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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Central Asia.
Cyperus iria L.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 6 - 230 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: India, Osbeck 70.16 (LINN 7016,chosen by Tucker in Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43: 91 (1994))
Morphology General Habit
Annual, up to 45 cm tall.
Morphology Culms
Culms tufted, 21–36 cm long, 1.4–2.2 mm wide, trigonous, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blade linear, flat to folded, 17–29 cm long, 3.2–5 mm wide, scabrid on margins and veins, apex acuminate Leaf sheath green to reddish brown, 3.5–8 cm long. Leaves up to 37 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, spreading, 2–4, lowermost 14–30 cm long, 2.1–4.3 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence simple, primary branches 3–8, 1–11 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets in irregularly shaped clusters, sessile and at the end of primary branches, few to many per cluster, 4–14.3 mm long, 1.6–3.3 mm wide, the rachis straight to zigzag.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes golden brown with an uncoloured margin, obovate to rounded, 1.4–1.9 mm long, 1.4–1.7 mm wide, keel greenish, with a slightly excurrent midrib, apex rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2–3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments ± 1.3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet dark brown to almost black, ellipsoid-obovoid, trigonous, 1.3–1.6 mm long, 0.6–0.8 mm wide, with a very short apiculus, minutely papillose in longitudinal rows to almost smooth.
Ecology
Swamp grassland, edge of seasonal pools, streambanks in dry zones, rice fields; 750–1200 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution and common habitat
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 U3 K2 K3 T4 T5 T6 T7 Range: Widespread throughout Africa and Asia, Australia

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Annual up to 76 cm. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Obtuse, golden, very compressed spikelets in oblong, erect spikes
Ecology
Edge of open water.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tussocky annual with numerous short roots
Morphology Stem
Stems 8–50 cm long and 0.6–3 mm thick, triangular, glabrous, green
Morphology Leaves
Largest leaf-blades 4–25 cm long and 1–5 mm wide, flat, scabrid on margin and major ribs; leaf-sheaths green to reddish brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a lax anthela 1.5–20 cm long and 1–20 cm wide, with groups of spikes sessile or on 0.5–15 cm long major peduncles (rays); involucral bracts leafy, the largest 5–30 cm long and 1–6 mm wide Spikes sessile or almost so, rather irregular in shape and length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2–10 x 1.5–2 mm, 5–20-flowered, golden to yellowish green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 1.3–1.6 mm long, obovate or rounded, golden brown with an uncoloured margin and a greenish slightly excurrent midrib
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet 1.2–1.4 x 0.6–0.7 mm, obovate, triangular with a short apiculus, dark brown to nearly black as mature; surface almost smooth.
Distribution
?S3 pantropical at least as a weed.
Ecology
Altitude probably below 100 m.
Note
This was said to occur in southern Somalia in Cuf. Enum. (1970), but no specimen has been seen and the record needs confirmation.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Somalia, South Australia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Chagos Archipelago, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Georgia, Honduras, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nauru, New Caledonia, New York, Nicobar Is., North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is.

Cyperus iria L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 1996 Parnell [95-204a], Thailand K000467236
Aug 1, 1996 Parnell [95-260a], Thailand K000467237
Aug 1, 1996 Parnell [95-428], Thailand K000467235
Oct 1, 1982 Hage, J.L. [1189], Bahia K000188737
Oct 1, 1982 Santos, T.S. [3626], Bahia K000188738
Nov 1, 1968 Beusekom, C.F. van [1207], Thailand K000467229
Jan 1, 1967 Smitinand, T. [5825], Thailand K000467217
Jan 1, 1967 Smitinand, T. [5858], Thailand K000467218
Dec 1, 1964 Koenig [s.n.] K000309397 isotype
Sep 1, 1892 Grey, I. [s.n.], Mauritius K000362687
Aug 1, 1892 Kotschy [267], Sudan K000321370 Unknown type material
Aug 1, 1892 Kotschy [267], Sudan K000321371 Unknown type material
Jul 1, 1892 Giles, G. [s.n.], Australia K000309530 syntype
Kerr, A.F.G. [19727], Thailand K000467206
Kerr, A.F.G. [19727], Thailand K000467207
Kerr, A.F.G. [892], Thailand K000467208
Kerr, A.F.G. [11033], Thailand K000467211
Kerr, A.F.G. [11033], Thailand K000467212
Kerr, A.F.G. [21388], Thailand K000467213
Kerr, A.F.G. [21388], Thailand K000467214
Hoed, G.den [206], Thailand K000467216
Heckman, C.W. [C-15a], Thailand K000467221
Larsen, K. [2211], Thailand K000467220
Howard, A.J. [19], Thailand K000467223
Marcan, A. [1497], Thailand K000467224
Howard, A.J. [18], Thailand K000467227
Put [2599], Thailand K000467228
Put [2630], Thailand K000467230
Kerr, A.F.G. [19673], Thailand K000467231
Kerr, A.F.G. [9289], Thailand K000467232
Chantaranothai, P. [90/32], Thailand K000467234
Simpson, D.A. [1754], Thailand K000467238
Bidgood, S. [6109], Tanzania K000468316
Gosse [11], Australia K000309531 syntype
Hage, J.L. [1128], Bahia K000188736
Kerr, A.F.G. [3641], Thailand K000467210
Kerr, A.F.G. [21379], Thailand K000467205
Kerr, A.F.G. [21379], Thailand K000467215
Heckman, C.W. [C-15b], Thailand K000467225
Put [2145], Thailand K000467209
Tagawa, M. [T949], Thailand K000467219
Howard, A.J. [18], Thailand K000467226
Chantaranothai, P. [90/680], Thailand K000467222
Chantaranothai, P. [90/32], Thailand K000467233
Jul 1, 1892 s.coll. [s.n.], Japan Cyperus iria var. paniciformis K000309404 Unknown type material

First published in Sp. Pl.: 45 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Rothrock, P.E. (2009). Sedges of Indiana and adjacent states: the non-Carex species: 1-271. Indiana Academy of Sciences.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • de Oliveira Ribeiro, A.R. & al. (2014). Cyperaceae do rio Apodi-Mossoró, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Hoehnea 41: 149-171.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2: 376, 385 (1967).
  • Cherm. in Arch. Bot. Caen 7, Mém. 4: 12 (1936)
  • F.T.A. 8: 346
  • Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyper.: 150 (1936)
  • Sp. Pl. 45 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Packer, J.G. & Gould, J. (2007). Vascular Plants of alberta 1: 1-281. University of Calgary Press.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • de Oliveira Ribeiro, A.R. & al. (2014). Cyperaceae do rio Apodi-Mossoró, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Hoehnea 41: 149-171.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by K. A. Lye [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P. 4, 20 (101): 150 (1936)
  • F.T.A. 8: 346 (1902)
  • Fl. Eth. 6: 453 (1997).
  • Fl. Somalia 4: 124 (1995)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 198, figs. 391, 392 (1983)
  • Sp. Pl.: 45 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/