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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
Cyperus margaritaceus Vahl.

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Tufted plant with contiguous stem bases thickened by numerous leaf-sheaths
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
With a capitate inflorescence of large spikelets, whitish with a green edge formed by the flattened glume tips
Ecology
Sandy ground.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Guinea, Thonning s.n. (C, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, robust, up to 70 cm tall, with swollen bulb-like base.
Morphology Culms
Culms 30–68 cm long, 0.8–1.9 mm wide, trigonous, with longitudinal ribs, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blade linear, flat to inrolled, 5–37 cm long, 1.6–3.7 mm wide, scabrid on margins, apex acuminate Leaf base on culm pale brown, 2–8 cm long. Leaves up to 45 cm long; basal leaf sheaths reddish-brown to blackish, covering the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, spreading or reflexed, 2–4, lowermost 2–8 cm long, 1–2.9 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1–9 per head, (broadly) ovate, 6–22 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, rachis straight.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dirty white, yellowish to pale reddish-brown, boat-shaped to elliptic-lanceolate, 5.7–11 mm long, 3.2–6.4 mm wide, keel prominent, many veins on either side of keel, apex acute, sometimes slightly excurrent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 4.8–8.8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1.9–4.1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet pale brown to dark olive, ovoid to orbicular, trigonous, 2.2–3 mm long, 2–2.1 mm wide, smooth, apiculate.
Ecology
Open woodland or grassland, riverbanks, often on sandy or loamy soil; 900–2000 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution
Distribution
Range: Widespread in west tropical Africa, central Africa and southern Africa Flora districts: T3 T4 T5 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cyperus margaritaceus Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 25, 2016 Gray [447], Kenya K000743856
Aug 25, 2015 Osborne, J. [1002], Zambia K000569398
May 1, 2008 Robinson, E.A. [4781], Tanzania K000743858
May 1, 2008 Bidgood, S., Mwasumbi, L. [1113], Tanzania K000743869
May 1, 2008 Clair-Thompson, St. [482], Tanzania K000743873
May 1, 2008 Bjørnstad, A. [1436], Tanzania K000743874
May 1, 2008 Bjørnstad, A. [2100], Tanzania K000743877
May 1, 2008 Acres [122], Tanzania K000743864
May 1, 2008 Peter, A. [34044], Tanzania K000743865
May 1, 2008 Milne-Redhead [8833], Tanzania K000743881
May 1, 2008 Gereau [2689], Tanzania K000743879
May 1, 2008 Sayadel, P.O. [5327], Tanzania K000743878
May 1, 2008 Lloyd, H.M. [14], Tanzania K000743859
May 1, 2008 Milne-Redhead [8534], Tanzania K000743882
May 1, 2008 Lovett [1178], Tanzania K000743876
May 1, 2008 Jones, V. [35], Tanzania K000743861
May 1, 2008 Wingfield [857], Tanzania K000743880
May 1, 2008 Pedersen, C. [649], Tanzania K000743872
May 1, 2008 Mungure, M.B. [4725], Tanzania K000743868
May 1, 2008 Greenway, P.J., Savidge, J. [14125], Tanzania K000743875
May 1, 2008 Peter, A. [35033], Tanzania K000743867
May 1, 2008 Richards, H.M. [7104], Tanzania K000743866
May 1, 2008 Bullock, A.A. [2576], Tanzania K000743862
Jan 7, 2008 Sanou, L. [BUR-563], Burkina Faso K000743782
Dec 18, 2007 Mali [ML-385], Mali K000743780
Jan 1, 2007 Heath [501], Botswana K000743936
Jan 1, 2007 Heath [501], Botswana K000743937
Jul 1, 2003 Geerling, C. [3712], Nigeria K000743806
Jan 1, 1996 Luwiika, B., Harder, D.K., Bingha [373], Zambia K000743915
Jan 1, 1995 Laegaard, S. [16946], Senegal K000743774
Aug 1, 1990 de Wilde, J.J., Arends, J.C. [9145], Gabon K000743831
Jul 1, 1892 Vogel [s.n.], Ghana K000743796
Schinz, H. [376], South Africa K000362856
Adam, J.G. [1887], Senegal K000743778
Hall, J.B. [1311], Ghana K000743794
Warnecke [127], Togo K000743798
Vogel, T. [19], Niger K000743801
Onochie [35821], Nigeria K000743808
Berhaut [6169], Senegal K000743813
Audru [190], Chad K000743817
Lisowski, S. [11468], Congo, DRC K000743823
De Witte [3155], Congo, DRC K000743830
De Witte [2716], Congo, DRC K000743834
De Witte [7417], Congo, DRC K000743837
Tisserant, R.P. [669], Congo, DRC K000743838
Tisserant, R.P. [669], Congo, DRC K000743839
Mrs. Macaulay [80], Zambia K000743890
Angus, A. [1460], Zambia K000743894
Goodier, R. [456], Zimbabwe K000743929
Philcox, D., Leppard, M.J. [8712], Zimbabwe K000743935
de Menezes, A. [1314], Angola K000743944
Milne-Redhead, E. [4233], Angola K000743947
Kolberg, H. [HK832], Namibia K000743960
Leistner, C.A. [1592], Namibia K000743965
Ward, C.J. [10066], South Africa K000743984
Rodin, R.J. [3597], South Africa K000743989
Mlangwa, J.A. [119], Tanzania K000743870
J.K. [5652], Congo K000743821
Detilleux, E. [449], Congo, DRC K000743825
Lubke, R.A. [191], South Africa K000743976
Brummitt, R.K. [11626], Malawi K000743889
van Rensburg, H.J. [2718], Zambia K000743916
Irvine, F.R. Dr. [5018], Ghana K000743789
Raal, P. [398], South Africa K000703981
Wild, H. [1673], Zimbabwe K000743924
Hooper [311], Zambia K000743919
de Winter [578], South Africa K000743973
Tuley, P. [882], Nigeria K000743807
Chevalier, A. [9324], Chad K000743818
Warnecke [127], Togo K000743797
Richards, H.M. [8323], Zambia K000743902
Seydel, R. [2473] K000743966
Broadbent, J.A. [134], Senegal K000743777
Hooper [638A], Congo, DRC K000743854
Symoens, J.J. [11130], Congo, DRC K000743824
Richards, H.M. [7307], Zambia K000743896
Craeter, W. [45], Zimbabwe K000743934
Zwanziger, S. [262], South Africa K000743982
Hochobes, M.M. [MH1058], Namibia K000743961
Sharpe, R.R. [596], South Africa K000743994
Kornes, J. [2965], Zambia K000743918
Killick [3060], Namibia K000743953
Baum, H. [310], Angola K000743945
Hall, J.B. [40409], Ghana K000743795
Overlaet [256], Congo, DRC K000743852
Adam, J.G. [018185], Senegal K000743775
Fenner, J.E.L. [203], Malawi K000743885
Hansen, O.J. [3272], Botswana K000743942
Wedermann [1615], South Africa K000743952
Boughey, A.S. [10416], Ghana K000743792
Peter, A. [34825], Tanzania K000743860
Hooper [309], Zambia K000743910
Kassner, T. [2075], Zambia K000743891
[illegible] [1015], Ghana K000743786
Richards, H.M. [8173], Zambia K000743901
de Menezes, A. [1540], Angola K000743943
Rogers, F.A. Rev. [4087], Zimbabwe K000743933
Story, R. [6265], Namibia K000743958
Aké Assi, L. [4822], Burkina Faso K000391898
Biegel, H.M. [1600], Zimbabwe K000743930
de Winter, B. [3883], Namibia K000743963
Esterhupen, E.E. [1177], South Africa K000743988
Richards, H.M. [7975], Zambia K000743912
Robinson, E.A. [1081], Zambia K000743907
Hooper [153], Zambia K000743920
Davidse, G. [5958], South Africa K000743978
Magogo [772], Tanzania K000743857
Heath [2345], Botswana K000743938
Cook, C.D.K. [499], Nigeria K000743803
Morton, J.K. [6156], Ghana K000743791
Phelps, R.J. [193], Zimbabwe K000743925
Sterhuper, E.E. [1178], South Africa K000743986
Bingham, M.G. [9883], Zambia K000743899
Dybowski, J. [s.n.], Congo, DRC K000743828
Richards, H.M. [8970], Zambia K000743900
Nuvunga, A. [552], Mozambique K000743883
Miller, O.B. [3230], South Africa K000743927
De Witte [5196], Congo, DRC K000743836
Gossweiler, J. [9463], Angola K000743946
Goyder, D.J. [8335], Angola K000743949
Angus, A. [3509], Zambia K000743914
Mott, P.J. [1122], Botswana K000743939
Killick [3060], Namibia K000743954
Eugler, A. [6322], Namibia K000743955
Hines, C.J.H. [365], Namibia K000743962
Lecomte, H. [26], Congo K000743820
Smith, P.A. [326], Botswana K000743941
Robinson, E.A. [4328], Zambia K000743904
Leistner, O.A. [1592], South Africa K000743990
de Winter, B. [4098], Namibia K000743968
Hooper [1326], Kenya K000743855
Gibbs Russell, G.E. [2876], Botswana K000743940
de Winter [7019], Namibia K000743956
Jacques-Félix, H. [4068], Cameroon K000743841
Angus, A. [1460], Zambia K000743893
Goodier, R. [455], Zimbabwe K000743926
Richards, H.M. [12503], Zambia K000743909
Smook, L. [9192], Namibia K000743950
Robinson, E.A. [2065], Zambia K000743903
Corby, H.D.L. [291], Zimbabwe K000743932
Irvine, F.R. [1439] K000743787
Westfall, R.H. [1662], South Africa K000743980
Burtt Davy, J. [775], South Africa K000743972
Lecomte, H. [26], Congo K000743819
Rodin, R.J. [3589], South Africa K000743985
van Rensburg, H.J. [1213], Zambia K000743911
Leistner, O.A. [2120], South Africa K000743993
Adams, G.D. [357], Ghana K000743790
Wilson, S.G. [220], Malawi K000743884
Morton, G.C. [7157], Ghana K000743793
Story, R. [6132], Namibia K000743957
Angus, A. [908], Zambia K000743897
Siame, W. [269], Zambia K000743905
Miller, O.B. [3194], Zimbabwe K000743928
Smook, L. [9166], Namibia K000743951
Acocks, J.P.H. [247], South Africa K000743992
Carson, A. [20], Zambia K000743892
Pole-Evans, L.B. [16979], South Africa K000743969
Poisson, M.E. [s.n.] K000743800
Van Vuuren, D.R.J. [1404], South Africa K000743975
Martins [4130], Angola K000743948
Lowe, J. [2494], Nigeria K000743812
Santo, E. [3090] K000743781
Morton, J.K. [1678], Ghana K000743783
Weber, O. [228], Zimbabwe K000743923
Fenner, J.E.L. [231], Malawi K000743887
Fenner, J.E.L. [220], Malawi K000743886
Donaldson, C.H. [74], South Africa K000743971
Tinley, K.L. [1376], Namibia K000743959
Ismail, M. [4238], Tanzania K000743863
Phillips, E. [718], Malawi K000743888
Leistner, O.A. [1546], South Africa K000743991
De Witte [3196], Congo, DRC K000743833
Vogel [210], Congo, DRC K000743829
Huntley, B.J. [1946], South Africa K000743977
s.coll. [183], South Africa K000743987
Barter [620], Nigeria K000743802
Weber, O. [206], Zimbabwe K000743922
Moss, C.E. [9747], South Africa K000743970
Dalziel, J.M. [556], Nigeria K000743805
Richards, H.M. [3677], Zambia K000743895
de Winter, B. [2459], Namibia K000743964
Hinds [13], Ghana K000743784
Daramola, B.O. [55163], Nigeria K000743810
Symoens, J.J. [14123b], Congo, DRC K000743835
White, F. [6338], Zambia K000743908
Adam, J.G. [018271], Senegal K000743776
Nigeria [33294], Nigeria K000743809
Harris [892], Angola K000569013
Story, R. [6371], Namibia K000743967
Coetzee, B.J. [1508], South Africa K000743979
Compere, P. [1360], Congo, DRC K000743853
Koechlin, J. [4470], Congo K000743822
Irvine, F.R. [1439] K000743788
Gilges, W. [942], Zambia K000743913
Codd [9099], South Africa K000743974
Compéro [1016], Congo, DRC K000743826
Robinson, E.A. [999], Zambia K000743906
Richards, H.M. [3839], Zambia K000743898
Dalziel, J.M.? [1117], Nigeria K000743811
Dalziel, J.M. [275], Nigeria K000743804
Quarré [134], Congo, DRC K000743827
Hall, B. [2594], Ghana K000743785
De Witte [3196], Congo, DRC K000743832
Astle, W.L. [4267], Zambia K000743917
Weber, O. [167], Zimbabwe K000743931
Testu [4091], Congo, DRC K000743840
Brummitt [14336], Zambia K000743921
Skues [s.n.], Gambia K000743779
Moll, E.J. [4896], South Africa K000743983

First published in Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 307 (1805)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 376 (1967).
  • Enum. Pl. 2: 307 (1806)
  • F.T.A. 8: 321
  • Kük, in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyper. 284, incl. var. pseudoniveus (Boeck.) C.B. Cl. (1936)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P. 2: 307 (1805)
  • E.P. 4, 20 (101): 284 (1936)
  • F.T.A. 8: 321 (1902)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 257, fig. 519 (1983).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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