1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Rhodospatha Poepp.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to S. Tropical America and Trinidad.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    Tropical humid forest; climbing hemiepiphytes, true epiphytes (?) or sometimes on rocks, juvenile plants often on forest floor.
    General Description
    HABIT : evergreen, usually climbing herbs, producing flagelliform shoots. LEAVES : many, distichously arranged. PETIOLE : geniculate apically, sheath long, persistent to marcescent. BLADE : oblong-elliptic, ± oblique, always entire; primary lateral veins pinnate, numerous, running into ± distinct marginal vein, secondary and tertiary laterals parallel-pinnate, higher order venation transverse-reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : usually solitary. PEDUNCLE : shorter to longer than petiole. SPATHE : broadly ovate or oblong-ovate, abruptly cuspidate, yellowish white, cream, purplish or pink within, caducous after anthesis. SPADIX : long-stipitate to sessile, cylindric-conic, basal flowers sometimes sterile or female and scattered. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigone absent. STAMENS : 4, filaments linear-oblong, flattened, connective slender, thecae ovoid to ellipsoid, dehiscing by longitudinal slit. POLLEN : extruded in strands, fully zonate or inaperturate, hamburger-shaped or ellipsoid to oblong, medium-sized (mean 47 µm., range 34-57 µm.), exine densely to sparsely foveolate and nearly psilate to obscurely fossulate or verrucate. GYNOECIUM : compressed obconic to cylindric, ovary 2-locular, ovules usually numerous per locule, rarely few ( R. venosa), anatropous to hemianatropous, funicle fairly long, placenta axile, rarely subbasal, style well-developed, broader than ovary, prismatic, truncate to convex apically, stigma elliptic to linear, usually oriented in long axis of spadix. BERRY : cylindric-prismatic, truncate, many- to few-seeded. SEEDS : rounded-reniform, flattened, testa brittle, very hard, smooth or with verrucose crest, embryo rather large, strongly curved, endosperm present but sparse.
    Distribution
    Mexico to Trop. America.
    Diagnostic
    Evergreen, climbing hemiepiphytes; trichosclereids abundant; leaf blades entire, oblong-elliptic, secondary and tertiary veins parallel-pinnate, fine venation transversely reticulate; spathe deciduous after flowering; flowers bisexual, perigone absent. Differs from Stenospermation in climbing hemiepiphytic habit, axile placentation, seeds flattened, rounded-reniform. Differs from Monstera in having entire leaf blades, seeds less than 3 mm long and lenticelular and in the presence of endosperm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Rhodospatha Poepp. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bogner [1621] 56146.000
    Mayo, S. [2022], Brazil 58055.000

    First published in E.F.Poeppig & S.L.Endlicher, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3: 91 (1845)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0