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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Angola, Malange, von Mechow 182 (BR!, holo.; B!, BR!, M!, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, up to 100 cm tall, stoloniferous, stolons 1–11 cm long, 2–6 mm in diameter, densely covered by brown multi-veined scales which sometimes split into fibres.
Morphology Culms
Culms solitary. Culm base swollen and covered in leaf sheaths, 14–98 cm long, 1.4–2.7 mm wide, trigonous, smooth
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 64 cm long. Leaf blade linear, flat or folded, rather thick, 7–56 cm long, 3.5–8 mm wide, scabrid on margin and primary vein, apex acuminate Leaf sheath at base brown, higher up green, 2.5–10 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, spreading or reflexed, 3–4, lowermost 2.5–13 cm long, 3.1–5 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets crowded, many per head, ovoid, 6–11.2 mm long, 4–5.7 mm wide, rachis straight.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes greyish-white to sometimes pinkish-white, lanceolate, 4.2–7 mm long, 1.5–2.7 mm wide, keel, apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 5–6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1.6–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet yellowish brown to olive green, obovoid, trigonous, 2.5–3.2 mm long, 1.3–1.6 mm wide, minutely papillose
Ecology
In dry grassland with shrubs or scattered trees, often in places where burning is frequent; (450–)1400–2550 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 T1 T4 T7 T8 Range: Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo Brazaville, Gabon, Rwanda, CongoKinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Perennial from a stout creeping rhizome
Morphology Leaves
Firm, rough, grey-green leaves up to 1 cm. wide
Morphology Stem
Erect stems to 1 m. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
A hemispherical white head up to 2 cm. across of coarse Mariscus-like spikelets subtended by spreading bracts; anthers large, yellow
Ecology
Montane savanna, conspicuous after burning.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cyperus angolensis Boeckeler appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Flora 63: 435 (1880)

Accepted by

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 321
  • Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyper. 281. (1936)
  • in Flora 63: 435 (1880)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P. 4, 20 (101): 281 (1936)
  • F.T.A 8: 321 (1902)
  • Flora 63: 435 (1880)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 255, figs. 514, 515 (1983).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0