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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Madagascar.
Pycreus pelophilus (Ridl.) C.B.Clarke

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Annual with flaccid stems, few leaves and a large spreading inflorescence of rather few golden, lanceolate spikelets
Ecology
Moist sandy place? near water.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Angola, Bemposta, Welwitsch 7025 (BM!, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual up to 32 cm high, slender, solitary or crowded.
Morphology Culms
Culm 4.5–28 cm long, 0.5–1.1 mm wide, trigonous, smooth
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath (pale) brown, sometimes purplish at base, 1–4.5 cm long. Leaf blade linear, flattish-plicate, 3.2–15(–22) cm long, 1.2–3 mm wide, acuminate, scabrid Leaves up to 20 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, spreading, (2–)3–6, 7–16 cm long, ± scabrid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence simple, sometimes partially compound, primary branches 3–8, 1–7 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets in loose digitate clusters, sessile and at the end of primary branches, when inflorescence partially compound also clusters on seconday branches. Spikelets 4–15 per cluster, linearlanceolate, 7.5–20 mm long, 1.5–3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes spreading during maturation, golden yellow to brown, broadly ovate, the base becoming more narrow, 1.7–2 mm long, 1.2–1.8 mm wide, keel acute and green, 3–5-veined, keel mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 1–1.6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 0.2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet light to dark brown, somewhat shiny, the margins almost black, obovoid, obtriangular to obcordate, flat, 0.9–1.1 mm long, 0.6–0.9 mm wide, minutely papillose in longitudinal rows
Ecology
Pool edges, swamps, wet depressions in cultivated area, recently disturbed silt on riverbanks, 0–1650 m
Conservation
Least concern (LC) due to its wide distribution
Note
This species is easily recognized by its small habit, strong zigzag axis, mucronate glumes and flattened nutlets.
Distribution
Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Burundi, Sudan, Somalia, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, South Africa Flora districts: U1 U3 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Congo, Guinea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Aruba, Ecuador, Netherlands Antilles, Venezuela

Cyperus pelophilus Ridl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bidgood, S. [6079], Tanzania Pycreus pelophilus K000468346
Bidgood, S. [5839], Tanzania Pycreus pelophilus K000468586

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 129 (1884)

Not accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pycreus pelophilus.]
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pycreus pelophilus.]
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Pycreus pelophilus.]
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466. [Cited as Pycreus pelophilus.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/