1. Family: Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.
    1. Lysimachia Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Falkland Island, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America, Australasia and Asia-Temperate.

    [FZ]

    Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or very rarely shrubs, prostrate or erect.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, entire.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary or in spike–like racemes or panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx more or less deeply 5–6–lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla rotate–or campanulate, white or yellow or rarely (as in F.Z. species) pink to purple, 5–6–lobed, the segments contorted, entire or dentate.
    Androecium
    Stamens equalling petals, epipetalous and oppositipetalous, often alternating with staminodes.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, ovoid or globose; style slender, with terminal stigma.
    Fruits
    Capsule usually dehiscing at apex by 5 valves, few–many–seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds various, usually angular.
    [FZ]

    Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Glabrous annual and perennial herbs; stems erect or prostrate and rooting at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile or subpetiolate, alternate or opposite, elliptic to suborbicular or rarely capillary, entire.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, 5(6)–merous, pedicellate or rarely sessile, solitary in leaf axils or in terminal racemes.
    Calyx
    Calyx gamosepalous, divided almost to the base; segments often with hyaline margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla subcampanulate; lobes shortly connate at the base, usually white or pale pink, rarely (in F.Z. area) bright blue or red.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, oppositipetalous and epipetalous, adnate to the base of the corolla; filaments free or connate into a short tube, often bearded with multicellular hairs; anthers basifixed, introrse, ± square to oblong.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, 5–carpelled, unilocular, with terminal simple terete style and capitate stigma; placentation free–central.
    Fruits
    Fruit globose or obovoid, circumscissile or indehiscent, 1– or many–seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid, 3–angled, dark brown, papillose.

    Distribution

    Found In:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Føroyar, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Mali, Manchuria, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nigeria, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Nunavut, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Queensland, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced Into:

    Antipodean Is., Ascension, Bermuda, Chatham Is., Crozet Is., Easter Is., Haiti, Iowa, Juan Fernández Is., Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., Ohio, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, St.Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Vermont

    Lysimachia Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 146 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • P. Taylor in Kew Bull. 13: 142 (1958).
    • Pax & Knuth in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4, 237, Primulac.: 256 (1905)
    • —F.T.A. 3: 489
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 147 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
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    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2017. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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