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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
Dioscorea bulbifera

[FTEA]

Dioscoreaceae, E. Milne-Redhead. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Tuber perennial, usually irregularly subglobose, but occasionally elongate, and sometimes absent.
Morphology General Indumentum
Plant glabrous or the leaf-blade inconspicuously puberulous at the base beneath.
Morphology Stem
Twining stems up to 12 m. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves as in 3, D. asteriscus.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Aerial tubers irregularly subglobose or markedly angular, up to 7 cm. in diameter, brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences as in D. asteriscus, except that the ♂ flowers are sessile and directed downwards, towards apex of inflorescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Perianth lobes of ♂ flower not spreading; tepals lanceolate, up to 2 mm. long. Perianth lobes of ♀ flower directed towards apex of inflorescence, up to 2 mm. long.
sex Male
Perianth lobes of ♂ flower not spreading; tepals lanceolate, up to 2 mm. long.
sex Female
Perianth lobes of ♀ flower directed towards apex of inflorescence, up to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule and seeds similar to those of D. asteriscus, but capsule only 2 cm. long and 1.2 cm. in diameter.

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Ñame volador

[FWTA]

Dioscoreaceae, J. Miège. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous non-spiny climber 10-20 ft. high
Vegetative Multiplication Bulbils
Bulbils 1-8 cm. in size, toxic or edible according to the variety
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers renewed annually, globose, absent in several varieties or according to the method of cultivation
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers, when produced, white turning pink and then purple when old.
sex Female
Female flowers, when produced, white turning pink and then purple when old.
Note
Some edible cultivated varieties with large leaves have lost their ability to produce flowers, the bulbils are then larger and composed of a larger number (4-5) of buds. Wild varieties with toxic, angular, greyish bulbils and medium-sized leaves occur and others with small purplish bulbils, small leaves with a red base to the petiole.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 34 - 1630 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Leeward Is., Marquesas, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua, Niue, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Society Is., Suriname, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Venezuela, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

Dioscorea bulbifera L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 18, 2013 de Wilde, J.J.F.E. [11005], Gabon K000499574
Mar 1, 2013 Luke, W.R.O. [15885], Mali K001171782
Jan 1, 2012 Phoon [FRI53224], Malaysia K000524377
Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [13435], Cameroon K000580365
Jan 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11004], Cameroon K000199851
Jan 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11074], Cameroon K000199855
Jan 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11004], Cameroon K000339012
Jan 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11075], Cameroon K000199854
Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10742], Cameroon K000746170
Oct 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [635], Cameroon K000109596
Oct 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3687], Cameroon K000109589
Oct 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8934], Cameroon K000109601
Oct 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2693], Cameroon K000109592
Oct 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [641], Cameroon K000109604
Oct 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2424], Cameroon K000109591
Oct 1, 1993 Wheatley, J.I. [380], Cameroon K000027239
Feb 1, 1967 Vogel [s.n.] K000098374 lectotype
Feb 1, 1967 Vogel [s.n.] K000098376 paratype
Jan 30, 1930 s.coll. [23829], Andaman Is. K000098173
Peal, J. [10], Uganda 17064.000
Peal, J. [11], Uganda 17194.000
Wilkin, P. [842], Thailand 60783.000
Baron, R. [2561], Madagascar K000728286
Bojer [s.n.] K000728289
Davis [1066], Madagascar K000728293
Henry, A. [1871A], Taiwan K001141613
Henry, A. [1871A], Taiwan K001141614
Oldham, R. [s.n.], Taiwan K001141617
Ching, R.C. [8795], China K001141618
Law, Y.W. [1356], China K001141623
Wang, C. [34094], China K001141642
Handel-Mazzetti, H.R.E. [4840], China K001141654
Forrest, G. [8859] K001141657
Shiu Ying Hu [8788], Hong Kong K001141660
Bedi, R. [451], Bhutan K001142160
Collett, H. [223] K001142169
Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K001142175
s.coll [s.n.], India K001142176
Drummond, J.R. [1461], India K001142181
s.coll [901] K001142184
Herb. Drummond, J.R. [4386], India K001142189
Haines, H.H. [5846] K001142194
Malhotra, C.L. [42632], India K001142210
s.coll [3], India K001142233
s.coll [79] K001142239
Roxburgh [s.n.], India K001142240
A.A.B. [658] K001142255
Wood, J.J. [99], India K001142260
Herb. Gamble, J.S. [s.n.] K001142275
Barber, C.A. [7144], India K001142282
Barber, C.A. [5343], India K001142283
s.coll [14713], India K001142285
Thwaites, G.H.K. [CV 2977], Sri Lanka K001142295
s.coll [s.n.], Sri Lanka K001142297
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [3763], Sri Lanka K001142302
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [3570], Sri Lanka K001142304
Adams, C.D. [15059], Maldives K001142308
Lace, J.H. [4101], Myanmar K001142310
Belcher, R.O. [751], Myanmar K001142321
s.coll [5539], Myanmar K001142324
Phillips [s.n.], Malaysia K001143072
s.coll [9196], Singapore K001143074
Burkill, I.H. [2272], Malaysia K001143082
Burkill, I.H. [1508], Malaysia K001143083
Wilkin, P. [825], Thailand K001143696
Wilkin, P. [864], Thailand K001143699
Wilkin, P. [980], Thailand K001143720
Bon [6091 [?]], Vietnam K001143729
Vu Xuan Phuong [HNK474], Vietnam K001143732
Vu Xuan Phuong [HNK474], Vietnam K001143733
Pételot, A. [4158], Vietnam K001143739
Koorders, S.H. [29814B], Indonesia K001144251
Backer [28460], Indonesia K001144257
s.coll [12351] K001144265
Lee, B. [S41832], Malaysia K001144273
Lugas, L. [775], Malaysia K001144277
Elmer, A.D.E. [11739], Philippines K001144754
s.coll [3352], Philippines K001144756
Loher, A. [3926], Philippines K001144761
Henty, E.E. [41950], Papua New Guinea K001144950
Carr, C.E. [11125], Papua New Guinea K001144956
Schlechter, F.R.R. [14227] K001144977
Ledermann [6499], Papua New Guinea K001144978
Henty, E.E. [38645], Papua New Guinea K001144987
Hooker [358], Australia K001145086
Chippendale, G. [7654], Australia K001145094
Pillon, Y. [582], Vanuatu K001145195
s.coll [25], Vanuatu K001145200
Greenwood, W. [406], Fiji K001145214
Seemann, B.C. [626], Fiji K001145219
Reinecke [35], Samoa K001145225
Whistler, A. [2445], Samoa K001145231
Whistler, A. [7005], Samoa K001145240
Whistler, A. [8398], French Polynesia K001145241
Hillebrand [479], USA K001145250
Pereira, J.A. [3244], Guinea-Bissau K001145338
Chevalier, A.J.B. [18258], Guinea K001145341
Haswell, D.R. [111], Sierra Leone K001145342
Thomas, N.W. [1538], Sierra Leone K001145348
Deighton, F.C. [4865], Sierra Leone K001145353
Deighton, F.C. [1201], Sierra Leone K001145355
Morton, J.E. [SL 4559] K001145358
Herb Jaeger, P. [7303], Sierra Leone K001145362
Bos, J.J. [2230], Liberia K001145368
s.coll [953], Ghana K001145380
Vigne, C. [1316], Ghana K001145386
Dalziel, J.M. [669], Nigeria K001145400
Lawlor, D.W. [2], Nigeria K001145402
Talbot, D.A. [131], Nigeria K001145407
Wit, P. [94], Nigeria K001145418
Gillett, J.B. [15383], Nigeria K001145424
Chevalier, A.J.B. [5420], Central African Republic K001146135
Ujor, E.U. [29295], Cameroon K001146146
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [14108], Congo, DRC K001146159
Bamps, P. [420], Congo, DRC K001146163
Louis [4330], Congo, DRC K001146179
Lebrun [3304], Congo, DRC K001146181
Gilbert, M.G. [8413], Ethiopia K001146532
Gilbert, M.G. [8414], Ethiopia K001146533
Friis, I. [9291], Ethiopia K001146544
Dümmer, R.A. [343], Uganda K001146751
Speke [s.n.] K001146752
Michelmore, A.P.G. [1011], Tanzania K001146755
Robertson, S.A. [1061], Tanzania K001146756
s.coll [1442], Tanzania K001146758
Jackson, G. [2227], Malawi K001147523
Bourgeau, M. [1685], Mexico K001148833
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001149123
Tsang, W.T. [705], China K001141646
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [2014], Côte d'Ivoire K001145375
s.coll [220] K001142165
Kulip, J. [125906], Malaysia K001144287
Lebrun [3963], Congo, DRC K001146173
Lace, J.H. [5369], Myanmar K001142315
Pereira, J.A. [3244], Guinea-Bissau K001145339
Melville, F.A. [172], Sierra Leone K001145343
Bos, J.J. [2247], Liberia K001145369
Geerling, C. [999], Côte d'Ivoire K001145374
Brown, F.B.H. [583], French Polynesia K001145299
Brummitt, R.K. [9206], Malawi K001147522
Tsang, W.T. [669], China K001141637
Motley [212] K001144264
Wenzel, C.A. [389], Philippines K001144748
Pillon, Y. [819], Wallis & Futuna K001145239
Hakki, M. [329], Togo K001145394
Yamada, T. [421], Congo, DRC K001146167
s.coll [s.n.], India K001142206
Kanodia, K.C. [89758], India K001142270
Prony [1741], New Caledonia K001145208
Oldeman, R.A.A. [398], Côte d'Ivoire K001145370
Horne, J. [302], Fiji K001145221
Bounougou, E. [130], Cameroon K001146143
Trapnell, C.G. [1246], Zambia K001147514
Antilahimena, P. [93], Madagascar K001171783
Collett, H. [334] K001142174
Pilz, G.E. [1825], Nigeria K001145420
Zenker [412], Cameroon K001146142
s.coll [3393], Zimbabwe K001147529
Wright, C. [1711], Cuba K001149125
Ranarivelo, T. [RTI 405], Madagascar K000728295
Borssum Waalkes, J.v. [3336], Indonesia K001144294
Oldham, R. [889], Japan K001141603
Drummond, J.R. [6337], India K001142187
Brown, F.B.H. [900], French Polynesia K001145297
Quarre, P. [5365], Congo, DRC K001146160
Suddee, S. [878], Thailand K001143715
Moller, A. [103], Sao Tome and Principe K001146149
Melville, R. [7039], Fiji K001145212
Bristol, M.L. [2484], Samoa K001145229
Larsen, K. [30651], Thailand K001143693
Othman [S41396], Malaysia K001144271
Collins, D.J. [1039], Thailand K001143684
Louis [4330], Congo, DRC K001146178
Ling, K. [12383], China K001141619
s.coll [262], Seychelles K000728305
Put, N. [2018], Thailand K001143676
Thorel, M. le [s.n.], Vietnam K001143740
Gaumer, G.F. [920], Mexico K001148832
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [4213], Sri Lanka K001142303
Jarvie, J.K. [5717], Indonesia K001144268
Peal, J. [11], Uganda K001146747
Louis [14756], Congo, DRC K001146177
s.coll [s.n.], Myanmar K001142311
Kenneally, K.F. [6994], Australia K001145128
s.coll [3352], Philippines K001144750
Smith, A.C. [9604], Fiji K001145223
Puasa [10626] K001144289
Onochie, C.F.A. [33417], Nigeria K001145409
s.coll [116/38], Japan K001141601
Lau, S.K. [545], China K001141639
St John, H. [14487], French Polynesia K001145243
Okafor, J.C. [59307 A], Nigeria K001145416
Haines, H.H. [5847], India K001142201
Friis, I. [13394], Ethiopia K001146541
Collins, D.J. [983], Thailand K001143683
Brass, L.J. [3554], Papua New Guinea K001144985
Keenan, J. [1413], Myanmar K001142319
Vogt, G.B. [BU-32], Myanmar K001142320
Tsang, W.T. [29414], Vietnam K001143731
Brass, L.J. [3554], Papua New Guinea K001144983
Sihvoner [337], Burkina Faso K001145376
s.coll [364/53] K001150775
Ching, R.C. [8803], China K001141624
Greenwood, W. [267] K001145222
Clemens, J. [26433] K001144291
King's collector [3256], Malaysia K001143070
s.coll [1865], Philippines K001144751
Maximowicz, C.J. [s.n.], Japan K001141604
Parry, N.E. [392], India K001142244
Koorders, S.H. [33521B], Indonesia K001144256
Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K001145091
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], Singapore K001145430
Thorel, M. le [719], Vietnam K001143737
Sagot, P.A. [1121], French Guiana K001149645
Kerr, A.F.G. [3441], Thailand K001143667
Poilane, E. [1127], Vietnam K001143725
Smith, A.C. [820], Fiji K001145213
Melville, F.A. [s.n.], Sierra Leone K001145364
Friis, I. [7276], Ethiopia K001146534
Winter, B. de [9187], Namibia K001147517
Wilkin, P. [882], Thailand K001143703
Tsang, W.T. [26622], China K001141649
Wit, P. [118], Nigeria K001145423
Herb Lewalle, J. [2966], Burundi K001146169
s.coll [s.n.], Taiwan K001141612
s.coll [81], India K001142171
Kajewski, S.F. [896], Vanuatu K001145201
Herb. Roxburgh [s.n.] K001142241
Wilkin, P. [882], Thailand K001143704
Soibeh, D. [378], Malaysia K001144280
Stevens, P.F. [50159], Papua New Guinea K001144949
Greenwood, W. [267], Fiji K001145218
Osborne, J. [233], Cameroon K001146141
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], Singapore K001145428
Drummond, J.R. [1948], India K001142182
s.coll [3], Ghana K001145387
Wilkin, P. [919], Thailand K001143714
Motley, J. [169] K001144263
Prony [1741], New Caledonia K001145207
Turner, H. [31], Indonesia K001144296
Ghesquière, J. [3822], Congo, DRC K001146157
Baquar, S.R. [173], Nigeria K001150772
Lau, S.K. [27746], China K001141644
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [13303], Guinea K001145340
Maitland, T.D. [701], Uganda K001146750
s.coll [5538] K001142309
Widjaja, E.A. [1328], Indonesia K001144260
Matthew, K.M. [60234], India K000401039
Larsen, K. [30651], Thailand K001143692
Wilkin, P. [864], Thailand K001143697
s.coll [s.n.] K001142196
Collins, D.J. [981], Thailand K001143680
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001145382
Duaneh, J. [92], Malaysia K001144261
s.coll [s.n.], Congo, DRC K001146168
Soyaux, H. [211], Gabon K001146151
Trapnell, C.G. [1197], Zambia K001147510
Degener, O. [5569], USA K001145249
s.coll [5540], India K001142148
Jordan, H.D. [144], Sierra Leone K001145356
Burchell [7063], Brazil K001149646
Wang, C. [34251], China K001141641
s.coll [27129], India K001142207
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K001142217
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [3836], Sri Lanka K001142300
Armstrong [358], Australia K001145088
Henry, A. [12266B], China K001141658
Friis, I. [9291], Ethiopia K001146545
Suddee, S. [879], Thailand K001143710
Wilkin, P. [1069], Thailand K001143717
Du Puy, D.J. [CI.57], Australia K001145129
Morton [SL 2328], Sierra Leone K001145363
s.coll [5541], Myanmar K001142312
Larsen, K. [33828], Thailand K001143691
s.coll [s.n.] K001144959
Herb C.N.A.D. [1483], Cameroon K001146145
Soyaux, H. [77], Gabon K001146153
Burkill, I.H. [2565], Malaysia K001143078
s.coll [212] K001144262
St John, H. [17178], French Polynesia K001145290
St John, H. [15371] K001145293
Boughey, A.S. [s.n.] K001145379
Crosby, C.S. [s.n.], Tonga K001145235
Hall, J.B. [CC 245] K001145390
s.coll [84], Mozambique K001147528
s.coll [27129], India K001142208
Haines, H.H. [186], Bhutan K001142211
Oldeman, R.A.A. [191], Côte d'Ivoire K001145371
Davis [1066], Madagascar K000728294
Drummond, J.R. [4384], India K001142179
Burkill, I.H. [2272], Malaysia K001143076
Kerr, A.F.G. [3870], Thailand K001143668
Thorel, M. le [s.n.], Vietnam K001143736
s.coll [5564], USA K001145248
Lawlor, D.W. [300], Nigeria K001145395
Bell, T.R.D. [4254], India K001142273
Ochse, J.J. [s.n.], Indonesia K001144255
Henry, A. [1210], Taiwan K001141611
Lugas, L. [1215], Malaysia K001144278
Amin [116249], Malaysia K001144292
s.coll [1767], Ghana K001145389
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], Singapore K001145426
Furtado, C.X. [644], Singapore K001141620
Gaerlan [4899], Philippines K001144764
Lowe, J. [1783] K001145415
Abraham, A. [3118], India K001142268
s.coll [10841], Thailand K001143669
Wright [1711], Cuba K001149121
Gamble, J.S. [4625A], India K001142183
Wilkin, P. [1040], Thailand K001143719
Greenwood, W. [406], Fiji K001145215
Carr, C.E. [15701], Papua New Guinea K001144957
s.coll [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K001144960
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [6680], Liberia K001145366
Friis, I. [13386], Ethiopia K001146543
Strey, R.G. [7497], South Africa K001150769
s.coll [15119], Myanmar K001142317
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [6129], Liberia K001145365
Winter, B. de [9228], Namibia K001147518
Wiakabu, J. [73784], Papua New Guinea K001144955
Talbot, D.A. [131], Nigeria K001145413
Paie, I. [S19347] K001144270
Schäfer, P.A. [5600], French Polynesia K001145300
Killick, H.J. [3a], Nigeria K001145399
s.coll [4037], Angola K001147533
Strachey, R. [2], India K001142209
s.coll [3352], Philippines K001144749
Morton [SL 1587], Sierra Leone K001145360
s.coll [1316], Ghana K001145385
Whistler, A. [1705], Samoa K001145230
Troupin, G. [2002], Congo, DRC K001146164
Trapnell, C.G. [1249], Zambia K001147511
Moore, D. [s.n.] K001146134
Gjellerup [972], Indonesia K001144981
Dawodu, T.B. [134] K001145404
Trapnell, C.G. [1246], Zambia K001147515
s.coll [s.n.] K001142286
s.coll [s.n.], India K001142289
s.coll [1565], Malaysia K001143073
Collins, D.J. [s.n.], Thailand K001143685
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [628-B], Papua New Guinea K001145199
Lau, S.K. [545], China K001141643
s.coll [34215], Singapore K001142230
Lete, R. [261], Philippines K001144759
Ross, C. [7], Madagascar K000728290
Yamada, T. [330], Congo, DRC K001146166
Fay, J.M. [3069], Central African Republic K001146136
Wieringa, J.J. [5491], Gabon K001146170
Morton [SL 2266], Sierra Leone K001145359
Akpabla, G.K. [169] K001145377
Gillett, J.B. [15383], Nigeria K001145419
Klaine, R.P. [3244bis], Gabon K001146171
Derred, R. [459], Congo, DRC K001146184
Buchanan [259], Malawi K001147519
Wilkin, P. [864], Thailand K001143701
Sheil, D. [1669], Uganda K001146753
s.coll [6B [?]] K001143694
s.coll [s.n.] K001146540
unknown [s.n.] K000696820
s.coll [s.n.], Solomon Is. K001145203
Rich, H.H. [667] K001142164
Bunchuai, K. [1288], Thailand K001143708
Poilane, E. [19807], Vietnam K001143726
Cowan, J.M. [s.n.], India K001142150
Herb. Falconer [1111] K001142166
Bullock, A.A. [658], India K001142256
Wright, C. [529], Hong Kong K001141625
Cavalerie, J. [1038], China K001141629
s.coll [21020], India K001142191
s.coll [s.n.], Samoa K001145226
Vaughan, J.H. [1455] K001146770
Reynoso, E. [24772], Philippines K001144765
Batten-Poole, W.H. [291], Nigeria K001145396
Ebba, T. [556], Ethiopia K001146531
King's collector [s.n.], India K001142323
Backer [26990], Indonesia K001144253
Louis [10851], Congo, DRC K001146176
Tsang, W.T. [21255], China K001141628
Yuncker, T.G. [10020], Niue K001145238
s.coll [1435], India K001142290
s.coll [223], Indonesia K001144266
Noerkas [44], Indonesia K001144282
s.coll [23829], India K001142326
Pearson, H.H.W. [2316], Namibia K001147531
Sinclair [s.n.], USA K000229881
Keke [960], Nepal K001142159
Belcher, R.O. [238], India K001142251
Lazarides, M. [7816], Australia K001145126
Lebrun [1134], Congo, DRC K001146174
Russell-Smith, J. [5128], Australia K001145130
Dacremont [418], Congo, DRC K001146180
Tsiang, Y. [8567], China K001141630
Saldanha, C.J. [15045], India K001142272
s.coll [3036[?]], India K001142291
Burkill, I.H. [2203], Malaysia K001143067
Kerenga, K. [77293], Papua New Guinea K001144961
Degener, O. [14303], Fiji K001145210
Vaughan, J.H. [683], Tanzania K001146769
Deighton, F.C. [4394], Sierra Leone K001145354
Binuyo, A. [46049], Nigeria K001145414
Wang, F.T. [23560], China K001141636
Sulit, M.D. [22483], Philippines K001144755
Vaupel. F. [215], Samoa K001145228
Thollon, M. [134], Gabon K001146185
s.coll [753] K001146759
Lebrun [3346], Congo, DRC K001146172
Grierson, A.J.C. [2680], Bhutan K001142161
Wong, K.M. [WKM2267], Malaysia K001144288
s.coll [s.n.], Congo, DRC K001146156
Heyde [4359], Guatemala K001148834
Put, N. [4354], Thailand K001143705
Ramos, M. [21995], Philippines K001144752
Thomas, D. [2520], Cameroon K001146147
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K001142156
Wilkin, P. [919], Thailand K001143713
Bünnemeyer, W. [16658], Indonesia K001144281
Herb. Drummond, J.R. [6340], India K001142188
Yates, H.S. [1990], Indonesia K001144250
Mauriasi, R. [13728], Solomon Is. K001145198
Irvine, J.R. [s.n.], Ghana K001145383
Lebrun [1134], Congo, DRC K001146175
s.coll [s.n.], India K001142238
Dalziel, J.M. [669], Nigeria K001145401
Gamble, J.S. [4625A] K001142177
St John, H. [19268], Fiji K001145217
Deighton, F.C. [4918], Sierra Leone K001145357
Elmer, A.D.E. [17303], Philippines K001144753
Mendoza, D.R. [18363], Philippines K001144762
Soyaux, H. [77], Gabon K001146152
s.coll [11191], Malaysia K001143075
Larsen, K. [44098], Thailand K001143666
Kerr, A.F.G. [1529B], Thailand K001143678
Wilkin, P. [919], Thailand K001143712
s.coll [s.n.], Cambodia K001143724
Eilu, G. [216], Uganda K001146754
Sharjand [980], Nigeria K001145403
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001149122
Burkill, I.H. [2203], Malaysia K001143068
Blackburn, J. [116], Madagascar K000728287
Pilz, G.E. [1825], Nigeria K001145422
Friis, I. [11777], Ethiopia K001146546
Ranarivelo, T. [405], Madagascar K000728296
Haniff, M. [7550], Malaysia K001143077
Garrett, H.B.G. [1458], Thailand K001143686
Irvine, F.R. [2578] K001145378
s.coll [30] K001145417
s.coll [5538], India K001142149
Pételot, A. [4159], Vietnam K001143728
Ern, H. [436], Togo K001145392
s.coll [541-94] K001145412
s.coll [s.n.] K001145429
Grierson, A.J.C. [1543], Bhutan K001142162
Deighton, F.C. [1351], Sierra Leone K001145344
Herb. Drummond, J.R. [4385] K001142180
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K001142242
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], Singapore K001145427
Arifin [AA1070], Indonesia K001144272
Sanou, L. [MSLS-1659], Burkina Faso K001145425
Tessmann, G. [634], Equatorial Guinea K001146148
Friis, I. [11777], Ethiopia K001146547
Tsang, W.T. [26622], China K001141650
Morrison, A. [s.n.], Vanuatu K001145202
Thorel, M. le [s.n.], Vietnam K001143738
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K001142218
Kerr, A.F.G. [2206], Thailand K001143677
Middleton, D.J. [986], Thailand K001143718
Burkill, I.H. [256], Singapore K001144747
Dawodu, T.B. [134] K001145405
Fosberg, F.R. [11569] K001145294
Yasuda, K. [2786], Japan K001141598
Burkill, I.H. [1188], Malaysia K001143080
s.coll [133] K001144254
s.coll [546], Indonesia K001144979
Duthie, J.F. [24993], India K001142199
Balakrishnan, N.P. [6499], India K001142322
Sugau, J.B. [JBS405], Malaysia K001144275
Womersley, J.S. [7846], Papua New Guinea K001144952
Rich, H.H. [s.n.] K001142185
Burkill, I.H. [2203], Malaysia K001143066
s.coll [881/38], Australia K001145093
Vriese, de [s.n.], Indonesia K001144259
Gressitt, J.L. [476], Taiwan K001141615
Gammie, G.A. [18134], India K001142178
Bell, T.R.D. [4254], India K001142274
Wood, J.J. [CLIV[?]], India K001142232
Wood, J.J. [s.n.], India K001142259
Hollrung, M.U. [304] K001144982
s.coll [27016] K001142198
Mooney, H.F. [102] K001142264
s.coll [794], Thailand K001143672
s.coll [232 [?]], Australia K001145089
s.coll [265] K001142167
Wallich [s.n.] K001142155
Fay, J.M. [1945], Central African Republic K001146137
Larsen, K. [31858], Thailand K001143706
Geerling, C. [1073], Côte d'Ivoire K001145373
Lei, C.I. [232], China K001141647
Stevens, P.F. [50151], Papua New Guinea K001144951
Friis, I. [13395], Ethiopia K001146542
Chase [21049], Madagascar K000728297
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [3805], Sri Lanka K001142298
Po Khant, D.R. [841], Myanmar K001142318
Vanpruk, L. [127], Thailand K001143673
Larsen, K. [34244], Thailand K001143688
Henry, A. [11224], China K001141651
Schweinfurth, G.A. [593], Sudan K001146539
s.coll [s.n.] K001142288
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001145090
Dawodu, T.B. [145] K001145408
Christensen, H. [539], Malaysia K001144269
Fay, J.M. [4565], Central African Republic K001146138
Deschamps, E.F. [s.n.], France K000728307
Henry, A. [4193], China K001141633
Haines, H.H. [186], Bhutan K001142212
Haines, H.H. [696], India K001142213
s.coll [5552], Myanmar K001142314
Garrett, H.B.G. [1458], Thailand K001143687
Wilkin, P. [882], Thailand K001143711
Ochse, J.J. [s.n.], Indonesia K001144258
Mooney, H.F. [527], India K001142262
Pasch [7781], Togo K001145393
Cowan, J.M. [s.n.], India K001142231
Abraham, A. [3131], India K001142287
Trapnell, C.G. [1415], Zambia K001147509
Starin, E.D. [5], Gambia K001145336
s.coll [s.n.] K001141627
Gamble, J.S. [24612], India K001142203
s.coll [34223], Singapore K001142229
Buwalda [4324], Indonesia K001144283
Armstrong [415], Australia K001145085
Thomas, N.W. [1538], Sierra Leone K001145349
s.coll [4] K001150773
Gamble, J.S. [4928B] K001142172
Acland, R.D. [s.n.], India K001142265
Burkill, I.H. [13849], Malaysia K001143084
Chase, N.C. [7949], Zimbabwe K001147534
Fay, J.M. [4564], Central African Republic K001146139
Furuse, M. [11193], Japan K001141606
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001142252
s.coll [346], Papua New Guinea K001144976
Thomas, N.W. [843], Nigeria K001145411
Ghesquière [3822] K001146183
s.coll [4032], Angola K001147532
Christophersen, E. [2424], Samoa K001145224
Thomas, N.W. [2679], Sierra Leone K001145345
Darko, K.O. [953], Ghana K001145381
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [14109], Congo, DRC K001146161
Henry, A. [12266], China K001141656
Brass, L.J. [1030], Papua New Guinea K001144986
s.coll [22828] K001142192
Gammie, G.A. [s.n.], India K001142204
s.coll [1865], Philippines K001144757
Forrest, G. [11588], China K001141655
s.coll [s.n.] K001142154
Breteler, F.J. [188], Cameroon K001146144
Jackson, G. [2227], Malawi K001147521
Wang, Y.K. [3047], China K001141626
Lesger [209], Indonesia K001144248
Gideon, O. [77087], Papua New Guinea K001144962
Noirfalise, A. [631], Congo, DRC K001146165
Thwaites, G.H.K. [CP 2977], Sri Lanka K001142294
s.coll [s.n.], Australia K001145087
Wilkin, P. [T961], Thailand K001143721
Bonin, L. [416], Congo, DRC K001146154
Trapnell, C.G. [1431], Zambia K001147513
s.coll [1365A] K001142215
Wilkin, P. [864], Thailand K001143700
Noirfalise, A. [631], Congo, DRC K001146155
Codd, L.E. [8800], South Africa K001147512
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001149124
s.coll [5517], Papua New Guinea K001144958
Fosberg, F.R. [11598] K001145295
Barter, C. [s.n.], Niger K001145398
Keke [960], Nepal K001142158
s.coll [33261], Singapore K001142200
Wilkin, P. [T961], Thailand K001143722
Bloembergen, S. [3321], Indonesia K001144284
Eyles, F. [3393], Zimbabwe K001147530
s.coll [1365A'] K001142214
Jordan, H.D. [143], Sierra Leone K001145346
Batten-Poole, W.H. [s.n.], Nigeria K001145397
Bojer [s.n.], Mauritius K000728288
Gamble, J.S. [23869] K001142193
Larsen, K. [33828], Thailand K001143690
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K001142243
Kudi, J. [S33687], Malaysia K001144274
Hopkins, H.C.F. [2043], Papua New Guinea K001144988
Harley, W.J. [654], Liberia K001145367
Gamble, J.S. [23869], India K001142205
Kerr, A.F.G. [3870], Thailand K001143671
Whistler, A. [8444], French Polynesia K001145242
Wohlhauser, S. [60298], Madagascar K000728292
Lesger [209], Indonesia K001144249
Tathill, B.H. [855], Fiji K001145220
Chase, N.C. [8590], Zimbabwe K001147526
s.coll [172/38], Japan K001141602
Beguim, W. [1374], Indonesia K001144285
Henry, A. [12266A], China K001141652
Wilde, W.J.J.O. de [531], Côte d'Ivoire K001145372
Konta, F. [35513], Japan K001141600
Koorders, S.H. [23239B], Indonesia K001144252
Herb. Haines, H.H. [5119] K001142263
Devred, R. [459], Congo, DRC K001146158
Liou, T.N. [14], China K001141622
Tsang, W.T. [30307], Vietnam K001143730
s.coll [33], Australia K001145092
Bernier, M. [1212], New Caledonia K001145209
Parks, H.E. [16140], Tonga K001145237
Deighton, F.C. [1200], Sierra Leone K001145347
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [14111], Congo, DRC K001146162
Furuse, M. [11193], Japan K001141607
Talbot, D.A. [717], Nigeria K001145406
s.coll [s.n.], India K001142271
Herb. Wight. [2822], India K001142281
Wilkin, P. [864], Thailand K001143698
s.coll [3927], Philippines K001144758
Curry, P. [515], Vanuatu K001145204
Conklin, H.C. [2538], Philippines K001144760
Haines, H.H. [5846] K001142195
Kenneally, K.F. [7123], Australia K001145127
Tuyama, T. [9354], Micronesia K001145245
Morton, J.K. [4560] K001145361
Gamble, J.S. [46287] K001142173
King's collector [4758], Malaysia K001143069
Jackson, G. [2227], Malawi K001147520
Sharma, B.D. [167860], India K001142269
Larsen, K. [34244], Thailand K001143689
Xiao Bai-Zhong [4640], China K001141648
Burkill, I.H. [1508], Malaysia K001143081
Wickens, G.E. [2193], Sudan K001146537
Henry, A. [12266], China K001141653
Starin, E.D. [94], Gambia K001145337
Sampson, H.C. [4], Ghana K001145388
Harris, D.J. [1169], Central African Republic K001146140
Liang, H.Y. [62852], China K001141640
St John, H. [17415], French Polynesia K001145291
Dupont, P.E.R. [260], Seychelles K000728304
Shiu Ying Hu [5571], Hong Kong K001141659
Hu, S.Y. [130], Hong Kong K001141661
Singh, V. [2993], India K001142257
Collins, D.J. [1541], Thailand K001143682
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [3805], Sri Lanka K001142299
Curry, P. [236], Vanuatu K001145196
s.coll [5565], USA K001145247
Thomas, N.W. [1561], Sierra Leone K001145351
Cheo, H.C. [247], China K001141635
Wilkin, P. [842], Thailand K001143695
Scarth-Johnson, V. [20], Tonga K001145234
Pilz, G.E. [2166], Nigeria K001145421
Gentry, H.S. [13693], India K001150771
s.coll [23829], India K001142325
Morse, H.B. [720] K001141631
Henry, A. [2068], China K001141634
Wilkin, P. [1024], Thailand K001143723
Misra, O.P. [41693], India K001142190
Pereira, J.T. [JPT617], Malaysia K001144286
Webster, G.L. [1040], USA K001145251
Wood, J.J. [239], India K001142261
Marcan, A. [421], Thailand K001143670
Lace, J.H. [5364], Myanmar K001142316
s.coll [1], Thailand K001143679
Frodin, D.G. [4138], Papua New Guinea K001144953
s.coll [33261], Singapore K001142202
Herb Maingay, A.C. [2655], Malaysia K001143071
Peal, J. [10], Uganda K001146749
Smitinand, T. [1347], Thailand K001143707
Beusekom, C.F. van [3421], Thailand K001143709
Sampson, G.T. [s.n.], China K001141632
Rich, H.H. [901], India K001142170
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K001142216
Matthew, K.M. [70668], India K000401038
Lam [1035], Indonesia K001144980
Degener, O. [14303], Fiji K001145211
Collins, D.J. [1543B], Thailand K001143675
Reinecke [245], Samoa K001145227
Fosberg, F.R. [11598] K001145296
Sagot, P.A. [1121], French Guiana K001149644
s.coll [5552], Myanmar K001142313
Middleton, D.J. [188], Thailand K001143716
Conklin, H.C. [2538], Philippines K001144766
Morrison, A. [278], Solomon Is. K001145197
Williams [8160], Nepal K001142153
Pételot, A. [4157], Vietnam K001143727
Horne, J. [s.n.], Seychelles K000728306
Sugau, J.B. [JBS405], Malaysia K001144276
St John, H. [19268], Fiji K001145216
s.coll [H592] K001145431
Ramos, M. [41290], Philippines K001144745
Myers, J.G. [11887], Sudan K001146536
Abraham, A. [3128], India K001142267
Gardner, C.A. [10101], Australia K001145084
Peal, J. [10], Uganda K001146748
s.coll [5106] K001142157
s.coll [s.n.] K001142197
s.coll [728] K001142266
Irvine, F.R. [4512], Ghana K001145391
Pirozynski, K.A. [106], Tanzania K001146768
Thomas, N.W. [2220], Sierra Leone K001145350
Herb. Drummond, J.R. [6338], India K001142186
Ramos, M. [14721], Philippines K001144746
Wiakabu, J. [73784], Papua New Guinea K001144954
Williams [8177], Nepal K001142152
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [3676], Sri Lanka K001142301
Grant, M.L. [5120], French Polynesia K001145292
Singh, V. [3095], India K001142258
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [3570], Sri Lanka K001142306
Barclay [s.n.], French Polynesia K001145298
Pleyte, D.R. [6], Indonesia K001144293
Lovave, M. [23], Papua New Guinea K001144989
Florence, J. [9126], French Polynesia K001145244
Stolz, A.F. [1956], Tanzania K001146757
Soibeh, D. [855], Malaysia K001144279
McKee, H.S. [4319], New Caledonia K001145206
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.] K001145384
s.coll [s.n.], India K001142253
Sundaling, D. [84034], Malaysia K001144290
s.coll [1156], Zimbabwe K001147524
Burkill, I.H. [2565], Malaysia K001143079
Scarth-Johnson, V. [44], Tonga K001145233
s.coll [1156], Zimbabwe K001147525
s.coll [81], India K001142168
Moller [4] K001146150
Hickin, H.J. [s.n.], China K001141621
s.coll [s.n.] K001142163
s.coll [6], Thailand K001143674
Brass, L.J. [6383], Papua New Guinea K001144984
Deighton, F.C. [4865], Sierra Leone K001145352
Ridsdale, C.E. [1018], Philippines K001144763
Clunies-Ross [135], Vanuatu K001145205
Macrae [s.n.] K001145246
Ts'ang, W.T. [16168], China K001141638
Rahman, M.A. [87-152], Bangladesh K001142151
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [3570], Sri Lanka K001142305
Nur bin Mohamed Ghose, M. [1644], Malaysia K001143065
Trapnell, C.G. [1249], Zambia K001147516
Loakai, E. [639], Tonga K001145236
Furuse, M. [1403], Japan K001141605
Lau, S.K. [27913], China K001141645
Gamble, J.S. [s.n.] K001142276
Whistler, A. [666], Samoa K001145232
Borssum Waalkes, J.v. [3142], Indonesia K001144295
Strey, R.G. [7497], South Africa K001150770
Dorr, L.J. [2934], Madagascar K000728291
Burkill, I.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001142254
Burkill, I.H. [2171], Malaysia K001143064
Henderson, M.R. [20152], Indonesia K001144267
Quarré [2388], Congo, DRC K001146182
Trapnell, C.G. [1247], Zambia K001147508
Konta, F. [35513], Japan K001141599
Walker [s.n.], Sri Lanka K001142296
Shafer, J.A. [3016], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K000099315 lectotype
Shafer, J.A. [3149], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K000099316 Unknown type material
Eggers [4842], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149327
Bisse, J. [5023], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149339
Bisse, J. [22405], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149333
Bässler, M. [60885], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149340
Bisse, J. [36929], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149335
Morton, C.V. [3020], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149330
s.coll [s.n.] Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149328
Shafer, J.A. [2985], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149331
Bisse, J. [27241], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149336
Morton, C.V. [3217], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149329
Bisse, J. [40086], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149332
Bisse, J. [5922], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149337
Bisse, J. [39839], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149338
Bisse, J. [44065], Cuba Dioscorea tenuiflora K001149334

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1033 (1753)

Accepted by

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  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pérez-Camacho, J. & Raz, L. (2017). Flora de la República de Cuba, Ser. A, 22(1): 1-63.
  • Samanta, A.K. (2006). The genus Dioscorea L. in Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas - a census Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 30: 555-563.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Smith, A.C. (1979). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • Wilkin, P. & Thapyai, C. (2009). Flora of Thailand 10(1): 1-140. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. 154.
  • Burkill in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 15: 357 (1939)
  • Chevalier in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 32: 16 (1952)
  • Knuth in Engl., Pflanzenr. Dioscoreac. 4, 43: 88 (1924)
  • Miège, Contrib. Dioscor. 63 (1952)
  • Prain & Burkill in Ann Roy. Bot. Gard. Calcutta 14: 111 (1936)
  • Sp. Pl. 1033 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Sachet, M.-H. (1969). List of vascular flora of Rangiroa Atoll Research Bulletin 125: 33-44.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Burkill & Perrier in Fl. Madag.44: 24 (1950).
  • Burkill in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 15: 357 (1939).
  • Harms in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 146 (1895).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 382, fig. 315 (1936).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 1033 (1753).
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Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  • García Castro, N. J. (2011). Plantas nativas empleadas en alimentación en Colombia. Instituo de Investigaciones Biológicas Alexander von Humboldt. http://repository.humboldt.org.co/handle/20.500.11761/31275

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Flora of Tropical East Africa
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The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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