1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Stenospermation Schott

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Tropical America.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    Tropical humid forest, especially cloud forests; epiphytes or terrestrial on forest floor.
    General Description
    HABIT : epiphytic, climbing hemiepiphytic or terrestrial evergreen herbs, stem rather densely leaved, erect, often elongated. LEAVES : many. PETIOLE : geniculate apically, sheath long. BLADE : oblong-elliptic or lanceolate, oblique, often rather thick, venation usually obscured; midrib narrowly sulcate above, primary lateral veins weakly or not differentiated, pinnate, running into margin, secondary laterals parallel-pinnate, higher order venation inconspicuous. INFLORESCENCE : solitary, often nodding. PEDUNCLE : relatively long. SPATHE : convolute, gaping at anthesis, boat-shaped or opening widely, white, caducous. SPADIX : usually stipitate, rarely sessile, cylindric. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigone absent. STAMENS : 4, filaments oblong, flattened, connective slender, thecae ovoid-ellipsoid, dehiscing by longitudinal slit. POLLEN : extruded in strands, fully zonate or inaperturate, hamburger-shaped or subspheroidal, medium-sized (mean 42 µm., range 30-58 µm.), exine psilate to shallowly and sparsely foveolate, fossulate-foveolate, verrucate or baculate. GYNOECIUM : compressed obconic to cylindric, ovary (1-) 2-locular, ovules 4-many per locule, anatropous, arranged in 2 rows, funicles long, placenta basal, stylar region well-developed, usually broader than ovary and truncate, stigma elliptic to punctiform. BERRY : obovoid, truncate apically, locules 3-many-seeded, white, orange ( S. ulei) to reddish orange, or yellow. SEED : clavate to ellipsoid, raphe prominent, testa thickish, smooth, embryo axile, elongate, endosperm copious.
    Distribution
    C. & S. Trop. America.
    Diagnostic
    Evergreen epiphytes or terrestrials, stem often elongated; trichosclereids abundant; petiole geniculate apically; leaf blades entire, fine venation parallel-pinnate, often obscured; inflorescence often nodding; spathe deciduous after flowering; flowers bisexual, perigone absent; seeds less than 3 mm long; endosperm present. Differs from Rhodospatha in basal placentation, seeds fusiform to claviform; and leaf blades thickly coriaceous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

    Stenospermation Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ecuador 46551.000
    Hodgson, I.G. [63], Ecuador 51738.000

    First published in Gen. Aroid.: 70 (1858)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0