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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Africa, Tropical & Subtropical America.
Oxycaryum cubense (Poep. & Kunth) Lye

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Leafy plants up to 50 cm- high with slender rhizomes, trigonous stems and very long spreading bracts
Ecology
In permanent marsh or in or near permanent water, sometimes floating.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Cuba, ‘in paludosis’, Poeppig s.n. (B, holo., not found)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial aquatic floating herb, with long hanging roots and stolons 5–20 cm long and to 3 mm thick, with ovate blackish scales 2–3 cm long.
Vegetative Multiplication Stolons
Stolons spreading horizontally and producing new plants at their tips.
Morphology Stem
Stems 40–70 cm tall, 3–5 mm thick (to 8 mm across the sheath), sharply triangular, glabrous, covered in the lower part by inflated lower-leaf sheaths to 12 cm long, with a rim of hairs as ligule
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basal or nearly so, often purplish near base, linear, 40–90 × 0.4–1.1 cm; midrib and margins scabrid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence bracts leaf-like, 15–60 cm long, 4–9 mm wide. Inflorescence an open umbel of (3–)5–10 heads on stalks 1–45 mm long, each head with many tightly packed spikelets; heads globose, 5–15 mm across.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets brown, terete, many-flowered, 3.5–6 mm long, 2.5–5.5 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes brown, ± 3.5 mm long, apex thick and acuminate, keel of midrib smooth or scabrid, margin with long ciliate hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1.5–1.8 mm, crested
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style-branches 2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets yellowish and brown, elongate, 1.9–3 × 0.6–1 mm, long-beaked, smooth, glabrous
Figures
Fig. 21, p127
Ecology
Floating in lakes, swamps and pools, either on its own (may form mats) or on small floating islands, or on lake and river edges in up to 30 cm deep water, rooting in silt; 0–1200 m
Conservation
Wisepread but nowhere common, apart from temporarily in suitable habitats. Least concern (LC).
Distribution
Range: Widespread in tropical Africa and America Flora districts: U3 U4 K3 K7 T1 T4 T6 T7 T8

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 230 - 900 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, acuática
Conservation
No Evaluada

Native to:

Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cyperus blepharoleptos Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Sasaki, D. [2445], Mato Grosso Oxycaryum cubense K000579115
Oct 1, 1987 Lutzelburg, Ph.von [255], Bahia Oxycaryum cubense K000189125
Jun 6, 1984 Wright, C. [3380], Cuba Oxycaryum cubense K000632049
Jun 6, 1984 Schomburgk [371], Guyana Oxycaryum cubense K000632048
Jun 1, 1984 Pickel, D.B. [2199], Pernambuco Oxycaryum cubense K000189127
Jun 1, 1984 Mori, S.A. [11528], Bahia Oxycaryum cubense K000189124
Jun 1, 1984 Pickel, D.B. [3778], Pernambuco Oxycaryum cubense K000189126
Speke [s.n.], Sudan Oxycaryum cubense K000416431
Speke [s.n.], Sudan Oxycaryum cubense K000416432
Melo, E. [1821], Bahia Oxycaryum cubense K000189129
França, F. [2295], Bahia Oxycaryum cubense K000189128
Melo, E. [1748], Bahia Oxycaryum cubense K000189130

First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 28 (1854)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Larridon, I., Reynders, M., Huygh, W., Bauters, K., Vrijdaghs, A., Leroux, O., Muasya, A.M., Simpson, D.A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011). Taxonomic changes in C3 Cyperus (Cyperaceae) supported by molecular phylogenetic data, morphology, embryology, ontogeny and anatomy Plant ecology and evolution 144: 327-356.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Oxycaryum cubense.]
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Oxycaryum cubense.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/