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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Tropical Africa, India.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: India, no further details (B-W, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Dwarf annual, delicate, up to 20 cm tall.
Morphology Culms
Culms tufted, crowded, 2.5–11(–20) cm long, 0.5–0.9 mm wide, trigonous, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 13 cm long. Leaf blade linear, flat or inrolled, 1–10 cm long, 0.7–1.1 mm wide, scabrid on margin near apex, apex acuminate Leaf sheath green to purple, 0.9–3.1 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, erect to spreading, 3–5, lowermost 3.5–14.5 cm long, 1.5–2.3 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple anthela, primary branches 1–4, 0.5–1.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets in digitate clusters, sessile and at the end of primary branches, 3–16 per cluster, linear-lanceolate, flattened, 7.2–9 mm long, 1–1.3 mm wide, rachis straight, 10–14-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes green with red streaks, 2.2–2.8 mm long (including the 0.8–1.1 mm long recurved mucro), 0.4–0.5 mm wide, imbricate at flowering, later diverging and spreading, keel 3-veined, apex mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers ± 0.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet brownish, oblong, trigonous, 1–1.1 mm long, ± 0.4 mm wide, minutely tuberculate.
Ecology
Grassland, roadside; near sea level up to 1200 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution and common habitat.
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 K7 T3 T4 T6 T8 Range: India

Native to:

India, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda

Cyperus maderaspatanus Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1969 Faulkner, H.G. [258], Malawi K000480542
Ballard, F. [1492], Sri Lanka K000480525
Mathew, B. [51210], India K000480530
Hooper, S. [2451], India K000480524
Clayton, D. [5115], Sri Lanka K000480526
Hooper, S. [18084], India K000480527
Oct 5, 1982 Mohan, A. [11247], India Mariscus maderaspatanus K000480528
Jun 1, 1972 Phipps, J.B. [2645], Malawi Mariscus maderaspatanus K000480543
Venugopal, N. [21163], India Mariscus maderaspatanus K000480529
Hall-Martin, A.J. [603], Malawi Mariscus maderaspatanus K000480544

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 1: 278 (1797)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 253, fig. 509 (1983).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 278 (1797)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0