Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.
Anredera baselloides (Basellaceae)

[KBu]

Eriksson, R. (2007). A Synopsis of Basellaceae. Kew Bulletin, 62(2), 297-320. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20443356

Distribution
The genus Anredera is native to the tropical and subtropical Americas and Caribbean. A few species are cultivated as ornamentals worldwide, and have been locally naturalised.
Morphology General Habit
Scandent to trailing vines
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly to distinctly petiolate, not decurrent; leaf blade lanceolate to broadly elliptic, cordate, or obovate, entire, obtuse to acuminate at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers shortly to distinctly pedicellate, bisexual or rarely functionally unisexual, chasmogamous, fragrant
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments reflexed in bud, connate and fused at base with tepals; anthers dorsifixed, with thecae parallel and free at apex, dehiscent by longitudinal slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals shorter than petals to equalling them in length, rhombic or rounded ovate to elliptic, free from each other, ± obtuse at apex, occasionally with a gibba at base or a dorsal wing (in fruit), at anthesis whitish, yellowish, or reddish, in fruit pale, brownish, or ± black, ± dry, thin to rather thick
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals uniform or outer two patent and inner three erect, ovate to elliptic or obovate, connate only at base, obtuse at apex, at anthesis whitish, yellowish, or reddish, in fruit pale, brownish, or ± black, ± dry, thin to rather thick
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose to pyriform; style 1, undivided to 3-parted almost to the base, or styles 3, in fruit with persistent base; stigmas clavate to capitate or 3-lobed, rarely bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels slender to stout
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose to pyriform, in cross section rounded, partly surrounded by enlarged stalk at base, surrounded at base or completely enclosed by persistent perianth or parts of it.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences racemes or panicles with slender to stout axis, shortly to distinctly pedunculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate to triangular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles subtending flower, distinctly developed, triangular to broadly ovate, free or sometimes connate at base
Morphology Stem
Stem usually glabrous, rarely asperous, sometimes producing tubers
Note
The typification of Tandonia by van Steenis (1957; as Anredera sect. Tandonia) was superseded by Eriksson (1996), since the type that van Steenis selected was not an original element of the genus. Three morphological groups can be discerned among the species of Anredera, one characterised by a perianth that dries pale, one that dries brown, and one group where the perianth becomes black and tightly encloses the fruit (in contrast to the other groups). The last one corresponds to the synonymised genus Tandonia (sensu Moquin-Tandon 1849b) and is probably monophyletic. Also the pale drying species seem to form a monophyletic group, whereas the remaining ones probably do not. The synonymised genus Boussingaultia merits no recognition.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Texas, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Azores, Baleares, Bermuda, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Corse, Easter Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, India, Juan Fernández Is., Kermadec Is., Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Madeira, Morocco, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Sicilia, Society Is., Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Swaziland, Thailand, Tunisia, Yugoslavia

Anredera Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gen. Pl.: 84 (1789)

Accepted by

  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Jussieu, A. L. de (1789). Genera Plantarum. Paris.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0