1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Lamium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia to Ethiopia.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Annual or rhizomatous or stoloniferous perennial herbs, pubescent with simple hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves toothed to deeply lobed, at least lower petiolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, lobes subequal or unequal (1/4)
    Corolla
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-5-lobed, (1-2/3), pink, purple, yellow or white, posterior lip long, hooded, often ± arched, often densely hairy outside, anterior lip with lateral lobes short and broad with 1-2 teeth or triangular-acute, median lobe mostly b
    Stamens
    Stamens not or very shortly exserted from corolla, anthers hairy or glabrous, thecae weakly distinct, bearded or glabrous
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes subequal or slightly unequal
    Fruits
    Nutlets truncate or subtruncate at apex, glabrous.
    Note
    2n = (14), 18, 36.  Seventeen to c. 30 species. Many authors place the divergent L. galeobdolon (L.) L. in a separate genus, characterized by having glabrous anthers, spiny bracts and calyx lobes, with an acute rather narrow median lobe of the lower lip o
    Ecology
    Mainly disturbed ground, hill slopes and forests
    Distribution
    Temperate regions of Old World, from Europe and Northern Africa to Eastern Asia, introduced to other temperate or mountainous areas in Oceania and America
    [FZ]

    Illecebraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Low shrublet with stiff, erect or suberect branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite but appearing as though verticillate; stipules free, scarious.
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense, subsessile, axillary cymes.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle cupuliform.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, small, free.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, minute.
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–2, like the perianth-parts perigynous.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1-locular with two basal ovules; style filiform, persistent.
    Fruits
    Fruit indehiscent, 1–2-seeded, surrounded by the persistent sepals and bracts; the rhachides of the inflorescence and lower parts of the bracts all enlarging and becoming fleshy in fruit.
    Seeds
    Seeds with a curved embryo.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bermuda, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, Georgia, Greenland, Hawaii, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Labrador, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

    Lamium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 579 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Mennema, Leiden Botanical Series 11: 1-196 (1989).
    • Lamiella Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 134 (1869).
    • Lamiopsis Opiz, Seznam: 56 (1852).
    • Wiedemannia Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Index Seminum (LE) 4: 51 (1838).
    • Psilopsis Neck., Elem. Bot. 1: 319 (1790), opus utique oppr.
    • Pollichia Schrank, Act. Erford. 3: 35 (1782)., (1781), non Pollichia Aiton.
    • Galeobdolon Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 190 (1763).
    • Lamiastrum Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 51 (1759).
    • Lamium L., Sp. Pl. 2: 579 (1753)
    • Orvala L., Sp. Pl.: 578 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0