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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Ethiopia, Mt Scholoda, 3 km W of Adua, Schimper 348 (P, lecto., BR!, HAL, K!, UPS, isolecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial to 133 cm tall, robust, with short thick woody rhizomes forming dense tussocks.
Morphology Culms
Culms densely tufted, 55–120 cm long, 2.4–5.7 mm wide, trigonous to triquetrous, smooth
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 145 cm long. Leaf blade linear, with several major veins, flat, 54–130 cm long, 0.9–1.6 cm wide, scabrid on margins and major veins, apex acuminate Leaf sheath dark purple and glossy and the base, rather thick, 5–15(–27) cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, spreading, 5–10 to many, lowermost 30–125 cm long, 0.8–1.6 cm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence compound, often proliferating, primary branches 7–17, 3–10 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets in digitate clusters, at the end of primary, secondary and tertiary branches, 1–5 per cluster, linear-lanceolate, 4.3–12.7 mm long, 1.6–2.2 mm wide, rachis straight to slighty curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes rusty reddish-brown, ovate-lanceolate, 2.1–2.4 mm long, 0.9–1.6 mm wide, keel shortly excurrent, apex acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 2.1–2.7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1.1–1.6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet reddish-brown, obovoid-ellipsoid, 0.9–1.3 mm long, 0.6–0.7 mm wide, minutely papillose.
Ecology
In montane and riverine forest, woodland, forest margins, in shade and semi-shade, often near wet areas; 400–2650 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution and common habitat.
Distribution
Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Malawi Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T6 T7

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Cyperus fischerianus G.W.Schimp. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schimper [348], Ethiopia K000321366 isolectotype

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 488 (1850)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P. 4, 20 (101): 203 (1936)
  • F.T.A. 8: 342 (1902)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 155, fig. 286 (1983).
  • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 488 (1850)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0