams; may be locally common; 0–60 and 750–2500 m
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 pan-tropical and -sub-tropical, also extending into some temperate areas

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Introduced in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 0 - 3100 m.
Vernacular
Taimquala.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb, 0.2–0.75 m high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole 1–3 cm long; blade pinnately 3–5-lobed, occasionally upper and lower leaves simple, segments ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 1-10 x 2-5 cm, thinly hairy or glabrous, serrate or crenate-serrate, the terminal segment often the longest and widest
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Capitula 5–12 x 5–7 mm at anthesis, up to 12 mm high in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Phyllaries
Outer phyllaries green, 7–10, narrowly spathulate, 3–4 x 0.5–0.8 mm Inner phyllaries yellowish-green with yellow scarious margins, 5–8, narrowly ovate-lanceolate, 3–4.5 x 1–1.5 mm
Ray
Ray florets white, 4–8 or sometimes absent, usually neuter or with pistillodes or staminodes, with 5–7 orange striations, 7–15 x 3–4.5 mm, deeply 3-cleft at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk florets with corolla 3–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes black, 4–12 x 0.8–1 mm, tetragonal, strigose or verrucose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Pappus
Pappus aristae 2–4, 2–4 mm long, backwardly barbed.
Distribution
N1; S1, 3 pantropical weed.
Ecology
Altitude range 100–1580 m.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
amapola silvestre, amorseco, cacho de cabra, cadillo, cadillo de huerta, carapacunga, caripacunga, chipa, chipaca, chipaco, mandigüiche, masequía, masiquía, masiquiara, pacunga, papunga, pegapega, picuyo, tapunga, venturosa, abujua

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 3100 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UPB]
Use Animal Food Bees
Bees visit the plants (Giraldo et al. 2011).
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Digestive System Disorders
Used in the treatment of liver disorders (Giraldo et al. 2011).
Use Medicines Skin or Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue Disorders
Leaves - Used in baths (Cadena-González 2010).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Algeria, Angola, Assam, Azores, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Free State, Gabon, Germany, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kermadec Is., Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Line Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Poland, Portugal, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, South China Sea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vietnam, West Himalaya, Wisconsin, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Beggar sticks, Black fellows, Blackjack, Blanket-stabbers, Bur marigold, Cobbler's pegs, Spanish needles, Sweethearts
Spanish
Amargón, corro, tabera, chipaca, masequia, cadillo de huerta, papunga, pecunga, amapola silvestre, cadillo, cadillo de perro, chipaca, masiquia, pacunga.

Bidens pilosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2010 Saw [48208], Peninsular Malaysia K000705402
Jan 1, 2010 Yao [67902], Peninsular Malaysia K0007-5401
Jan 1, 2010 Yao [67902], Peninsular Malaysia K000705401
Jan 1, 2010 Kiew et al. [FRI65549], Malaysia K000662253
Mar 1, 2009 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [6769], Surinam K000373272
Jan 1, 2009 Radifah [FRI 51604], Peninsular Malaysia K000575517
Jan 1, 2009 Ezrom, P. [253], Tanzania K000614940
Jan 1, 2008 Klaasens [EK788], Namibia K000450177
Jan 1, 2004 Ghogue, J.-P. [1066], Cameroon K000746651
Aug 1, 2001 Munyenyembe, P. [724], Cameroon K000746893
Aug 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [3473], Cameroon K000746891
Aug 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [2], Cameroon K000746892
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9036], Cameroon K000108640
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9455], Cameroon K000108636
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1563], Cameroon K000108639
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1337], Cameroon K000108638
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [5655], Cameroon K000108637
Aug 1, 1998 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3533], Bahia K000053620
Aug 1, 1998 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3533], Bahia K000053621
Nov 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD4115], Bahia K000053623
Oct 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3793], Bahia K000053622
Jul 1, 1996 Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3341], Bahia K000053630
Oct 1, 1993 Guedes, M.L. [20], Bahia K000053632
Mar 1, 1993 Carvalho, A.M. [3871], Bahia K000053631
Mar 1, 1993 Hind, D.J.N. [H50015], Bahia K000053628
Mar 1, 1993 Hind, D.J.N. [H50007], Bahia K000053627
Mar 1, 1993 Hind, D.J.N. [H50015], Bahia K000053629
Jan 1, 1992 Carvalho, A.M. [3871], Bahia K000053624
Bally, P.R.O. [5573], Kenya 4733.000
Harley, R.M. [21367], Bahia K000053625
Harley, R.M. [19229], Bahia K000053633
Hooker, J.D. [201], Cape Verde K001041555
Boog [s.n.], Brazil K001103560
Boog [s.n.], Brazil K001103561
Souza, V.C. [32708], Brazil K001103565
Heringer, E.P. [6863], Brazil K001103563
s.coll. [s.n.], Portugal K001103660
Boog [s.n.], Brazil K001103540
Douglas, D. [56], California K001065519 syntype
Douglas, D. [56], California K001065520 syntype
Miguel, G. [27], Brazil K001103568
Eiten, G. [1547], Brazil K001103549
Way, M.J. [SWM/2423], Brazil K001031890
Poiteur, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001103545
Gardner, G. [501], Brazil K000895385
Franco, G.A.D.C. [128], Brazil K001103570
Maas, P.J.M. [332], Brazil K001103562
Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001103571
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001103542
Harley, R.M. [21885], Bahia K000053626
Robert, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001103564
Strang, H.E. [447], Brazil K001103546
Smith, D. [375], Brazil K001103567
Dusén, P. [6519], Brazil K001103541
Castellanos, A. [23211], Brazil K001103569
Harris [9237], Brazil K001103566
Gardner, G. [501], Brazil K000895386
Philcox, D. [3920], Brazil K001103544
Philcox, D. [4202], Brazil K001103543
Way, M.J. [SWM/2423], Brazil K001031889
Sallu, A.N. [551], Tanzania K000612964
Ratter, J.A. [2754], Brazil K001103547
Dusén, P. [14197], Brazil K001103572
Eiten, G. [1547], Brazil K001103548
Cuming [1041], Peru Bidens abadiae K000497417 Unknown type material
Cuming [1041], Peru Bidens abadiae K000497416 Unknown type material
Dec 1, 2008 Bidens odorata K000373098 isotype
Dec 1, 2008 Mexico Bidens odorata K000373097 isotype

First published in Sp. Pl.: 832 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Wisconsin Flora ed. 2: 1-818. Steve W. Chadde.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Prakash, L. & Balasubramanian, P. (2018). Invasive alien flora of Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve in Southern Eastern Ghats, India Indian Forester 144: 857-862.
  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 11, 27, 48
  • Chev. Bot. 373
  • F.T.A. 3: 392
  • Schnell in Ic. Pl. Afr. I.F.A.N. 5: t. 99.
  • Sherff in Publ. Field Mus. 16: 412, t. 99 & 102 (1937)
  • Sp. Pl. 832 (1753)

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Bernal, R., Galeano, G., Rodríguez, A., Sarmiento, H. & Gutiérrez, M. (2017). Nombres comunes de las plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/
  • Cadena-González, A.L. (2010). Study of knowledge on medicinal plants in Zetaquira and Campo Hermoso municipalities (Departamento de Boyacá, Colombia) using quantitative approaches. Faculty of Life Sciences. University of Copenhagen.
  • Giraldo, C., Rodríguez, A., Chamorro, F. J., Obregon, D., Montoya, P., Ramirez, N., . . . Nates-Parra, G. (2011). Guía ilustrada de polen y plantas nativas visitadas por abejas: Cundinamarca, Boyacá, Santander, Sucre, Atlántico y Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2020). https://www.jstor.org/stable/26958715 epublication.
  • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Wisconsin Flora ed. 2: 1-818. Steve W. Chadde.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by Mesfin Tadesse [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Mesfin Tadesse in Kew Bull. 48: 437–516 (1993).
  • Mesfin Tadesse in Symb. Bot. Upsal. 24: 1–138 (1984)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 466 (1974).
  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 217, t. 89 (1994).
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: pl. 90 (1987).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg.) p. 1139 excl. (1967).
  • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 195 (1993).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 174, fig. 113 (1962).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 11 (1956).
  • L., Sp. Pl. 1, 2: 832 (1753).
  • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 136, fig. 32 (1991).
  • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 634, fig. 195/3 (1985).
  • Mesfin in Kew Bulletin 48: 500 (1993).
  • Mesfin in Symb. Bot. Upsal. 24: 122, fig. 61, fig. 58 (1984).
  • Oliv. & Hiern, Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 392 (1877).
  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 146 (1949).
  • Sherff in Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 16: 412, fig. 99/b, 102/1–b, e–j (1937).
  • Wild in Kirkia 6: 24, excl. (1967).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/