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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.
Cyperus brevifolius

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
fosforito, espadilla

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: India, König s.n. (C, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial with a thin creeping rhizome.
Morphology Culms
Culms solitary and spaced along the rhizome, 5–55 cm long, 0.5–1.2 mm wide, triangular, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath reddish to purplish, 1–7 cm long. Leaves up to 23 cm long. Leaf blade linear, grooved along midrib, 3–23 cm long, 1.2–3 mm wide, scabrid on margins and midrib
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, 2–3, the longest erect, the other(s) spreading or reflexed, lowermost 2–6(–10) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a yellowish to dark brown or blackish small globose or ovoid head 4–10 × 4–8 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets in a single spike, many and dense, narrowly ovoid, 2.2–4.2 × 0.6–1.3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes yellow-green with green keel or dark golden brown to grey-green or blackish, ovate, 2–3.7 mm long, keel green, apex acuminate or the keel excurrent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments to 2.6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1–1.3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet black when mature, broadly (ob-)ovoid and flattened, 1.1–1.4 × 0.7–0.9 mm, minutely papillose
Figures
Fig. 47: 1-4. p314

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2850 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, trepadora
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Conservation
Least concern.
Ecology
Alt. 0 - 2850 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb or creeper.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Diagnostic
Similar to K. erecta in the inflorescence but having an elongated slender rhizome
Ecology
In damp places.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Ascension, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Socotra, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Azores, California, Canary Is., Fiji, Hawaii, Kermadec Is., Madeira, Marianas, Niue, Norfolk Is., Portugal, Spain, Tonga

Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9544], Cameroon K000050649
Dec 17, 2011 s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa Kyllinga brevifolia K000290926 Unknown type material
Aug 1, 1996 Parnell [95-295], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595290
Aug 1, 1996 Parnell [95-071], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595289
Feb 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [21619], Bahia Kyllinga brevifolia K000189171
Feb 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [21619], Bahia Kyllinga brevifolia K000189172
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [6254], Bahia Kyllinga brevifolia K000189174
Nov 26, 1898 Loher, A. [772], Philippines Kyllinga brevifolia K000290928
Nov 26, 1898 Loher, A. [773], Philippines Kyllinga brevifolia K000881662
Mar 1, 1887 s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] Kyllinga brevifolia K001132601
Cuming, H. [552], Philippines Kyllinga brevifolia K000290927 Unknown type material
Noblick, L.R. [2531], Bahia Kyllinga brevifolia K000189173
Chantaranothai, P. [1432], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595282
Chantaranothai, P. [90/265], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595284
Howard, A.J. [24], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595298
Hoed, G.den [145], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595300
Thorel, M. [461], Vietnam Kyllinga brevifolia K000595303
Hansen, B. [11882], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595307
Wilkin, P. [843B], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595309
Chantaranothai, P. [90/631], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595315
Hostmann [597], Surinam Kyllinga brevifolia K000308259 Unknown type material
Kerr, A.F.G. [3253], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595294
Phusomsaeng, S. [53], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595301
Kerr, A.F.G. [6624], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595297
Kerr, A.F.G. [4080], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595295
Chantaranothai, P. [90/522], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595314
Wilkin, P. [843B], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595310
Nooteboom, H.P. [740], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595313
Kerr, A.F.G. [11306], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595306
Chantranothai, P [90/265], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595288
Hansen, B. [11882], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595311
Nooteboom, H.P. [740], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595316
Shimizu, T. [11389], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595308
Simpson, D.A. [1721], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595291
Kerr, A.F.G. [14795], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595299
Kerr, A.F.G. [2650], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595293
Chantranothai, P [90/475], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595287
Put [4182], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595302
Kerr, A.F.G. [4339], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595296
Simpson, D.A. [1700], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595292
Chantaranothai, P. [1582], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595281
Niyondham, C. [1657], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595312
Kerr, A.F.G. [857], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595305
Simpson, D.A [1562], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595286
Chantaranothai, P. [1634], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595285
Tsang, W.T. [29905], Vietnam Kyllinga brevifolia K000595304
Chantaranothai, P. [907], Thailand Kyllinga brevifolia K000595283

First published in Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 24 (1844)

Accepted by

  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Patzelt, A. & al. (2020). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXIV. Sixty new records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 77: 413-437.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Kyllinga brevifolia.]
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Kyllinga brevifolia.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
  • Costa, S.M., Prata, A.P. & Alves, M. (2012). Kyllinga (Cyperaceae) do estado de Sergipe, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 63: 795-802.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Herrera, K., Lorence, D.H., Flynn, T. & Balick, M.J. (2010). Checklist of the Vascular plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with local names and uses Allertonia 10: 1-204.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
  • Patzelt, A. & al. (2020). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXIV. Sixty new records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 77: 413-437.
  • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.
  • Silveira, G.H. & Longhi-Wagner, H.M. (2008). Cyperaceae Juss. no Morro Santana - Porto Alegre e Viamåo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Iheringia: Botânica 63: 295-320.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Verloove, F. (2012). Notes on some Cyperaceae from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 93-99.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0