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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, NW. Madagascar, Malesia to N. Australia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Australia, Arnhem Bay, Brown 5915 (BM, holo.; K, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, slender, up to 37 cm high, with swollen stem-bases, sometimes almost rhizomatous.
Morphology Culms
Culms tufted, 11–36 cm long, 0.9–1.4 mm wide, trigonous, smooth to slightly scabrid, the base covered with fibrous remains of old leaf sheaths
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath pale green to pale reddish-brown, basal sheaths darker and split into fibres, 1–3.5 cm long. Leaves up to 18.5 cm long. Leaf blade linear, flat to v-shaped, 2–15 cm long, 1.8–2.9(–4.2) mm wide, apex acute to acuminate, scabrid on margins and primary vein
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, spreading to reflexed, 2–3, lowermost 5–11 cm long, 1.8–2.9 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 15–60 in a very dense globose head, lanceolate-ovate, 3.3–7.2 mm long, 1.5–2.5 mm wide, rachis straight.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes greyish-white, with cinnamon tinge, lanceolate, 1.4–1.8 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide, margin often curved inwards, keel indistinct, apex acute to rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen 1
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet grey to (pale) brown, flattened trigonous, (narrowly) obovoid to ellipsoid, 0.8–1 mm long, 0.2–0.4 mm wide, papillose in longitudinal rows.
Ecology
Bushland/grassland on wet soil, edge of pond; 1050–1150 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution and common habitat.
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 K1 K4 K7 T4 T5 T6 Range: Widespread through west Africa, Chad, Ethopia, Somalia, Malawi, South Africa; SE Asia, Australia

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Slender perennial with swollen stem-bases covered by fibrous remains of old sheaths, often with many crowded stem-bases giving a rhizome-like structure
Morphology Stem
Stems 6–40 cm long and 0.4–1 mm thick, glabrous or slightly scabrid, triangular, covered by reddish brown to blackish sheaths
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 2–15 cm long and 0.5–2 mm wide, flat or V-shaped, scabrid on margin and midrib; sheaths green to light reddish brown, the basal sheaths darker
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a congested anthela with sessile spikelets only; major involucral bract leafy, 2–10 cm long and 1–1.5 mm wide, reflexed or spreading; anthela 0.7–1.5 cm in diam., consisting of 15–60 crowded spikelets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 4–8 x 1–2.5 mm, greyish white with a light pinkish brown (cinnamon) tinge, 10–20-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 1.3–1.5 mm long, lanceolate, greyish white with a cinnamon tinge; midrib indistinct; margin often incurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet 0.6–0.8 x 0.2–0.3 mm, obovate, flattened triangular, grey to pale brown, minutely papillose.
Distribution
S1 widely distributed in the Old World tropics.
Ecology
Altitude range c. 300 m.

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Slender herb up to 40 cm. high from a fibrously thickened base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
A white, rounded head of numerous, small spikelets
Ecology
Damp places.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Kenya, Mombasa, Taylor s.n. (BM, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, up to 25 cm tall, with bulbous base.
Morphology Culms
Culms tufted
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with sheath black and ‘torn’; blade 8–16 cm long, ‘narrow’
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence bracts 3–4, the lowest 5–7.5 cm long Head single, 1.6 × 1.2 cm, dense, white, of very many spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets linear-oblong, 8 × 3–4 mm, compressed, 6–10-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes oblong, obtuse, many-veined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet half the length of the glume, oblong, brown.
Ecology
No data
Note
K. Schum. in P.O.A. C: 122 (1895) published this as C. sansibarensis, also a nom. nudum.
Distribution
Flora districts: K7 Flora districts: Known only from the type

Native to:

Burkina, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Western Australia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Cyperus pulchellus R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [3121], Cameroon K000213078
Nov 1, 1953 Cuming, H. [1417], Philippines K000290911 isotype
Nov 1, 1953 Cuming, H. [1417], Philippines K000290910 isotype
Nov 1, 1953 Brown, R. [10], Australia K000309496 isotype
Nov 1, 1953 Brown, R. [5917], Australia K000309497
Bidgood, S. [6208], Tanzania K000468217
Bidgood, S. [5900], Tanzania K000468525
Sainiford (?) [s.n.], Australia K000309495

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 213 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Larridon, I., Reynders, M., Huygh, W., Bauters, K., Vrijdaghs, A., Leroux, O., Muasya, A.M., Simpson, D.A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011). Taxonomic changes in C3 Cyperus (Cyperaceae) supported by molecular phylogenetic data, morphology, embryology, ontogeny and anatomy Plant ecology and evolution 144: 327-356.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Kern in Reinwardtia 3: 39–46, fig. 5 (1954).
  • Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland 213 (1810)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Larridon, I., Reynders, M., Huygh, W., Bauters, K., Vrijdaghs, A., Leroux, O., Muasya, A.M., Simpson, D.A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011). Taxonomic changes in C3 Cyperus (Cyperaceae) supported by molecular phylogenetic data, morphology, embryology, ontogeny and anatomy Plant ecology and evolution 144: 327-356.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by K. A. Lye [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Eth. 6: 440 (1997).
  • Fl. Somalia 4: 119 (1995)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 173, figs. 330, 331 (1983)
  • Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 213 (1810)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0