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This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to SW. Ethiopia and N. Malawi, Madagascar.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, Rua Stream, H. Meyer 272 (B, lecto)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, very robust, up to 150 cm tall, with a branching, scale-covered woody rhizome up to 2 cm in diameter.
Morphology Culms
Culms 45–140 cm long, 3.7–7.8 mm wide, trigonous, glabrous Culms few, the base covered with brown scales and old leaf bases split by the new culms arising in their axil.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath dark brown to almost black at base, brown higher up, 5–14 cm long. Leaf blade linear, flat or v-shaped, 35–90 cm long, 6–15 mm wide, scabrid on margin and primary vein, apex acuminate Leaves up to 100 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, erect to spreading, 6–12, lowermost 26–50 cm long, 9–19 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple anthela, primary branches 7–15, 1.5–9 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets in long, crowded clusters, sessile and at the end of primary branches, many per cluster, linear-oblong, 5.6–13.5 mm long, 1.2–2.5 mm wide, rachilla straight, falling off entire when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes pale brownish with uncoloured margin, oblong-lanceolate, 4–6.7 mm long, 1.8–2.1 mm wide, keel with 5–7 slender veins on each side, apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 5.2–7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 2.8–3.4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet brown, oblong, trigonous, 2.2–3.5 mm long, 0.6–0.7 mm wide, minutely papillose.
Ecology
Montane swamps, wet places in forests, forest edges, damp grassy slopes; 1800–2900 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Distribution
Flora districts: U2 U3 K3 K4 K5 K6T2 T6 T7 Range: Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Ethiopia

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Robust leafy sedge with decumbent woody branches
Ecology
Montane grassland and forest.

Native to:

Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Cyperus tomaiophyllus K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2234], Cameroon K000437378
May 1, 1998 Kamundi, D. [634], Cameroon K000678149
May 1, 1998 Onana, J.-M. [557], Cameroon K000678190
May 1, 1998 Zapfack, L. [876], Cameroon K000678145
May 1, 1998 Zapfack, L. [1060], Cameroon K000678146
May 1, 1998 Munyenyembe, P. [812], Cameroon K000678147
May 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8526], Cameroon K000678148

First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 122 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P. 4, 20 (101): 429 (1936)
  • F.T.A. 8: 392 (1902)
  • Fl. Eth. 6: 457 (1997).
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 207, fig. 414 (1983)
  • P.O.A. C: 122 (1895)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0