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  1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cyperus L.
      1. Cyperus digitatus Roxb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 950 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Perennial, robust, up to 2 m high, with a thick woody creeping, scale-covered rhizome, 1–1.5 cm in diameter.
    Culms
    Culms spaced in a row on the horizontal rhizome, 77–153 cm long, 0.5–1 cm wide, triquetrous, sometimes ± winged, smooth to scabrid on the margins
    Leaves
    Leaf sheath reddish to yellowishbrown, 10–30 cm long. Leaf blade 18–85 cm long, 0.7–1.9 cm wide, linear 2 main veins next to primary vein, flat, scabrid on the veins and margins, apex acuminate Leaves few, up to 100 cm long.
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts 2–4. Leaf-like, spreading, lowermost 15.5–67 cm long, 1–1.9 cm wide
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence simple to compound, primary branches 3–8, 2.7–12 cm long, prophylls 1.5–2.5 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets in crowded clusters on elongated axis, sessile and at the end of primary and secondary branches, 20–many per cluster, 4.5–13.5 mm long, 0.6–0.9 mm wide, linear, terete or angular.
    Glume
    Glumes reddish brown to golden, elliptic to obovate, 1.9–2.4 mm long, 0.7–1.3 mm wide, keel green, acute, 3–4-veined, apex (shortly) mucronate
    Stamens
    Stamens 3: filaments 2–2.6 mm long.
    Anthers
    Anthers 0.9–1.6 mm long
    Fruits
    Nutlet dark grey, narrowly ellipsoid-oblong, trigonous-triquetrous, 1.3–1.6 mm long, 0.3–0.4 mm wide, minutely papillate in longitudinal rows.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Nansei-shoto

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Galápagos

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Cyperus digitatus Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11781], Cameroon K000673392
    Oct 1, 2009 Etuge, M. [5162], Cameroon K000673393
    Dec 5, 2008 Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000592520 Unknown type material
    Apr 1, 1991 Carvalho, A.M. [3168], Bahia K000188704
    Oct 1, 1982 Brito, H.S. [51], Bahia K000188705
    Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [14339], Thailand K000434913
    Nov 7, 1930 Sir A.G. and Lady Bourne [1421], India K000592519
    Dec 1, 1891 Hooker [s.n.], India K000592522
    Dec 1, 1891 Gardner, G. [s.n.], Pernambuco K000188703
    Dec 1, 1891 Hostmann [898], Suriname K000602478
    Dec 1, 1891 Hostmann [898], Suriname K000602479
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3263], Thailand K000434905
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3263], Thailand K000434904
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4496], Thailand K000434920
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4467], Thailand K000434919
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6975], Thailand K000434918
    Bidgood, S. [5176], Tanzania K000190404
    Bidgood, S. [5374], Tanzania K000190604
    Wilkin, P. [824], Thailand K000434911
    Put [105], Thailand K000434916
    illegible [203], Thailand K000434915
    Marcan, A. [2701], Thailand K000434912
    Marcan, A. [1830], Thailand K000434914
    Howard, A.J. [16], Thailand K000434909
    Howard, A.J. [13], Thailand K000434906
    Hoed, G.den [695], Thailand K000434917
    Smitnand, T. [5412], Thailand K000434910
    Smitnand, T. [5824], Thailand K000434908
    Niyomdhm, C. [1532], Thailand K000434907
    Vanpnuk, P. [1000], Thailand K000434921

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Ind. 1: 209 (1820)

    Accepted by

    • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • E.P. 4, 20 (101): 55 (1936)
    • Fl. Ind. 1: 205 (1832)
    • Hort. Bengal.: 81 (1814)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0