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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Leafy plant up to 70 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Broad bracts surrounding a head of sessile, pale spikelets ovate, acute, ciliate glumes
Ecology
Forest and cultivated land.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Congo-Kinshasa, Stanley Pool, Hens B7 (BR!, K!, syn.), 69 (BR!, syn.) & 389 (BR!, syn.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, slender, with a thick creeping rhizome, up to 56 cm tall.
Morphology Culms
Culms 17–54 cm long, 1.4–3.9 mm wide, triquetrous, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 38 cm long. Leaf sheath reddish-brown to deep purple, 1.5–7 cm long. Leaf blade linear, flat, 10–31 cm long, 0.4–1.2 cm wide, with 2 main veins next to primary vein, scabrid on margins and veins, apex acute to acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts 4–7. Leaf-like, spreading, 10–34 cm long, 0.6–1.3 cm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate, sometimes loosely so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 7–20 per head, linear-lanceolate to ovoid, 7–18 mm long, 2.4–4 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes whitish grey, lanceolate-ovate, boat-shaped, manyveined, 2.7–4.7 mm long, 1.3–3.5 mm wide, scabrid on the margins, keel greenishwhite, apex acute Glumes spreading when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 1.3–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 0.6–1.3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet shiny brown, ellipsoid-obovoid, trigonous, 1.4–1.9 mm long, 0.9–1.3 mm wide, smooth, sometimes slightly minutely papillose
Ecology
In (wet) forest or woodland, often alongside paths, in clearings and alongside streams; 400–1200 m
Conservation
Least concern (LC)
Note
Looks very similar to C. chinsalensis but has more involucral bracts and smaller glumes.
Distribution
Flora districts: U2 U4 K4 T4 T6 T8 Range: Widespread in tropical West and central Africa, down into Angola

Native to:

Angola, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Cyperus mapanioides C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 1888 Hens. [69 (Series B)], Congo K000321330 Unknown type material
Dec 1, 1888 Hens. [7 (Series B)], Congo K000321329 Unknown type material

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 340 (1901)

Accepted by

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyper. 230, incl. var major (Boeck.) Kük. (1936).
  • in F.T.A. 8: 340 (1901)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 568 (1895)
  • F.T.A. 8: 340 (1902)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 160, figs. 295, 296 (1983).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0