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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Habit
Biennial or perennial, rarely annual succulent herbs or subshrubs
Leaves
Leaves usually opposite, entire or deeply incised, or 3-foliate or pinnately 5-foliate
Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, usually many-flowered corymbose or paniculate cymes
Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, the occasional aberrant flower 3- or 5-merous
Calyx
Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, deeply 4-lobed or 4-fid
Corolla
Corolla tubular for at least two-thirds of its length, gibbous at the base; lobes spreading or reflexed
Stamens
Stamens 8, in 2 series, usually included; filaments inserted on the corolla-tube
Nectaries
Nectary scales 4
Carpels
Carpels 4, free to slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries; ovules numerous.

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Habit
Biennial or perennial or sometimes annual succulent herbs often with subrosulate leaves and scape-like inflorescence-axes, sometimes undershrubs or shrubs.
Leaves
Leaves usually opposite and decussate, connate at the base, the lower more or less approximate, the uppermost bract-like, sessile or petiolate; lamina undivided or rarely pinnatifid, entire, crenate or serrate, usually flat, sometimes semiterete, fleshy-succulent, sometimes thin.
Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, panicle- or corymb-like or thyrsoid, composed of cymes, usually many-flowered.
Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, erect, 4; pedicellate, medium-sized or ± large.
Calyx
Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, completely green or lineolate with purple or red; sepals nearly free or more or less connate, rarely up to or beyond the middle.
Corolla
Corolla gamopetalous along at least the lower 2/3; tube ± distinctly 4-angled, rounded and swollen near the base, usually constricted upwards; lobes 4, spreading or reflexed or erect and sometimes connivent, ± succulent, sometimes minutely papillose above, usually apiculate.
Stamens
Stamens 8, usually included; filaments ± connate with the corolla-tube, free above the middle of the tube; anthers ovate or oblong.
Carpels
Carpels 4, slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries.
Seeds
Seeds numerous, oblong, with longitudinally rugose tegument.
Nectaries
Scales semi-orbicular to linear, entire, crenulate or ± emarginate at the top.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Habit
Perennial herbs, erect or ascending, fleshy
Leaves
Leaves opposite, simple or imparipinnate, often bearing bulbils along the margin
Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or terminal and axillary paniculate cymes; flowers 4-merous, pedicellate, pendulous
Calyx
Calyx cylindrical or globose-campanulate to globose-inflated, shortly 4-fid, persistent, accrescent in fruit
Corolla
Corolla cylindrical-gibbous or subcampanulate to urceolate; lobes spreading
Stamens
Stamens 8, in 2 series, inserted near the base of the corolla-tube; filaments filiform
Nectaries
Nectary scales 4, oblong
Carpels
Carpels 4, distinct or slightly connate at the base, shorter than the style; ovules numerous.

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Habit
Succulent herbs, undershrubs or shrubs, usually with erect stem.
Leaves
Leaves opposite, verticillate or alternate, simple and unlobed or lobed to pinnatifid or sometimes pinnate, usually petiolate, rarely sessile, flat or sometimes terete, ± fleshy-succulent.
Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, usually corymb-like, loose to dense, few-to many-flowered, rarely panicle-like.
Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, large, in ± long pedicels, usually pendulous, brightly coloured.
Calyx
Calyx shorter than the corolla; sepals 4, rarely free, usually ± connate below, sometimes into a ± long cylindric, campanulate or swollen-urceolate tube.
Corolla
Corolla gamopetalous; tube subcylindric or urceolate, ± distinctly 4-angled, straight or slightly curved; lobes ovate, triangular or semicircular, usually shorter than the corolla-tube, spreading or reflexed.
Stamens
Stamens 8, inserted at the base or below the middle of corolla-tube; filaments ± exserted.
Carpels
Carpels 4, ± connate below; styles longer than the ovaries, usually exserted.
Fruits
Follicles with numerous seeds.
Seeds
Seeds oblong or obovoid with rugulose tegument.
Nectaries
Scales semicircular, quadrate or linear.

Native to:

Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Algeria, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Liberia, Madeira, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marcus I., Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, St.Helena, Sumatera, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Venezuela, Victoria, Windward Is.

Kalanchoe Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
13864.000
Philippines 29047.222
Tweedie, E.M. [551], Kenya 8519.000
Tweedie, E.M. [552], Kenya 8523.000
Bullock, A.A. [3976], Zambia 13859.000
Napier, E.R. [6657], Kenya 8522.000
Williams, G.R. [468], Kenya 13863.000
Myres, Zimbabwe 14444.000
Bogner, J. 34671.000
Mc Whinter, Madagascar 29047.261
Bleher [837], Madagascar 34402.000
Bryophyllum 16546.000

First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763)

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 390.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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