1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Schismatoglottis Zoll. & Moritzi

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Diagnostic
    Small to large, usually terrestrial (sometimes rheophytic) evergreen herbs; leaf blade narrow-elliptic to cordate-sagittate, sometimes variegated, submarginal collective vein absent, fine venation parallel-pinnate to transversely reticulate; spathe constricted, spathe limb deciduous after flowering; spadix usually but not always with terminal zone of sterile flowers; flowers unisexual, perigone absent; anthers truncate, never horned; ovules anatropous to hemianatropous, placentation parietal . Differs from other genera of the Schismatoglottideae in petiole sheath usually not ligulate.
    Habitat
    Tropical humid forest; terrestrial, forest floor, sometimes rheophytes.
    Distribution
    Trop. & Subtrop. Asia, SW. Pacific, S. Trop. America.
    General Description
    HABIT : small to large, evergreen herbs, rarely shortly, densely or long-pubescent, stem rhizomatous or epigeal, shortly erect. LEAVES : numerous, rarely distichous. PETIOLE : sheath less than half petiole length, sometimes with long apical ligule. BLADE : narrow-elliptic, elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate, ovate, obovate, cordate, cordate-sagittate, sometimes variegated with paler or silvery green, white or yellow; primary lateral veins pinnate, running into distinct marginal vein, secondary and tertiary laterals parallel-pinnate, higher order venation transverse-reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : 1-3 (or more) in each floral sympodium. PEDUNCLE : shorter than petiole. SPATHE : constricted between tube and blade, sometimes only slightly so, rarely not at all, tube convolute, persistent, blade thinner, erect, broadly boat-shaped, gaping at anthesis, caducous at anthesis, rarely marcescent, usually white to cream, sometimes greenish-yellow, very rarely pink, cuspidate to acuminate. SPADIX : shorter than or equalling spathe, lower part consisting of cylindric to conoid female zone, free or partially adnate to spathe, sometimes bearing sterile organs at the very base, upper part of spadix usually ± clavate, sometimes subcylindric, either fertile male below and sterile terminally, or sterile below and fertile male terminally, or sterile below, centrally fertile male and sterile terminally, lowermost sterile zone sometimes very laxly flowered, often constricted. FLOWERS : unisexual, perigone absent. MALE FLOWER : 2-3-androus, stamens very short to long, filaments usually well-developed, sometimes connate basally, always with distinctive tannin cells (dark in dried specimens), connective usually rather slender, sometimes thicker apically, anthers truncate, often concave apically, thecae opposite, cylindric or obconic to ovoid, dehiscing by apical, broadly elliptic, or bilobed pore. POLLEN : extruded in strands, inaperturate, ellipsoid to oblong, small (mean 20 µm., range 15-26 µm.), exine perfectly psilate, rarely rugulate to verruculate ( S. spruceana). STERILE MALE FLOWERS : staminodes less compressed than stamens, obpyramidal to clavate, usually truncate, short to long. FEMALE FLOWER : gynoecium sometimes accompanied by 1-4 clavate, rarely peltate staminodes with generally distinctly swollen apices, or rarely with sterile flowers scattered among gynoecia, ovary 1-locular, ovules (1-)few to many, anatropous to hemianatropous, funicle rather long, placentae 1-4, parietal, usually extending from base to apex of locule, style absent or very short, sometimes shortly conoid, stigma discoid to capitate, small to as wide as ovary. BERRY : oblong to globose, green or dull yellow or deep red, few to many-seeded. SEED : ellipsoid, testa costate, embryo straight, elongate, endosperm copious.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, China Southeast, Hainan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vanuatu

    Schismatoglottis Zoll. & Moritzi appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Johns, R.J. [11083], Papua New Guinea K001235125
    Jan 1, 2016 Johns, R.J. [11016], Papua New Guinea K001235126
    Apr 18, 2007 Edwards, P.J. [2092], Malaysia 75529.000
    57594.000
    58078.000
    58124.000
    58508.000
    Bogner, J. [1124] 29047.187
    Bogner, Malaysia 59073.000
    Edwards, P.J. [2130], Malaysia 74811.000
    Boyce, P.C. [733], Malaysia 59077.000
    Boyce, P.C. [793], Indonesia 59399.000
    Boyce, P.C. [754], Indonesia 60427.000
    Boyce, P.C. [747A], Indonesia 60428.000
    Boyce, P.C. [1092], Malaysia 62776.000
    Boyce, P.C. [747A], Malaysia 62901.000
    Boyce, P.C. [747], Malaysia 62903.000
    Boyce, P.C. [790], Malaysia 62906.000
    Boyce, P.C. [793], Malaysia 62945.000
    Boyce, P.C. [1417], Malaysia 63961.000
    Andrews [766], Malaysia 59033.000
    Mood, J. [1141B], Malaysia 63939.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 61237.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63650.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63652.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63653.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63654.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63678.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63679.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63680.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63704.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63706.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63709.000
    Herscovitch, C., Australia 63753.000
    Hetterscheid, W. [s.n.], Indonesia 70841.000
    Wiriadinata, H. [13338], Sulawesi K000501411
    Wiriadinata, H. [13338], Sulawesi K000501412
    Deden, G. [858], Indonesia K000501413

    First published in A.Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Java: 83 (1846)

    Accepted by

    • Wong, S.Y., Boyce, P.C., Sofiman bin Othman, A. & Pin, L.C. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of tribe Schismatoglottideae (Araceae) based on two pastid markers and recognition of a new tribe Philonotieae, from the neotropics Taxon 59: 117-124.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/