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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Central Asia, Macaronesia to India, Eritrea to Malawi, SW. Arabian Peninsula.
Fumaria capreolata

[FTEA]

Fumariaceae, G. L Lucas (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1962

Morphology General Habit
Herbs usually annual, erect to long-stemmed and straggling
Morphology Leaves
Leaves cauline, 2–4-pinnatisect ; tendrils absent ; sometimes the petiolule & rhachis prehensile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences in leaf-opposed racemes ; bracts usually persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers irregular, white to pink with some or all of the 4 petals dark pink to purple at their apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals papery
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petal bears a greenish keel which is often surrounded by a thinner margin or wing ; the lower petal is never spurred and is ± spathulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, united normally into 2 bundles of 3, as in Corydalis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovule 1
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a nutlet, smooth to rugose when dry.

[FZ]

Fumariaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves all cauline.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic in leaf-opposed racemes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Only the upper petal spurred.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules 1 or 1 on each placenta.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a nutlet.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, usually annual
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2 to 4 times pinnately divided, sometimes with sensitive petiolules
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes leaf-opposed; bracts usually persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Corolla irregular, with a spurred upper petal, 2 inner petals, and a lower petal. Stamens 6 in two bundles of 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded nut.
Distribution
Genus of some 50-60 species, from Europe and North Africa to central Asia and the Himalayas, one species in tropical Africa.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Extinct in:

Cape Verde

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Ascension, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Irkutsk, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Queensland, Québec, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tasmania, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wyoming, Zimbabwe

Fumaria Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Meikle [2106], Cyprus 46994.000
Meikle [2732], Cyprus 46995.000
Meikle [2313], Cyprus 47003.000
Rico, L. [1750], Armenia K000661662
Rico, L. [1945], Morocco K000564873
Rico, L. [1724], Armenia K000297249
Rico, L. [1932], Morocco K000564884

First published in Sp. Pl.: 700 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 314 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 699 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Lidén in Opera Bot. 88 (1986).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5 : 314 (1754)
  • Pugsl. in J.L.S. 44 : 233 (1919)
  • Pugsl. in J.L.S. 47 : 427 (1927)
  • Sp. Pl. : 699 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0